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  1. 1. Dystopia: 1984Sunday, 12 February 2012
  2. 2. SCI FI · The basic definition of science fiction writing is that it is set in the future and explores the ethical, moral, and philosophical questions of this future time · Joyce Saricks notes that setting is a crucial appeal factor in creating a feeling of “otherness” · The science should be plausible – unlike fantasy where the author can make up the rules, the science fiction writer needs to follow known scientific facts as much as possible. · Character development is often of lesser importance in science fiction.Sunday, 12 February 2012
  3. 3. Dystopia: 1984 • set in the future • explores the ethical, moral, and philosophical questions • creating a feeling of “otherness” • genre’s exploration of technological and scientific details • follow known scientific facts as much as possible • character development is often of lesser importanceSunday, 12 February 2012
  4. 4. Dystopia: 1984 UTOPIA: A place, state, or condition that is ideally perfect in respect of politics, laws, customs, and conditions. DYSTOPIA: A futuristic, imagined universe in which oppressive societal control and the illusion of a perfect society are maintained through corporate, bureaucratic, technological, moral, or totalitarian control. Dystopias, through an exaggerated worst-case scenario, make a criticism about a current trend, societal norm, or political system.Sunday, 12 February 2012
  5. 5. Dystopia: 1984 Characteristics of a Dystopian Society Propaganda is used to control the citizens of society.Sunday, 12 February 2012
  6. 6. Information, independent thought, and freedom are restricted.Sunday, 12 February 2012
  7. 7. A figurehead or concept is worshipped by the citizens of the society.Sunday, 12 February 2012
  8. 8. Citizens are perceived to be under constant surveillance.Sunday, 12 February 2012
  9. 9. Citizens have a fear of the outside world. Citizens live in a dehumanised state. The natural world is banished and distrusted.Sunday, 12 February 2012
  10. 10. Citizens conform to uniform expectations. Individuality and dissent are forbidden.Sunday, 12 February 2012
  11. 11. Types of Dystopian Control Most dystopian works present a world in which oppressive societal control is maintained through one or more of the following types of controls: • Corporate control: One or more large corporations control society through products, advertising, and/or the media. • Bureaucratic control: Society is controlled by a mindless bureaucracy through a tangle of red tape, relentless regulations, and incompetent government officials.Sunday, 12 February 2012
  12. 12. • Technological control: Society is controlled by technology—through computers, robots, and/or scientific means. Examples include The Matrix, The Terminator, and I, Robot. • Philosophical/religious control: Society is controlled by philosophical or religious ideology often enforced through a dictatorship or theocratic government.Sunday, 12 February 2012
  13. 13. The Dystopian ProtagonistSunday, 12 February 2012
  14. 14. The Dystopian Protagonist • often feels trapped and is struggling to escape. • questions the existing social and political systems. • believes or feels that something is terribly wrong with the society in which he or she lives. • helps the audience recognise the negative aspects of the dystopian world through his or her perspective.Sunday, 12 February 2012
  15. 15. Sunday, 12 February 2012
  16. 16. Given his importance, what does Orwell want us to think of Winston? What is his role? Can we trust him? What kind of man is Winston Smith? A hero? What qualities do we normally associate with such a role? Does Winston "measure up" to these? In what ways? Why does he fail?Sunday, 12 February 2012
  17. 17. Sunday, 12 February 2012