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Romanticism in art


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Romanticism in art

  1. 1. Eugene Delacroix - Liberty Leading the People, 28th July, 1830 Romanticism in ArtWednesday, 25 May 2011
  2. 2. Coming off the back of ideals from the French Revolution, and breaking from the realities of the Industrial Revolution, "Romanticism elevated the achievements of what it perceived as misunderstood heroic individuals and artists that altered society. It also legitimised the individual imagination as a critical authority which permitted freedom from classical notions of form in art."Wednesday, 25 May 2011
  3. 3. France Antoine Jean Gros began the transition from Neoclassicism to Romanticism by moving to a more colourful and emotional style, influenced by the Flemish Baroque painter Peter Paul Rubens, which he developed in a series of battle paintings glorifying Napoleon.Wednesday, 25 May 2011
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  6. 6. The main figure for French Romanticism was Théodore Géricault, who carried further the dramatic, colouristic tendencies of Gross style and who shifted the emphasis of battle paintings from heroism to suffering and endurance. In his Wounded Cuirassier (1814) a soldier limps off the field as rising smoke and descending clouds seem to impinge on his figure.Wednesday, 25 May 2011
  7. 7. The Raft of the Medusa by Théodore Géricault. Musée du Louvre, Paris Géricault - Raft of the Medusa - The powerful brushstrokes and conflicting light and dark tones heighten the sense of his isolation and vulnerability, which for Géricault and many other Romantics constituted the essential human condition.Wednesday, 25 May 2011
  8. 8. Eugène Delacroix often took his subjects from literature, but he aimed at transcending literary or didactic significance by using colour to create an effect of pure energy and emotion that he compared to music. His Death of Sardanapalus (1827), inspired by the 1821 play Sardanapalus by English Romantic writer Lord Byron, is precisely detailed, but the action is so violent and the composition so dynamic that the effect is of chaos engulfing the immobile and indifferent figure of the dying king.Wednesday, 25 May 2011
  9. 9. Eugene Delacroix - The Death of SardanapalWednesday, 25 May 2011
  10. 10. Caspar David Friedrich The greatest German Romantic painter, was Caspar David Friedrich, whose meditative landscapes, painted in a lucid and meticulous style, hover between a subtle mystical feeling and a sense of melancholy solitude and estrangement.Wednesday, 25 May 2011
  11. 11. In the Polar Sea (1824), his romantic pessimism is most directly expressed; the remains of a wrecked ship are barely visible beneath a pyramid of ice slabs that seems a monument to the triumph of nature over human aspiration.Wednesday, 25 May 2011
  12. 12. England Landscapes suffused with romantic feeling became the chief expression of Romantic painting in England, as in Germany, but the English artists were more innovative in style and technique.Wednesday, 25 May 2011
  13. 13. J. M. W. Turner achieved the most radical pictorial vision of any romantic artist.Wednesday, 25 May 2011
  14. 14. Turners SunriseWednesday, 25 May 2011
  15. 15. French painter Claude Lorrain, became, in such later works as Snow Storm: Steam Boat Off a Harbors Mouth (1842), almost entirely concerned with atmospheric effects of light and colour, mixing clouds, mist, snow, and sea into a vortex in which all distinct objects areWednesday, 25 May 2011
  16. 16. United States The leading figure of the Hudson River School was the English-born Thomas Cole, whose depictions of primeval forests and towering peaks convey a sense of moral grandeur.Wednesday, 25 May 2011
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  18. 18. Eugene Delacroix - Greece on the Ruins of MissolonghiWednesday, 25 May 2011
  19. 19. Francisco Goya - Saturn Eating CronusWednesday, 25 May 2011
  20. 20. Francisco Goya - The ColossusWednesday, 25 May 2011
  21. 21. Henry Fuseli, Macbeth and the WitchesWednesday, 25 May 2011