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HOTS 
Higher Order Thinking Skills 
Group Members:- 
1) Paul Vosko Anak Ranged (D20121059016) 
2) Nor Azila Binti Razak (D...
Thinking skills are divided into two : 
• Lower-order thinking skills (KBAR) 
• Higher-order thinking skills (HOTS) (KBAT)
Definition of Thinking 
• According to Beyer, BK, 1991 defines thinking as the human ability to form 
concepts, to reason,...
Should we teach students to think? 
• According to Confucius, a Chinese philosopher, learn without thinking is a 
futile a...
Different types of Thinking 
1) Critical Thinking 
 The convergent thinking 
 It involves precise, persistent, objective...
3) Convergent Thinking 
A cognitive processing of information around a common 
point, an attempt to bring thoughts from d...
6) Deductive Thinking 
Type of reasoning move from the whole to its parts, from 
generalizations to underlying concepts t...
Difference 
HOTS 
(LLTS)low-level Thinking 
Skills 
Students solve problems using algorithmic 
problem solving is common, ...
Definition of HOTS 
• HOTS is one of the key components in the skills of creative and critical 
thinking, and it is the hi...
Why do we need HOTS? 
• Allows for the interpretation and reconsideration of such information so 
that other application m...
Are HOTS Important ? 
• The capabilities to transfer the skills have been learned to other situations. 
• Thinking skills ...
Strategies for enhancing higher 
order thinking 
Take the mystery away 
Teach students about higher order thinking and hi...
Categorize concepts 
Students should be guided to identify important concepts and decide which 
type of concept each one ...
Type Of Question 
HOTS 
Brainstorm Mind Map 
Six Creative Ways To Brainstorm Ideas 
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yAidvTK...
Conclusion 
Thinking skills are basic in the educational process. One's ability to influenced 
the way students are thinki...
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  1. 1. HOTS Higher Order Thinking Skills Group Members:- 1) Paul Vosko Anak Ranged (D20121059016) 2) Nor Azila Binti Razak (D20112052105) 3) Dg Norhayati Binti Mahamad (D20112052103)
  2. 2. Thinking skills are divided into two : • Lower-order thinking skills (KBAR) • Higher-order thinking skills (HOTS) (KBAT)
  3. 3. Definition of Thinking • According to Beyer, BK, 1991 defines thinking as the human ability to form concepts, to reason, or to make the determination. • According to Nickerson, Perkins and Smith, 1985, think is a collection of skills or mental operations used by an individual. • According to Fraenkel, JR, 1980, however, states that thinking is the formation of ideas, remodeling experience and organizing information in a particular form.
  4. 4. Should we teach students to think? • According to Confucius, a Chinese philosopher, learn without thinking is a futile and learn without thinking is a very dangerous thing.
  5. 5. Different types of Thinking 1) Critical Thinking  The convergent thinking  It involves precise, persistent, objective analysis 2) Creative Thinking  The divergent thinking  It generates something new or different  It involves having a different idea that works as well or better than previous ideas
  6. 6. 3) Convergent Thinking A cognitive processing of information around a common point, an attempt to bring thoughts from different directions into a union or common conclusion 4) Divergent Thinking Type of thinking that starts from a common point and moves outward into a variety of perspectives 5) Inductive Thinking The process of reasoning from parts to the whole, from examples to generalizations
  7. 7. 6) Deductive Thinking Type of reasoning move from the whole to its parts, from generalizations to underlying concepts to examples. 7) Closed Questions These are questions asked by teachers that have predictable responses. It almost always require factual recall than higher levels of thinking 8) Open Questions Its almost require higher order thinking
  8. 8. Difference HOTS (LLTS)low-level Thinking Skills Students solve problems using algorithmic problem solving is common, there is no justification, explanation or evidence is needed and only one answer is correct. Recall facts, make easy operation, or solve common problems. Thinking skills are not using algorithms and can have many solutions. Need to be more creative when facing a problem with having more than one solution.
  9. 9. Definition of HOTS • HOTS is one of the key components in the skills of creative and critical thinking, and it is the highest level in the hierarchy of cognitive processes. • HOTS is thinking of not using the algorithm and can have many solutions. These also do not think the usual way we think of solving a problem.
  10. 10. Why do we need HOTS? • Allows for the interpretation and reconsideration of such information so that other application may be used and alternative conclusions drawn • Exposes to further fields of knowledge and know how which may again, be transferred, reapplied and collated to create a new and improved version.
  11. 11. Are HOTS Important ? • The capabilities to transfer the skills have been learned to other situations. • Thinking skills are important in the process of enhance capabilities learning • Students are able to apply knowledge, skills and attitudes that viewed in their life. • Able to use the knowledge learned in a more productive. • Develop higher-level understanding through effective questioning. (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IfEU5shbmbw)
  12. 12. Strategies for enhancing higher order thinking Take the mystery away Teach students about higher order thinking and higher order thinking strategies. Help students understand their own higher order thinking strengths and challenges. Teach the concept of concepts Teachers should make sure students understand the critical features that define a particular concept and distinguish it from other concepts. Name key concepts Students should be guided to identify which type(s) of concept each one is concrete, abstract, verbal, nonverbal or process.
  13. 13. Categorize concepts Students should be guided to identify important concepts and decide which type of concept each one is (concrete, abstract, verbal, nonverbal, or process). Move from concrete to abstract and back When teaching abstract concepts, the use of concrete materials can reinforce learning for both young and old alike. Teach Question-Answer Relationships (QARs) The Question-Answer Relationships (QARs) technique (Raphael 1986) teaches children to label the type of questions being asked and then to use this information to assist them in formulating the answers.
  14. 14. Type Of Question HOTS Brainstorm Mind Map Six Creative Ways To Brainstorm Ideas http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yAidvTKX6xM How To Draw Mindmap http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wD0YaRu8EsE
  15. 15. Conclusion Thinking skills are basic in the educational process. One's ability to influenced the way students are thinking the speed and effectiveness of learning. Besides that, the thinking skills are important to improve their knowledge learned. An understanding associated with what is being taught will be increased when thoughts students are challenged and given incentives to use their minds (Philips,1997).

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