Printmaking Chapter 6
Printmaking <ul><li>Print- a multiple work of art </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nearly identical pieces can be created </li></ul><...
Relief <ul><li>Parts of the matrix not meant to carry ink are cut away </li></ul><ul><li>Soft wood, linoleum, or rubber ar...
Relief. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Section of  The Diamond Sutra . Chinese Buddhist text. 868. Length of entire scroll 18'. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Pr...
Emil Nolde.  Prophet . 1912. image: .317 × .225 cm (12-1/2&quot; × 81-3/16&quot;).  Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentic...
Rockwell Kent.  Workers of the World, Unite . 1937. 8&quot; × 5-1/8&quot;.  Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall I...
Elizabeth Catlett (Mexican, 1919).  Sharecropper . 1970. 54.5 × 51.3 cm. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Intaglio <ul><li>Opposite of relief printing </li></ul><ul><li>The areas that are cut into hold the ink </li></ul><ul><ul>...
Intaglio. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Engraving <ul><li>A burin(engraving tool) is used to cut into the metal plate </li></ul><ul><li>Any bur that is left from ...
 
Albrecht Dürer (1471–1528).  The Knight, Death and the Devil . 1513. Page: 10&quot; × 7-7/8&quot; (25.5 × 20 cm), Plate 9-...
Etching <ul><li>Resist-a coating that will resist the effects of acid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually wax or varnish </li></...
Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn (1606–1669).  Christ Preaching . c. 1652.  61-1/4&quot; × 8-1/8&quot;.  Copyright ©2011, ©2009...
Aquatint <ul><li>Used for areas of a print that need a shade or gray tone </li></ul><ul><li>Resist is sprinkled over the m...
Drypoint <ul><li>For very fine lines </li></ul><ul><li>A very sharp tool is used to create these fine lines </li></ul><ul>...
Mary Cassatt.  The Letter . 1891. H: 13-5/8&quot; × 8-15/16&quot;.  Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Lithography <ul><li>No cutting is necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Drawings are made on a stone or metal plate </li></ul><ul><l...
Lithography. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec.  Jane Avril . c. 1893.  Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec.  Jane Avril Dansant . c. 1893. 38&quot; × 27&quot;.  Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Ha...
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec.  Jane Avril . c. 1893. 50-5/8&quot; × 37&quot;.  Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall I...
Offset Lithography <ul><li>Uses a light sensitive plate instead of a stone </li></ul>
Stencil <ul><li>Stencil- a sheet with a design cut out of it.  Painting or spraying will transfer the design </li></ul><ul...
Kim McCarthy.  Urban Buddha . 2009. 36&quot; × 48&quot;.  Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Screenprinting. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Ester Hernández.  Sun Mad . 1982. 22&quot; × 17&quot;.Ellen Gallagher.  &quot;Mr. Terrific&quot; from Deluxe . 2004–2005. ...
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Chapter6

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  • By permission of The British Library. OR.8210f2.
  • Rosenwald Collection. Photograph © Board of Trustees, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. 1943.3.6698.(B-9059)/PR. Stiftung Seebull Ada und Emil Nolde.
  • Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, Achenbach Foundation for the Graphic Arts. Gift of the American College Society of Print Collectors. 54959. Courtesy of the Plattsburgh State Art Museum, State University of New York, Rockwell Kent Gallery and Collection, Bequest of Sally Kent Gorton.
  • Restricted gift of Mr. and Mrs. Robert S. Hartman. 1992.182 Photograph © 2002 The Art Institute of Chicago. All Rights Reserved. © Elizabeth Catlett/Licensed by VAGA, NY.
  • Brooklyn Museum of Art, Gift of Mrs. Horace Havemeyer. 54.35.6.
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Bequest of Mrs. H. O. Havemeyer, 1929. The H. O. Havemeyer Collection. (29.107.18). Art Resource, NY.
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of Paul J. Sachs, 1916. (16.2.9). Photograph © 1991 The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Art Resource, NY.
  • Edita S.A.
  • Private Collection.
  • Art Resource, N.Y.
  • Kim McCarthy.
  • Courtesy of the artist.
  • Chapter6

    1. 1. Printmaking Chapter 6
    2. 2. Printmaking <ul><li>Print- a multiple work of art </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nearly identical pieces can be created </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Matrix-the base material the artwork is made on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stone, wood, metal, linoleum… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Edition-group of images from the same matrix </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many artist limit editions and all editions are numbered </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Relief <ul><li>Parts of the matrix not meant to carry ink are cut away </li></ul><ul><li>Soft wood, linoleum, or rubber are used often </li></ul><ul><li>It’s difficult to render shading </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple colors means multiple blocks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Registration is critical-lining up of blocks on the paper </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Relief. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    5. 5. Section of The Diamond Sutra . Chinese Buddhist text. 868. Length of entire scroll 18'. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    6. 6. Emil Nolde. Prophet . 1912. image: .317 × .225 cm (12-1/2&quot; × 81-3/16&quot;). Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    7. 7. Rockwell Kent. Workers of the World, Unite . 1937. 8&quot; × 5-1/8&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    8. 8. Elizabeth Catlett (Mexican, 1919). Sharecropper . 1970. 54.5 × 51.3 cm. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    9. 9. Intaglio <ul><li>Opposite of relief printing </li></ul><ul><li>The areas that are cut into hold the ink </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The areas to hold ink are cut, scratched, or etched </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Engraving and etching are principal processes in the intaglio process </li></ul>
    10. 10. Intaglio. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    11. 11. Engraving <ul><li>A burin(engraving tool) is used to cut into the metal plate </li></ul><ul><li>Any bur that is left from cutting the metal is smoothed with a scraper </li></ul><ul><li>Also difficult to render shading </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditionally, cross hatching is used to show depth and shadow </li></ul></ul>
    12. 13. Albrecht Dürer (1471–1528). The Knight, Death and the Devil . 1513. Page: 10&quot; × 7-7/8&quot; (25.5 × 20 cm), Plate 9-5/8&quot; × 7-1/2&quot; (24.5 × 19 cm). Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    13. 14. Etching <ul><li>Resist-a coating that will resist the effects of acid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually wax or varnish </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The artist then uses a sharp tool to draw(expose) the areas to be etched by the acid </li></ul><ul><li>The lines in an etching are less exact than in an engraving </li></ul>
    14. 15. Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn (1606–1669). Christ Preaching . c. 1652. 61-1/4&quot; × 8-1/8&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    15. 16. Aquatint <ul><li>Used for areas of a print that need a shade or gray tone </li></ul><ul><li>Resist is sprinkled over the metal plate and etched </li></ul><ul><li>This gives a rough surface that can create the feeling of shading </li></ul>
    16. 17. Drypoint <ul><li>For very fine lines </li></ul><ul><li>A very sharp tool is used to create these fine lines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Often a diamond tipped tool </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The bur is integral to keeping these line visible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The bur is worn down during printing, so often the artist can only make so many prints before it loses quality </li></ul></ul>
    17. 18. Mary Cassatt. The Letter . 1891. H: 13-5/8&quot; × 8-15/16&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    18. 19. Lithography <ul><li>No cutting is necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Drawings are made on a stone or metal plate </li></ul><ul><li>Drawings are created using litho pencils or tusche which are very waxy </li></ul><ul><li>The image is then fixed with a solution of gum arabic and weak acid </li></ul><ul><li>The stone or plate is then wet and the ink applied </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The ink is oil based and will only stick to the waxy drawing and not the wet surface </li></ul></ul>
    19. 20. Lithography. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    20. 21. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. Jane Avril . c. 1893. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    21. 22. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. Jane Avril Dansant . c. 1893. 38&quot; × 27&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    22. 23. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. Jane Avril . c. 1893. 50-5/8&quot; × 37&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    23. 24. Offset Lithography <ul><li>Uses a light sensitive plate instead of a stone </li></ul>
    24. 25. Stencil <ul><li>Stencil- a sheet with a design cut out of it. Painting or spraying will transfer the design </li></ul><ul><li>Screenprinting- adhere the stencil to a silk screen. With a squeegee, ink is pushed through the screen. Anywhere the design is adhered, no ink will pass through the screen </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can also be create using light sensitive silk screen </li></ul></ul>
    25. 26. Kim McCarthy. Urban Buddha . 2009. 36&quot; × 48&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    26. 27. Screenprinting. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    27. 28. Ester Hernández. Sun Mad . 1982. 22&quot; × 17&quot;.Ellen Gallagher. &quot;Mr. Terrific&quot; from Deluxe . 2004–2005. 1diani. La Humanidad . From Continents series: The Humankind. 2004. 27&quot; × 40&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.

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