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Surrealism
 1924
Surrealism
1924


Originally a literary
movement, it explored
dreams, the
unconscious, the
element of chance and
multiple ...
WHY Surrealism in 1924?

What was happening in the world
around this time?
WHY Surrealism in 1924?

What was happening in the world
around this time?
•World War I (1914-1918)
•Sigmund Freud
Physically and psychologically,
WWI destroyed Western civilization
                        Countries Involved:
           ...
“The logic, science and technology
that many thought would bring a
better world had gone horribly
wrong.
Instead of a bett...
Staggering destruction and loss of life
TOTAL WWI CASUALTIES: 11,016,000
Sigmund Freud
(1856-1939)

•The father of psychoanalysis
•In 1900, Freud published
The Interpretation of Dreams, and intro...
Andre Breton                               Poet




  “Surrealism is based on the belief in the superior
  reality of the ...
Surreal
Odd
Illogical
Irrational
Exciting
Disturbing
Characteristics of Surrealism
•Reaction to chaos of WWI
•Influence of Freud: Dreams and
subconscious
•Impossible scale
•Re...
Where?
France, Germany,
Catalunya, Belgium

Artists
Max Ernst
Salvador Dali
Joan Miro
Man Ray
Rene Magritte
Salvador Dali (Spanish, 1904–1989)
The Metamorphosis of Narcissus, 1937, Salvador Dali
Salvador Dali
Persistence of Memory 1931
Salvador Dali
Apparition
Rene Magritte (Belgian)
Rene Magritte
René Magritte
Les valeurs personnelles
(Personal Values)
1952
René Magritte
La Chambre d'écoute (The Listening Room)
1952
(impossible scale)
Rene Magritte

Carte Blanche   “Carte Blanche,” Rene Magritte
and dream interpretation in Surrealism is further emphasized by Sigmund Freud's contribut




        Rene Magritte
      ...
Rene Magritte

(Reversal of Natural Laws)
Ideas for your Surrealist Collage
and Painting
a) change the normal scale of objects
         (ex: a car the size of a liv...
Student Example- Alicia
Student Example- Carolyn
Student Example- Lynne
Student Example- Jackie
Student Example- Lisa
Student Example- Christina
Student Example- Alicia
Student Example- Noshin
Student Example- Lisa
Student Example- Renee
Student Example- Stephanie
What is your idea? Start with a well thought-out
creative idea. Throwing two random things
together doesn’t necessarily qu...
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  1. 1. Surrealism 1924
  2. 2. Surrealism 1924 Originally a literary movement, it explored dreams, the unconscious, the element of chance and multiple levels of reality. “more than real” “better than real”
  3. 3. WHY Surrealism in 1924? What was happening in the world around this time?
  4. 4. WHY Surrealism in 1924? What was happening in the world around this time? •World War I (1914-1918) •Sigmund Freud
  5. 5. Physically and psychologically, WWI destroyed Western civilization Countries Involved:   Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada France Germany Great Britain Greece India Iraq Italy Japan Montenegro New Zealand Poland Portugal Rhodesia Romania Russia Serbia South Africa Turkey United States
  6. 6. “The logic, science and technology that many thought would bring a better world had gone horribly wrong. Instead of a better world, the advancements of the 19th century had produced such high tech weapons as machine guns, long- range artillery, tanks, submarines, fighter planes and mustard gas.” (source: Janson)   
  7. 7. Staggering destruction and loss of life TOTAL WWI CASUALTIES: 11,016,000
  8. 8. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) •The father of psychoanalysis •In 1900, Freud published The Interpretation of Dreams, and introduced the wider public to the notion of the unconscious mind •theorized that forgetfulness or slips of the tongue (now called "Freudian slips") were not accidental at all, but it was the "dynamic unconscious" revealing something meaningful. •He said “Dreams are often most profound when they seem the most crazy.”
  9. 9. Andre Breton Poet “Surrealism is based on the belief in the superior reality of the dream”
  10. 10. Surreal Odd Illogical Irrational Exciting Disturbing
  11. 11. Characteristics of Surrealism •Reaction to chaos of WWI •Influence of Freud: Dreams and subconscious •Impossible scale •Reversal of natural laws •Double images •Juxtaposition
  12. 12. Where? France, Germany, Catalunya, Belgium Artists Max Ernst Salvador Dali Joan Miro Man Ray Rene Magritte
  13. 13. Salvador Dali (Spanish, 1904–1989)
  14. 14. The Metamorphosis of Narcissus, 1937, Salvador Dali
  15. 15. Salvador Dali Persistence of Memory 1931
  16. 16. Salvador Dali Apparition
  17. 17. Rene Magritte (Belgian)
  18. 18. Rene Magritte
  19. 19. René Magritte Les valeurs personnelles (Personal Values) 1952
  20. 20. René Magritte La Chambre d'écoute (The Listening Room) 1952 (impossible scale)
  21. 21. Rene Magritte Carte Blanche “Carte Blanche,” Rene Magritte
  22. 22. and dream interpretation in Surrealism is further emphasized by Sigmund Freud's contribut Rene Magritte Ceci n’est pas une pipe
  23. 23. Rene Magritte (Reversal of Natural Laws)
  24. 24. Ideas for your Surrealist Collage and Painting a) change the normal scale of objects (ex: a car the size of a living room or bugs the size of people) b) turn the accepted order of things upside down (ex: dogs walking people instead of people walking dogs) c) mix internal and external space (ex: trees growing in a kitchen, seeing the inside and outside of an object at the same time) d) transform one object into another (ex: a car turning into a fish, an animal turning into a person)
  25. 25. Student Example- Alicia
  26. 26. Student Example- Carolyn
  27. 27. Student Example- Lynne
  28. 28. Student Example- Jackie
  29. 29. Student Example- Lisa
  30. 30. Student Example- Christina
  31. 31. Student Example- Alicia
  32. 32. Student Example- Noshin
  33. 33. Student Example- Lisa
  34. 34. Student Example- Renee
  35. 35. Student Example- Stephanie
  36. 36. What is your idea? Start with a well thought-out creative idea. Throwing two random things together doesn’t necessarily qualify as surreal. Use QUALITY photographic images from magazines- not cartoons or illustrations. Avoid images from popular culture such as famous people, name brands and retail products that will distract the viewer. Cut and glue carefully so all images have smooth edges and there is no visible glue. Consider background, middle ground and foreground.
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