Art Appreciation-Chapter5


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  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY. Image copyright © The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Art Resource, NY.
  • Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.: Gift of the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, S1999.119.
  • Samuel H. Kress Collection, Photograph © 2001 Board of Trustees, National Gallery of Art, Washington. 1939.1.290.(401)/PA.
  • Gallery Paule Anglim.
  • Louvre, Paris, France. Copyright Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY.
  • Kenwood House The Iveagh Bequest, © English Heritage Photo Library.
  • Marlborough Fine Art, Ltd., London.
  • Courtesy 303 Gallery, New York.
  • Louis K. Meisel Gallery, New York.
  • Social and Public Art Resource Center.
  • Art Appreciation-Chapter5

    1. 1. Painting Chapter 5
    2. 2. Painting <ul><li>For many, art is painting </li></ul><ul><li>Painting is linked with drawing as drawing is often a preliminary step for a painting </li></ul><ul><li>Began with cave paintings made with pigments from plants and clays </li></ul>
    3. 3. Ingredients <ul><li>Paints consist of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pigment provides color. Can be made from minerals, plants, animals… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Binder is a sticky substance that holds the pigment together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Linseed oil, egg… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle makes the paint a liquid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Turpentine, water… </li></ul></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Surfaces <ul><li>Support-structure to hold the painting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wood panel, canvas, paper </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sizing and priming-often a surface is smoothed and prepared to accept the paint </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gesso is a mixture of glue and chalk applied to canvas before painting </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Watercolor <ul><li>Pigments are bound with gum arabic and water is the vehicle </li></ul><ul><li>Watercolor is usually painted on rag paper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rag paper is absorbant and won’t disintegate in water </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dries fast and it isn’t easy to correct mistakes </li></ul><ul><li>Opaque watercolor is called gouache </li></ul>
    6. 7. Winslow Homer. Sloop, Nassau . 1899. 14-7/8&quot; × 21-7/16&quot; (37.8 × 54.3 cm). Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    7. 8. Zhang Daqian. Hidden Valley, After Guo Xi . 1962. 76-1/4&quot; × 40-1/8&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    8. 9. Tempera <ul><li>Tempera is traditionally made with pigment eggs and water </li></ul><ul><li>Created a luminous and matte finish </li></ul><ul><li>Not easily blended or corrected </li></ul><ul><li>Often applied in many layers </li></ul><ul><li>Little used today </li></ul>
    9. 10. Filippo Lippi. Madonna and Child . c. 1440–1445. 0.797 × .511 cm (31-3/8&quot; × 20-1/8&quot;). Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    10. 11. Encaustic <ul><li>Pigments are dissolved into beeswax </li></ul><ul><li>Mixture has to be kept hot while being used to paint </li></ul>
    11. 12. Anne Appleby. Mother E. 2009. Each panel, 72&quot; × 34&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    12. 13. Oil <ul><li>Pigment mixed with oil </li></ul><ul><li>Turpentine is used to thin oil paint </li></ul><ul><li>Method is attributed to Hubert and Jan van Eyck </li></ul><ul><li>Painted on gesso covered wood or canvas </li></ul><ul><li>Painted in layers from dark to light </li></ul><ul><li>Glaze is a thin translucent layer of varnish to give the painting depth and glossiness </li></ul><ul><li>Dries very slowly and is easily corrected, blended, and painted over </li></ul><ul><li>Impasto is oil paint applied very thickly </li></ul>
    13. 14. Jan van Eyck. Madonna and Child with the Chancellor Rolin . c. 1433–1434. 66 × 62 cm. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    14. 15. Rembrandt van Rijn. Detail from Self-Portrait . 1663. Full painting 45&quot; × 38&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    15. 16. Frank Auerbach. Head of Michael Podro . 1981. 13&quot; × 11&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    16. 17. Inka Essenhigh. Escape Pod . 2003. 50&quot; × 50&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    17. 18. Acrylic <ul><li>Made of pigment and acrylic polymer </li></ul><ul><li>Fast drying, long lasting </li></ul><ul><li>Can use water instead of turpentine to thin the paint </li></ul><ul><li>Harder to blend </li></ul>
    18. 19. Audrey Flack. Wheel of Fortune . 1977–1978. 96&quot; × 96&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    19. 20. Fresco <ul><li>Buon fresco- pigment mixed with water is applied to a damp lime-plaster surface </li></ul><ul><li>A cartoon is usually made </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A full scale drawing that is transferred onto the area to be painted </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The lime-plaster has to be damp, so the artist can only paint a section at a time </li></ul><ul><li>Fresco seco-dry fresco-tempera paint is applied over the buon fresco to add color intensity </li></ul>
    20. 21. Judith F. Baca. View of Great Wall of Los Angeles. 1976–1983. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    21. 22. Leonardo da Vinci The Last Supper
    22. 23. Michelangelo Buonarotti Sistine Chapel Ceiling
    23. 24. Diego Rivera The Building of a City