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Overview of Sculpture
“Sculpture is the only branch of the
visual arts that is specifically concerned
with expressive thre...
Definition of Sculpture:
• Three dimensional forms created by
modeling, carving or assembling
• Three dimensional = having...
Sculpture is the largest category
of three dimensional artwork.
• During the 20th
century, the definition of
sculpture has...
Past Characteristics
1. Representational
2.One solid mass with no movement.
3.Only carved or modeled (carved directly
from...
Modern Characteristics
1. Representational & abstract
2.Solid, static or use empty space in an
important way & capable of ...
Two Basic Sculptural Forms:
1. Sculpture in the round (free-
standing sculpture) = art meant to
be view from all sides
2. ...
Relief Sculpture Examples
8 main ways to make sculpture:
1. Carved
2. Modeling
3. Cast
4. Constructed
5. Assembled
6. Kinetic
7. Environmental
8. In...
Carved
• Sculptures made from wood, stone,
marble which are shaped by
removing the material
Modeling
• Sculptures made by shaping forms
from soft, workable material
Modeling
Cast
• Sculptures created by hollowing a
mold and filling it with material
that hardens.
–Plastics, plaster and concrete
m...
The Thinker, Rodin, 1902
Constructed
• Sculptures built from traditional or
industrial materials shaped by the
artist. The parts may be of a single...
Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi
Assemblages
• Sculptures constructed from a
variety of ready-made materials
and objects not often intended for
making art....
Joseph Cornell
Kinetic
• Sculpture that moves, either from
wind, falling water, temperature
changes, springs, air pumps, pull
strings or ...
Environmental
• Sculptures that interact with, but do
not alter, the natural environment,
and works that involve a human-
...
Stonehenge, Wiltshire, England, prehistoric monument,
3500 BC
Installations
• Sculptures using various materials
that can be permanent and are not
confined to gallery spaces. Often
the...
Recent climate change campaign at Berlin by Brazilian artist Nele Azevedo was
extremely creative and dark. It was an insta...
A large jellyfish moves slowly, driven by the wind over the Phoenix Park homonymous city in Arizona. The creator of
Her Se...
Brian Goggin, an artist of infinite sculptural jest, has left his mark on the West
Coast with his whimsical and vibrant la...
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Intro to Sculpture

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Sculpture powerpoint 1 (1)

  1. 1. Overview of Sculpture “Sculpture is the only branch of the visual arts that is specifically concerned with expressive three-dimension form."
  2. 2. Definition of Sculpture: • Three dimensional forms created by modeling, carving or assembling • Three dimensional = having height, width and depth 2D 3D
  3. 3. Sculpture is the largest category of three dimensional artwork. • During the 20th century, the definition of sculpture has widened a great deal and has become an ever-expanding art form that is constantly evolving and redefining itself. • This is because of developments of new sculptural tools and technology. • Contemporary works now exhibit a huge variety of new materials and techniques.
  4. 4. Past Characteristics 1. Representational 2.One solid mass with no movement. 3.Only carved or modeled (carved directly from stone, wood, marble or built it up from the inside using clay, plaster, wax, etc.)
  5. 5. Modern Characteristics 1. Representational & abstract 2.Solid, static or use empty space in an important way & capable of movement (kinetic) 3.Carved, cast, modeled, assembled or constructed in a variety of ways.
  6. 6. Two Basic Sculptural Forms: 1. Sculpture in the round (free- standing sculpture) = art meant to be view from all sides 2. Relief (high vs. low) = Sculpture that projects from a background surface.
  7. 7. Relief Sculpture Examples
  8. 8. 8 main ways to make sculpture: 1. Carved 2. Modeling 3. Cast 4. Constructed 5. Assembled 6. Kinetic 7. Environmental 8. Installations
  9. 9. Carved • Sculptures made from wood, stone, marble which are shaped by removing the material
  10. 10. Modeling • Sculptures made by shaping forms from soft, workable material Modeling
  11. 11. Cast • Sculptures created by hollowing a mold and filling it with material that hardens. –Plastics, plaster and concrete mixtures Casting
  12. 12. The Thinker, Rodin, 1902
  13. 13. Constructed • Sculptures built from traditional or industrial materials shaped by the artist. The parts may be of a single material, such as metal or a variety of material.
  14. 14. Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi
  15. 15. Assemblages • Sculptures constructed from a variety of ready-made materials and objects not often intended for making art. Assemblages
  16. 16. Joseph Cornell
  17. 17. Kinetic • Sculpture that moves, either from wind, falling water, temperature changes, springs, air pumps, pull strings or computers. Kinetic
  18. 18. Environmental • Sculptures that interact with, but do not alter, the natural environment, and works that involve a human- made environment. Environmental
  19. 19. Stonehenge, Wiltshire, England, prehistoric monument, 3500 BC
  20. 20. Installations • Sculptures using various materials that can be permanent and are not confined to gallery spaces. Often they interact with public environments. Installations
  21. 21. Recent climate change campaign at Berlin by Brazilian artist Nele Azevedo was extremely creative and dark. It was an installation art consisting of 1000 tiny ice sculptures of men sitting on the steps of Berlin concert hall. This artistic installation on the occasion of release of the report entitled Impact of Global Climate Change was sponsored by WWF
  22. 22. A large jellyfish moves slowly, driven by the wind over the Phoenix Park homonymous city in Arizona. The creator of Her Secret is Paciencia, out of scale and natural environment, Janet Echelman, no American artist to experiment with new textile sculptures. On the water of the Richmond Olympic Oval (British Columbia (CA), for example, has recently opened Water Sky Garden, suspended structure made of PTFE. The works are adapted to their natural rhythms of the turn of day and seasons. Reflections on the water which multiply the embodiment of the installation, beautiful dress for the night light that illuminates the sky.
  23. 23. Brian Goggin, an artist of infinite sculptural jest, has left his mark on the West Coast with his whimsical and vibrant layering of found objects and chaos- provoking sculptures.

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