An Integrative Ecosystem Service
Assessment Framework
- Measuring the Impact of
Rubber Agroforestry
Dr. Marc Cotter, Inga ...
Objective of SURUMER
- to develop an integrative,
applicable, and stakeholder

validated concept for
sustainable rubber cu...
Project region and Ecosystem Services

Photo: G. Langenberger
SURUMER – Sustainable Rubber Cultivation in the Mekong Regio...
Literature review on ESS in rubber
Inspiration for culture

Total number of ESS mentioned in each study.

Spiritual experi...
Ecosystem Services in SURUMER
Carbon

Biodiversity

Social
welfare

Quality

Biomass

Habitat quality
(flora, fauna,
aquat...
Stakeholders define focus topics

Photo: G. Langenberger

SURUMER – Sustainable Rubber Cultivation in the Mekong Region

6
Integrated scenario assessment framework
ESS covered by SURUMER

Stakeholder Process

Stakeholder Initiated
Alternative Sc...
Focus region
Naban River Watershed
National Nature Reserve,
Xishuangbanna Prefecture,

Yunnan Province, PR China

270 km²
...
e.g. Carbon pools
aboveground biomass

Photo: K. Martin

dead organic matter

Photo: K. Martin

belowground biomass

Photo...
Landscape Level: Carbon storage

total carbon stored in NRWNNR landscape:
2.4 million Mg C
equivalent to 8.8 million Mg CO...
scenario evaluation: Carbon storage 2025
GoGreen
go green scenario
<->
land use 2006
discount rate 8%
+ 1.8 million €

Bus...
Plot-Level: Trade-off Analysis

Latex production (Mg/ha)

Rubber C sequestration vs Latex yield:
non-linear relationship
2...
Off–site effects: Sediment retention
sediment retention
removing cost of sediments

Photo: L. Seitz

Photo: G. Langenberge...
Take home messages
ESS Assessments profit greatly from multi- and
interdisciplinary approaches in modeling and analysis
-I...
China Agricultural
University

University of Hohenheim
Humboldt University
of Berlin
University of Stuttgart

Thank you!

...
Economy and
socio-economy

Biodiversity

Biophysical
processes

PMC

Subprojects in SURUMER
Remote sensing data and land u...
Scenario 2
Scenario 1
Scenario 3

SP 8 and all
Stakeholder Process

Scenario groups

Stakeholder Workshops

Framework for ...
1. Water: Provisioning – surface water, non-drinking
Benefit
Biophysical
ESF
•
•
•
•
•

precipitation
Evaporation
Run off
...
5. Carbon: Regulation – Ventilation and transpiration
Benefit
Biophysical

local water
balance

value
workshop

ESF
•
•
•
...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Session 6.2 integrative ecosystem service assessment framework, rubber agroforestry

529 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
529
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
13
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Session 6.2 integrative ecosystem service assessment framework, rubber agroforestry

  1. 1. An Integrative Ecosystem Service Assessment Framework - Measuring the Impact of Rubber Agroforestry Dr. Marc Cotter, Inga Häuser & SURUMER-partners SURUMER – Sustainable Rubber Cultivation in the Mekong Region 1
  2. 2. Objective of SURUMER - to develop an integrative, applicable, and stakeholder validated concept for sustainable rubber cultivation SURUMER – Sustainable Rubber Cultivation in the Mekong Region 2
  3. 3. Project region and Ecosystem Services Photo: G. Langenberger SURUMER – Sustainable Rubber Cultivation in the Mekong Region 3
  4. 4. Literature review on ESS in rubber Inspiration for culture Total number of ESS mentioned in each study. Spiritual experience 14 Cultural Recreation Number of studies 12 Maintenance of genetic diversity 10 Climate regulation Habitat 8 Regulation of w ater flow s 6 Waste treatment 4 Regulation Erosion prevention 2 Maintenance of soil fertility 0 1 2 Pollination 4 3 Provisioning >5 Biological control ESS mentioned Food 0 10 20 30 40 Number of inclusions Kevin Thellmann (2013) tbp SURUMER – Sustainable Rubber Cultivation in the Mekong Region Water Raw materials Genetic resources 4
  5. 5. Ecosystem Services in SURUMER Carbon Biodiversity Social welfare Quality Biomass Habitat quality (flora, fauna, aquatic) Income Quantity Latex Pollination Workload Evaporation Sequestration rates Animal husbandry Payments for ESS Transpiration Sedimentation Non-Timber Forest Products Conservation Value Erosion Export Human-Wildlife conflicts Tourism Water SURUMER – Sustainable Rubber Cultivation in the Mekong Region 5
  6. 6. Stakeholders define focus topics Photo: G. Langenberger SURUMER – Sustainable Rubber Cultivation in the Mekong Region 6
  7. 7. Integrated scenario assessment framework ESS covered by SURUMER Stakeholder Process Stakeholder Initiated Alternative Scenarios Water Management Land Management & Bio-Physical Modeling Ecosystem Service Assessments Socio-economic Evaluation Biodiversity Interdisciplinary Trade-off Assessment Stakeholder Validation Transdisciplinary Evaluation Process SURUMER – Sustainable Rubber Cultivation in the Mekong Region 7
  8. 8. Focus region Naban River Watershed National Nature Reserve, Xishuangbanna Prefecture, Yunnan Province, PR China 270 km² Berkhoff 2014 SURUMER – Sustainable Rubber Cultivation in the Mekong Region 8
  9. 9. e.g. Carbon pools aboveground biomass Photo: K. Martin dead organic matter Photo: K. Martin belowground biomass Photo: R. Golbon latex yield Photo: LIU Jingxin Bhagabati 2013, Li et al. 2008, Huber 2013 SURUMER – Sustainable Rubber Cultivation in the Mekong Region 9
  10. 10. Landscape Level: Carbon storage total carbon stored in NRWNNR landscape: 2.4 million Mg C equivalent to 8.8 million Mg CO2 worth 51.9 million € (www.eex.com, 5.90 €/Mg of CO2, price as of February 4th 2014) Häuser, tbp SURUMER – Sustainable Rubber Cultivation in the Mekong Region 10
  11. 11. scenario evaluation: Carbon storage 2025 GoGreen go green scenario <-> land use 2006 discount rate 8% + 1.8 million € Business as Usual business as usual <-> land use 2006 discount rate 8% - 0.3 million € Cotter et al. 2014, Gibreel et al. 2014, Ecological Indicators SURUMER – Sustainable Rubber Cultivation in the Mekong Region 11
  12. 12. Plot-Level: Trade-off Analysis Latex production (Mg/ha) Rubber C sequestration vs Latex yield: non-linear relationship 25 300 Trees/ha 450 Trees/ha 1000 Trees/ha 20 15 10 5 0 0 20 40 60 80 C sequestration (Mg C/ha) SURUMER – Sustainable Rubber Cultivation in the Mekong Region 100 Cadisch et al. 2013 12
  13. 13. Off–site effects: Sediment retention sediment retention removing cost of sediments Photo: L. Seitz Photo: G. Langenberger Photo: R. Schaufelberger SURUMER – Sustainable Rubber Cultivation in the Mekong Region 13
  14. 14. Take home messages ESS Assessments profit greatly from multi- and interdisciplinary approaches in modeling and analysis -Identification of trade-off effects -Multiple points of view Involvement of stakeholders is essential for the implementation and relevance of research projects -Extension, personal interest, dissemination - Identification of research needs - Consideration of off-site effects SURUMER – Sustainable Rubber Cultivation in the Mekong Region 14
  15. 15. China Agricultural University University of Hohenheim Humboldt University of Berlin University of Stuttgart Thank you! Leibnitz University Hannover Lao PDR Tongji University Shanghai Naban River Watershed National Nature Reserve Centre for Chinese Agricultural Policy CAS, Beijing World Agroforestry Centre, China-Program EFTAS, Münster Beijing Normal University Yunnan State Farms Groups Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden Tsinghua University Beijing http://surumer.uni-hohenheim.de SURUMER – Sustainable Rubber Cultivation in the Mekong Region 15
  16. 16. Economy and socio-economy Biodiversity Biophysical processes PMC Subprojects in SURUMER Remote sensing data and land use maps SP2: Local water balance SP1: Carbon dynamics SP3: Water management Integrated valuation of ESF/ESS SP4: Pollinator services SP6: Nature reserve conflicts SP5: Agroecological diversification and sustainability assessment SP7: Welfare economic valuation SP9: Microeconomic analysis SP8: Knowledge transfer management SURUMER – Sustainable Rubber Cultivation in the Mekong Region 16
  17. 17. Scenario 2 Scenario 1 Scenario 3 SP 8 and all Stakeholder Process Scenario groups Stakeholder Workshops Framework for ESS Assessment Scenario – modeling adaptation Scenario I SP 2 SP 3 WaterMT SP1 LUCIA SP 5 Bio-physical Assessment SP 6 Stakeholder Workshops SP 9 micro-economic analysis SP 7 Welfare Economic Valuation PMC InVest SP 4 Impact Assessment stakeholder adaptation SP 8 and all Stakeholder Process SURUMER – Sustainable Rubber Cultivation in the Mekong Region
  18. 18. 1. Water: Provisioning – surface water, non-drinking Benefit Biophysical ESF • • • • • precipitation Evaporation Run off Land Cover Transpiration value Aquatic food ressources Benefit ESS • workshop InVest Hydroelectric power generation value InVest Water yield • Benefit Provisioning of surface water for non-drinking purposes Agricultural use • • • value workshop Agricultural use Aquatic food resources Hydroelectric power generation SURUMER – Sustainable Rubber Cultivation in the Mekong Region • • • Hydropower Irrigation of rice paddies Nutritional diversification
  19. 19. 5. Carbon: Regulation – Ventilation and transpiration Benefit Biophysical local water balance value workshop ESF • • • • precipitation Evaporation Land Cover Transpiration ESS • • • Photosynthesis Biomass production Gas exchange rates • Benefit analysis value CO² fixation InVest Benefit Mediation of gas flows transpiration rates • • • value workshop Biomass accumulation Rubber yield Water resources SURUMER – Sustainable Rubber Cultivation in the Mekong Region • • • Income Quality of water resources Improved management options

×