Highlighting ecosystem services through local heritage and biodiversity 09.10.10


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session 2 plans, strategies and legal instruments
the importance and role of local biodiversity and heritage plans
by Shirley Clerkin heritage officer Monaghan CoCo

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Highlighting ecosystem services through local heritage and biodiversity 09.10.10

  1. 1. Highlighting ecosystem services through local heritage and biodiversity plans Shirley Clerkin Heritage Officer Monaghan County Council 9 th October 2010 Tailors Hall, Dublin.
  2. 2. Breathe in. It’s free but not worthless.
  3. 3. Excerpt from TEEB for local and regional policy makers
  4. 4. Heritage Plan ACTION CONSERVATION Baseline data collection Ecological surveys FACTS Issues identified Actions developed Determine value to human well-being BENEFIT Awareness Understanding ADVOCACY
  5. 6. Issue Loss of wetlands Wetlands are an important habitat in Co.Monaghan and a major contributor to Monaghan’s biodiversity. Part of the character of a drumlin landscape is inter-drumlin wetlands. They act as flood buffers, water filters and as habitats for plants, invertebrates and birds. Development of a construction rubble / topsoil recycling scheme. Habitat survey of Co. Monaghan to determine types and extent of wetlands. Development of policies by MCC on development and wetlands. Awareness campaign on functions and value of wetlands. Training for MCC staff. Enforcement of legislation Infilling of interdrumlin and lakeshore wetlands. Lack of awareness of ecological, and hydrological value at public and local authority level. Illegal infilling without waste permit. Lack of appreciation. Inadequate enforcement of environmental legislation. Loss of flora and fauna associated with wetland habitats. Loss of landscape character. Comment on issue Opportunities for action Issue
  6. 7. Action through Heritage Plan <ul><li>Survey to determine extent and types of wetlands to provide baseline biodiversity information </li></ul><ul><li>Deliver an awareness campaign on functions and values of wetlands </li></ul><ul><li>Hold training on evaluating impacts of development on wildlife and habitats </li></ul><ul><li>Identify, describe and map the features and elements of an ecological network </li></ul><ul><li>Develop an LBAP </li></ul>
  7. 8. Implement HP projects <ul><li>Survey to determine extent and types of wetlands to provide baseline biodiversity information: </li></ul><ul><li>Monaghan Wetland Survey 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Answer key questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How much wetland in Monaghan? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What types of wetland habitat? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is rate of loss or impact of infilling? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>13km squares surveyed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss between 2000 – 2006 estimated 10% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Result: real figures about problem of habitat loss </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. Implement HP projects <ul><li>Monaghan Fen Surveys 2007 & 2008 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unique habitat type; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>under recorded in Monaghan context; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>often found as a component of larger wetland ecosystem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>25 square km surveyed. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. Linking conservation objectives to ecosystem services <ul><ul><li>Ecosystem services information provided through info on: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Habitat and plant species survey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Habitats for species; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>biomass regulating waste water treatment; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>regulating pollination. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Groundwater and hydrology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>provisioning fresh water; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>regulating extreme events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peat depth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulating Carbon sequestration </li></ul></ul>
  10. 13. Site management influences ecosystem service provision <ul><li>Record damage and threats to survey sites </li></ul><ul><li>What are the environmental limits? </li></ul><ul><li>Damage affects ecological integrity of ecosystem and ability of site to function and provide services. </li></ul><ul><li>How much are these services worth? </li></ul>
  11. 14. Infilling / dumping on survey sites Number of sites impacted Heritage Plan action 12 20% 2009 Dragonfly and water beetle survey (59 sites surveyed) 8 20% 2008 Dragonfly Survey ( 39 sites surveyed) 6 18% 2008 Monaghan Fen Survey (34 sites surveyed) 20 48% Including 8 pNHAs 2007 Monaghan Fen Survey (42 sites surveyed)
  12. 15. From Branding Biodiversity. The new nature message. www.futerra.co.uk
  13. 17. Evaluating benefits of Monaghan’s wetlands <ul><li>Heritage Plan project. Finalised May 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosystem economics project </li></ul><ul><li>To determine economic value of a number of wetlands in the county using ecosystem services approach. </li></ul>
  14. 18. Sites for evaluation <ul><ul><li>1. Monaghan Blackwater Floodplain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Dromore River and wetlands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Castle Leslie constructed wetlands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Grove Lough </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Cornaglare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6. Eshbrack Blanket Bog, Bragan </li></ul></ul>
  15. 19. Benefits transfer approach <ul><li>Monetary figure represent savings </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosystem services are bundled together for each site </li></ul><ul><li>Existing value evidence is used and matched against Monaghan’s wetlands </li></ul><ul><li>Savings generated over 50 years for the six wetlands studied range from 10,000 euro to 2.9million . </li></ul>
  16. 20. Factors which affect “economic value” or “savings” <ul><li>Ecological classification is very general - does not account for mosaic habitats </li></ul><ul><li>Wetland size </li></ul><ul><li>Number of substitute sites available </li></ul><ul><li>Size of the affected population </li></ul><ul><li>Income </li></ul>
  17. 22. Savings - 453 euro per year?
  18. 23. Mapping the ecological network Monaghan Wetland Map project
  19. 24. Linking habitat to ecosystem services <ul><li>Use wetland evaluation template from ecosystem economics project </li></ul><ul><li>Input data from MWM </li></ul><ul><li>Cumulative “savings” or value of total wetland natural capital in Monaghan </li></ul><ul><li>Only problem is “substitutes” </li></ul><ul><li>Is there always a substitute wetland so long as there are two sites? </li></ul>
  20. 26. Total value of wetlands in Monaghan? <ul><li>Typical site : Cornaglare </li></ul><ul><li>Range 2,170 – 5,040 euro per year of savings. </li></ul><ul><li>Wetland survey has identified 500 wetlands. </li></ul><ul><li>Guesstimate - Take half – 250 </li></ul><ul><li>250 x 2,170 = 545,500 per year savings </li></ul><ul><li>250 x 5,040 = 1,260,000 per year savings </li></ul><ul><li>Over fifty years at 0% discount - 63,000,000 at higher value </li></ul>
  21. 27. Shirley Clerkin 047 73722 [email_address] Monaghan County Council would like to acknowledge the ongoing financial and technical support of the Heritage Council.