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Sasakawa-Africa Association/ Global 2000 SG 2000 Agricultural Program in Africa: Our Future Directions By Christopher Dowswell SAA Executive Director—Programs


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Sasakawa-Africa Association/ Global 2000 SG 2000 Agricultural Program in Africa: Our Future Directions By Christopher Dowswell SAA Executive Director—Programs

  1. 1. Sasakawa-Africa Association/ Global 2000 SG 2000 Agricultural Program in Africa: Our Future Directions By Christopher Dowswell SAA Executive Director—Programs
  2. 2. Sasakawa Africa Association <ul><li>SAA Vision </li></ul><ul><li>A food-secure rural Africa with increasing numbers of prospering smallholder commercial farmers. </li></ul><ul><li>SAA Mission </li></ul><ul><li>To transform African extension advisory services to address food security among resource-poor farmers and provide greater economic benefit to commercially oriented smallholder farmers from agriculture value chains. </li></ul><ul><li>______________ </li></ul><ul><li>SAA Established in 1986 and registered in Geneva, Switzerland, as a Swiss humanitarian NGO. </li></ul><ul><li>Offices in Geneva, Tokyo, Addis Ababa, Bamako, Kano and Kampala </li></ul><ul><li>Partnership with the Carter Center’s Global 2000 Program, Atlant., Sasakawa-Global 2000 agricultural projects have operated in 15 sub-Saharan countries. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mali Guinea Burkina Faso Sudan Ethiopia Eritrea Uganda Tanzania Mozambique Zambia Malawi Nigeria Ghana Togo Benin Active Concluded SG 2000 Agricultural Program
  4. 4. Sasakawa-Global 2000 Maize Demonstration Yields Ghana t/ha * Primarily using ybrids Nigeria* Mali/ Burkina Faso Mozambique Uganda Ethiopia* Malawi* 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Demontration Plots National Average
  5. 5. Netherlands Vietnam Japan UK China France Brazil USA India South Africa Cuba Benin Malawi Ethiopia Mali Burkina Faso Nigeria Tanzania Mozambique Guinea Ghana Uganda Kg/ha Source: FAOSTAT, July 2003 0 100 200 300 400 Fertilizer nutrient consumption per hectare of arable land in selected countries, 2002 500 600
  6. 6. SAA Transformational Thrusts <ul><li>SAA is an evidence-based organization, whose program/project activities are measurable, scalable, and sustainable. </li></ul><ul><li>SAA offers a twin-track anti-hunger/anti-poverty strategy </li></ul><ul><li>In smallholder development work, SAA advances the fullest expression of the value chain. </li></ul><ul><li>In food security work, SAA give priority to farmers previously marginalized from extension, with primary emphasis on women farmers. </li></ul><ul><li>SAA focuses on food crops with good caloric and/or nutritive value and relatively low perishability. In livestock our focus is on improving crop/livestock systems. </li></ul><ul><li>SAA emphasizes development of agricultural extension advisory services where farmers and their organizations assume greater responsibility for directing and financing local operations as a key strategy to assure sustainability. </li></ul>
  7. 7. SAA Staffing Changes <ul><li>About half of the 60 professional staff are new and were hired through a competitive recruitment process. </li></ul><ul><li>A high caliber staff has been recruited that is younger and has a broader range of skill sets, in keeping with the value chain approach. </li></ul><ul><li>A higher degree of gender balance achieved among professional staff; about 40% are female (compared to 10% two years ago). </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Rice Value Chain Yields can be increased 2-3 times MARKET = $125/100 kg PRODUCTION POSTHARVEST CLEANING & STORAGE PROCESSING <ul><li>Rice harvester/reaper </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical thresher </li></ul><ul><li>Grain cleaner </li></ul><ul><li>-Improved silos </li></ul><ul><li>Grain bags </li></ul><ul><li>Milling </li></ul><ul><li>Grading </li></ul><ul><li>Grading </li></ul><ul><li>Packaging </li></ul><ul><li>Group formation & sensitization </li></ul><ul><li>Improved: </li></ul><ul><li>Seed varieties </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer use </li></ul><ul><li>-Weed, insect & pest control </li></ul><ul><li>Improved postharvest handling: </li></ul><ul><li>Timely collection of crops </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce labor, especially for women & children </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize storage insects and pest losses </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain quality </li></ul><ul><li>Clean, debris-free grain for processing </li></ul><ul><li>Collective marketing </li></ul>+$10 / 100 kg +$35 / 100 kg = $30 / 100 kg +$20 / 100 kg +$30 / 100 kg
  9. 9. Theme 1: Crop Productivity <ul><ul><li>Establish participatory, smallholder farmer-driven, extension learning platforms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move beyond standardized technology packages to offer farmers more technological options (in terms of cost, outcomes, and associated risks). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reach historically underserved smallholders, especially women, who have the greatest “gaps” in productivity information. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of more rigorous and dynamic ME&L systems to monitor and evaluate field testing program data, for use, especially by researchers, but also by other stakeholders. </li></ul><ul><li>Generate a community-based extension model with revenue generation capacity to cover variable costs associated with field demonstration programs. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Theme 2: Postharvest & Agro-processing <ul><li>Strengthen extension capacity to demonstrate & provide training in post-production value-enhancing technologies. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify, verify, and adapt improved value-adding equipment and storage structures. </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen capacity of local fabricators/manufacturers to build and supply recommended postharvest and agro-processing equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Support development of networks of private service providers that offer mechanized services to smallholders in postharvest handling and agro-processing processes. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Enterprise Development (Service Delivery & Maintenance) Grating Service Provider: Nigeria, Benin & Ghana Threshing Service Provider: Mali Mobile Rice Mill: Uganda Threshing Service Provider: Ethiopia
  12. 12. Theme 3: Public-private partnerships and market access for smallholder producers <ul><li>Help private agribusinesses and farmer organizations to build their capacity to assume greater responsibility for technology transfer activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen smallholder farmer associations as economic units to improve capacity to engage in commercial markets for inputs, service provision (inputs, postharvest, agro-processing), add value to basic food crops, and marketing. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Strategic Partnerships Policy Makers & Investors Financial Institutions Agri Business Enterprises
  14. 14. Theme 4: Human Resource Development <ul><li>SAA has provided hands-on in-service training to more than 20,000 extension workers in 15 African countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning by doing remains our major pedagogical pillar. </li></ul><ul><li>The Sasakawa Africa Fund for Extension Education (SAFE) program facilitates College and University degrees to mid-career extension officers: 3,000 in 10 countries have benefited from this program. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Theme 5: Monitoring, Evaluation, Learning and Sharing <ul><li>SAA monitors & evaluates its activities in order to: </li></ul><ul><li>Get feedback on what is working and what is not </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide timely information to staff and partners to: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Guide decisions making for modifications & corrective actions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Promote credibility & confidence to help justify and attract investments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assess achievement of outcomes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify potentially promising practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enable evidence-based reporting of progress, results & impacts to policy makers and development practitioners </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. SAA Investors <ul><li>Private Foundations </li></ul><ul><li>This category is major source of funding for SAA., including NF, and new investors, e.g., BMGF, AGRA </li></ul><ul><li>National Governments </li></ul><ul><li>Ear-marked financial support from partner governments, e.g., the 8 states of northern Nigeria. </li></ul><ul><li>Official Development Assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Partnership & Project support by e.g., IFAD, JICA, WFP-P4P, USAID, CIDA </li></ul><ul><li>Private Sector </li></ul><ul><li> Partner with private agribusinesses, large and small, for technical backstopping and cost sharing to help support farmer training and demonstration programs of technologies of mutual interest. </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Village-based extension workers need to develop a revenue model that permits them to generate sufficient income to cover local operating costs. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Asante </li></ul>Thank you MERCI DE VOTRE ATTENTION Asante sana