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Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice): A CGIAR research center and pan-African association of member countries

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Harold Roy-Macauley's presentation on "Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice): A CGIAR research center and pan-African association of member countries" to the World Bank delegation from Côte d'Ivoire led by Mr Pierre Laporte, World Bank Country Director for Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea, and Togo based in Abidjan, visited AfricaRice headquarters on 15 July 2016. The other members of the delegation were Mr Abdoulaye Touré, Lead Agricultural Economist and Task Team Leader of WAAPP-World Bank (Africa Bureau); and Mr Taleb Ould Sid Ahmed, Senior Communications Officer. Mr Hiroshi Hiraoka, Senior Agriculture Economist, AFTA2, World Bank and member of the Coalition for African Rice Development (CARD) Steering Committee also accompanied the delegation.

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Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice): A CGIAR research center and pan-African association of member countries

  1. 1. Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice) A CGIAR research center and pan-African association of member countries
  2. 2. Importance of rice in SSA Fastest growing food staple: Demand growing at > 6% per year – faster than any other food staple Strategic for food security: Most important energy source in W Africa & Madagascar and 2nd most important in Africa Impact on economies: Local production covers about 60% of demand (imports per year at >US$ 5 billion) Important for women: Main labor force in SSA’s rainfed ecologies (sowing to processing & marketing) Viable career for youth: The rice sector can employ many of the 17 million young people who enter SSA’s job market. Huge potential: Africa has resources to produce enough quality rice to feed itself and to export
  3. 3. Rice trends in SSA Indicator 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Production (million t) 8,357 10,497 11,655 12,829 12,195 12,489 13,158 14,464 Consumption (million t) 16,978 17,758 19,644 21,456 22,786 24,438 25,529 26,098 Imports (million t) 8,446 7,291 8,196 9,136 11,942 11,840 12,545 12,620 Average yield (t/ha of milled rice) 1.04 1.22 1.33 1.40 1.38 1.35 1.35 1.35 Self-sufficiency ratio in SSA (%) 0.50 0.59 0.59 0.59 0.51 0.52 0.51 0.55 Source: USDA data
  4. 4. 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Milliontons Source: USDA • Rice imports into Africa showed signs of stabilization at about 8 million tons before 2010 • But resurgence of high rice imports since 2011 Imports
  5. 5. • AfricaRice and partners have developed a strategic plan (2011-2020) to boost rice production in SSA • This plan was approved by AfricaRice Council of Ministers in 2011. • The Strategic Plan is being implemented with many partners across the research to development continuum. • Vision: increase rice self-sufficiency ratio to almost 90% in 2020 leading to a reduction in imports of about 5 million t per year AfricaRice 2011-2020 Strategic Plan
  6. 6. Brief history of AfricaRice • 1970: Created as West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA/ADRAO) by 11 African countries • 1987: HQ established in M’bé, near Bouaké, Côte d’Ivoire • 2004: HQ temporarily relocated to Cotonou, Benin, due to Ivorian crisis • 2009: Name changed to “Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice)” by Council of Ministers • 2013: Total of 25 member countries across Africa • Mar 2015: Board decides to return HQ to Côte d’Ivoire in phases • Sep 2015: Management & support services begin operations from new HQ building in Abidjan (offered by Ivorian Gov.) • July-Sep 2016: 1st wave of scientists to return to M’bé • 2017: 2nd and final wave of scientists to return to M’bé
  7. 7. Vision and priorities • Vision – A pan-African center of excellence for rice research, development and capacity strengthening • Priorities – Strengthening partnerships – Developing capacity of rice value chain actors, including youth and women – Adopting innovation platform (IP) approaches in rice value chain – Improving access of rice producers to markets – Integrating rice science in the policy agenda of countries – Increasing investments in research for development of the rice sector
  8. 8. Key role • Produces international public goods (knowledge, technologies and policy advice) relating to rice for Africa • Provides technical support and advises member States on critical rice production and marketing issues • Builds capacity through rice task forces • Concentrates R&D efforts in rice hubs set up across Africa • Mobilizes global knowledge through Global Rice Science Partnership • Promotes uptake of research products through links with development activities • Holds largest rice collection in Africa (more than 19,620 accessions)
  9. 9. Organogram
  10. 10. Locations BENIN NIGERIA COTE D’IVOIRE TANZANIA SENEGAL SENEGAL MADAGASCAR LIBERIA & SIERRA LEONE
  11. 11. Mechanisms adopted by AfricaRice Global Rice Science Partnership Thematic task forces Rice sector development hubs
  12. 12. Multi & Bilateral Donors Policy makers Govt/Public Extension NGOs Farmer associations Task Forces Rice Sector Development Hubs Dev. partners Policy Gender Processing & Value Addition Leveragingglobalrice knowledge Consumers Retailers Wholesalers Millers Processors Creditors Farmers Seed producers Input suppliers Mechanization Agronomy Breeding
  13. 13. Scalable innovations along the rice value chain
  14. 14. Achievement highlights: varieties > 200 improved rice varieties released in last 30 years in Africa: • High-performing and climate-smart ‘ARICA’ varieties – ARICA 1 to ARICA 5: About 15-30% higher yield than NERICAs – ARICA 6 to ARICA 11: Stress-tolerant (iron toxicity, cold, salinity) high-yielding • Popular ‘NERICA’ varieties • Area under upland NERICAs : 1.4 million ha in 2013. • NERICA adoption has lifted about 8 million people out of poverty in 16 countries • High-yielding ‘Sahel’ varieties for irrigated ecologies • In Senegal, average yield increased by 872 kg per ha and incomes by $227 per cropping season. Present value of net benefits of Sahel adoption $ 24.6 million • Hybrids • More than 50 hybrids developed by AfricaRice show 15-20% yield advantage compared with inbred check. Two hybrids selected for release in Senegal in 2016. New set of hybrids being tested in several countries..
  15. 15. Some mega varieties Variety name Ecology Yield (t/ha) Aroma ARICA 1 Lowland 6.0 ARICA 3 Lowland 7.8 ARICA 5 Upland 3.8 NERICA 1 Upland 4.5 NERICA 4 Upland 4.5 NERICA 6 Upland 4.5 NERICA L-19 Lowland 6.0 NERICA L-20 Lowland 6.0 ORYLUX 1 Irrigated 8.0 Aromatic ORYLUX 3 Irrigated 6.3 Aromatic ORYLUX 6 Irrigated 6.5 Aromatic
  16. 16. Good agricultural practices (GAP) basket development Intervention Typical farmers’ practice and problems GAP component Requirement for research? Variety choice Old modern varieties New varieties Yes Land preparation Not bunded, not well leveled Bunding & leveling No Sowing Random transplanting & delayed sowing Transplanting at optimum density, time Yes Weeding Single herbicide & two hand-weedings Single herbicide & weeding with mechanical weeder No Fertilizer application Very variable Site-specific nutrient management Yes Water management Permanent standing water Timing of drainage before harvesting No
  17. 17. Crop management decision support tool: RiceAdvice • Allows rice farmers to apply mineral fertilizer more efficiently to optimize production and profits and reduce waste • Helps rice farmers identify the best option for fertilizers to be purchased, based on nutrient requirement and fertilizer prices • Farmers can increase rice yield by about 20% and increase their profit margin by about $200 per hectare per season
  18. 18. Improved land & water management Smart-valleys approach • A low-cost, participatory and sustainable approach to develop inland valleys for rice-based systems • Major advantages: increased water retention in farmers’ fields, less risk of fertilizer losses due to flooding and increased rice yields • In Togo and Benin, average rice yields of farmers using Smart-valleys approach more than doubled from 1.5–2 to 3.5– 4.5 t/ha • Impact studies indicate the potential adoption rate is 67%
  19. 19. Mechanization • Motorized weeders • Threshers • Combine harvesters
  20. 20. Improved rice processing - GEM rice parboiler • An improved rice parboiling system called GEM, combined with training and innovation platform approach: improving the livelihood of more than a 1000 rural women in Benin • It is energy-efficient, shortens processing time, reduces drudgery, and does not expose the women parboilers to heat burns • With GEM, average monthly quantity of parboiled rice produced as well as the average monthly income from this activity more than doubled Milling machine
  21. 21. Decision support: weed management • Total rice production losses attributable to weeds in SSA estimated at US$ 1.5 billion • Tool for identifying major rice weeds of Africa • Valuable resource for professionals involved in research, training and management of rice weeds in SSA
  22. 22. From production focus to value chain focus Pioneering work on experimental auctions and value chain development in Senegal Packaging, branding and labeling of locally produced rice for urban and niche markets to enhance consumer attractiveness to locally produced rice in Glazou IP Parboiled rice “Riz Saveur” in Glazoue IP 
  23. 23. Private sector: partners for scaling up • Bringing together small-to-medium (SMEs) seed enterprises and scientists • Collaborating with private sector on certified rice seed production • FASO KABA in Mali, • NASECO Seed Company in partnership with NARO in Uganda; • NAFASO in Burkina Faso • ASI thresher manufacturing in partnership with private sector/SME blacksmiths in Nigeria, Cote d’Ivoire, Senegal
  24. 24. Youth entrepreneurship in rice value chain: conceptual framework • Competence and skills for youths and women in agribusiness enhanced • Significant return on investment when improved rice technologies, innovations and services are combined • Coaching & mentoring youth and women to take lead role in modernizing the rice sector Quality rice seed AWM SMART-valleys Weeders RiceAdvice ASI Thresher GEM rice Parboiler Packaging Branding
  25. 25. AfricaRice reviving rice sector in West Africa under World Bank facilitated WAAPP Sierra Leone • Training of national research staff (seed production, data analysis, IP approach, breeding techniques) - highly appreciated by WAAPP missions • 5-year (2013-2017) rice research strategic plan for Rokupr research station established • Rice value chain database developed; plan to upgrade the value chain developed • Several scalable technologies. incl. improved varieties, ASI thresher, mechanical weeders and GEM parboiler • Six upland NERICAs and ROK 34 (Pa Kiamp) released • Post-Ebola crisis response: 22 t of upland NERICA 4 seed distributed and about 1000 t of lowland NERICA L19 seed rice to over 20,000 smallholder farmers
  26. 26. Discussions with World Bank representative in Liberia on the milled samples of rice varieties AfricaRice WAAPP-Liberia project coordinator showing to Liberian President the locally produced aromatic rice (she bought all the rice that was exhibited!) AfricaRice reviving rice sector in West Africa under World Bank facilitated WAAPP Liberia • Aromatic rice produced, processed and packaged in Liberia ready for market • National scientists and extension staff trained in breeding, land & water management technologies, seed production and data management • Scholarships awarded to post-graduate students on rice breeding • Improved rice seed made available to farmers to jump-start agriculture after Ebola crisis
  27. 27. AfricaRice has a joint initiative with CORAF/WECARD to produce breeder seed of improved varieties and conduct multi- environment trials under the Africa-wide Rice Breeding Task Force. . Supporting countries in rice breeder seed production
  28. 28. Thank you

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