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Africa Riceing : Mobilizing and applying science and complementary resources to achieve self–sufficiency in rice in Africa

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AfricaRice Director General Dr Harold Roy-Macauley leading the panel discussion on "Africa Riceing : Mobilizing and applying science and complementary resources to achieve self–sufficiency in rice in Africa." at the 7th Africa Agriculture Science Week and FARA General Assembly, Kigali, Rwanda, on 14 June 2016

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Africa Riceing : Mobilizing and applying science and complementary resources to achieve self–sufficiency in rice in Africa

  1. 1. Africa Riceing Mobilizing and applying science and complementary resources to achieve self–sufficiency in rice in Africa Harold Roy-Macauley, Director General Africa Rice Center Reference document: 39BOTPC10
  2. 2. 0.49 0.91 0.57 0.96 0.80 0.88 0.25 0.77 0.39 0.32 0.20 0.40 0.18 0.05 0.30 0.31 0.19 0.63 0.67 0.31 0.64 0.05 0.49 Self-sufficiency ratio in selected countries
  3. 3. Investment for reaching self-sufficiency across sub-Saharan Africa, and its return Note: This does not include additional benefits from higher rice prices obtained from improved quality rice, value addition and by-products Item Value Investment $22 billion Returns $61 billion Return ratio 2.8:1
  4. 4. How can we achieve self-sufficiency by 2025? Increase the rice harvested area by about 6 M ha (1 M ha irrigated and 5 M ha rainfed lowland) is required to meet demand in 2025
  5. 5. Technologies and Innovations: Water and land management • Smart-Valleys  30-40% yield increased • Motorized pumps  Investments in motorized pumps benefit 185 million people in SSA and generate net revenues of up to USD 22 billion per year
  6. 6. Technologies and Innovations: RiceAdvice RiceAdvice - an Android app-based decision support tool (does not require internet connection) • Increasing rice yields through context specific agronomy recommendations • Up to 1 t/ha yield increase compared to farmer’s practices in Senegal River valley and Kano in Nigeria Female youth interacting with a female rice farmer on RiceAdvice in the Senegal River Valley.
  7. 7. Technologies and Innovations: Commonly selected weeders by women rice farmers Ring hoe Women farmers using the ring hoe in the Upland Straight-spike weeder Women farmers using the straight-spike weeder in the Lowlands Use of these weeders reduce weeding labor input by 50% Multiplication effect of use of weeders by over 4 households for every one that accessed a weeder
  8. 8. • Double-row Indian-type weeder  Indian-type double-row weeder preferred for its effective weed control • Double-row Japanese-type weeder  Japanese type for its ease of operation, stability and light weight • Hybrid prototype motorized weeder (combining key advantages of Indian & Japanese motorized weeders) with private sector artisans under development Technologies and innovations: Motorized weeder for the Lowlands
  9. 9. Technologies and innovations: High-yielding climate-resilient varieties • AfricaRice has upgraded popular rice varieties with Sub1 gene responsible for submergence (flood) tolerance in rice – WITA 4 sub1 – NERICA-L-19 sub1 • Submergence tolerant varieties yielded 10x higher than other varieties under submerged (flooded) conditions • Flood-risk maps exist for targeted dissemination
  10. 10. Technologies and innovations: High-yielding, climate-resilient varieties: ARICAs, NERICAs & aromatic varieties ARICA Breeder seed production with CORAF/WECARD • ARICAs 1 - 5 has 30 – 50% yield increase over the NERICAs and are drought and disease tolerant. Suitable for Upland & Lowlands • ARICA 6 – 11 in addition to yields have stress tolerance (Fe toxicity, cold, & salinity)
  11. 11. Newly released drought tolerant upland varieties (FARO 63, FARO 64 & FARO 65) in Nigeria FARO 63
  12. 12. Hybrid rice: 5 best hybrid varieties in Nigeria & Senegal Variety Yield(t/ha) %Yield increase over Faro 44 %Yield increase over Faro 52 %Yield increase over Faro 57 ARS010H 11.02 39.49 18.87 17.11 ARS017H 10.66 34.93 14.99 13.28 ARS033H 10.52 33.16 13.48 11.80 ARS034H 11.22 52.89 21.03 19.23 ARS035H 10.68 35.18 15.21 13.50 Sahel 108 8.42 FARO 44 7.90 FARO 52 9.27 FARO 57 9.41 Means 10.08
  13. 13. Certified rice seed production: FASO KABA in Mali • 135.562 tonne of certified rice seed of 9 varieties produced in collaboration with FASO-KABA in Mali Private sector engagement: Quality rice seed production & marketing Certified rice seed production: NASECO Seed Company in collaboration with NARO in Uganda • 6,450 tonne rice variety NamChe-3 and NamChe-6 was produced by and delivered to farmers ADAG-ANII seed growers in Uganda • 3 tonne NamChe-1 and Namche-6 produced NERICA 4 foundation seed at IER - Mali Longorala station in Sikasso
  14. 14. Private sector engagement: Quality rice seed production with seed enterprse SMEs Multiplication de la semence de Orylux 6
  15. 15. Multi-crop ASI thresher in partnership with private sector/artisan SMEs • 108 ASI /ATA rice thresher manufactured in Nigeria and by artisan SMEs and research • 47% (51 ASI/ATA Thresher) manufactured by private sector SMEs in Nigeria and Cote d’Ivoire • HANIGHA Nigeria Ltd. manufactured 41 ASI/ATA Threshers and used by farmers • Camara Ibrahima (Local artisan in Katiola) in Cote d’Ivoire manufactured 10 ATA Thresher and used by farmers • Senegal River valley already widely populated with ASI thresher ATAT /ASI threshers fabricated by Hanigha Nigeria Ltd. Threshing capacity: 2.5t/h ( suitable for irrigated rice) Mini – ASI Thresher 800 kg/h (suitable for rainfed rice cology) Hanigha Nigeria Ltd. Kaduna, Nigeria Chief executive Officer Charles Frimpong
  16. 16. GEM rice parboiler in the innovation platforms (IPs) in Glazoue & Malanville in Benin, and Nassarawa in Nigeria Traditional stove: high fuel consumption, smoke exposure, high grain loss and low product quality, low profit margin for women rice parboilers and traders GEM: low fuel consumption, low smoke exposure, low grain loss and high product quality, high profit margin, less drudgery for women. Production (Kg)/month Income (FCFA) / month Heat damaged grains (%) Whole grains (%) Chalky center (%) Impurities Parboiled rice without GEM & Training in IP 1,603 797,250 23.9 60 > 20 > 5 Parboiled rice with GEM & Training in IP 3,489 1,744,750 > 2 91 % 0 0 Milling machine
  17. 17. Packaging/branding of parboiled and milled rice in the innovation platforms (IPs) • Inclusive choice in developing brands for parboiled and milled rice in the IPs in Benin  Consumer attractive packaging/branding and labeling of locally produced rice for urban and niche markets Parboiled rice “Riz Saveur” in Glazoue IP Milled rice “Riz Saveur” in Glazoue IP Parboiled rice in Malanville IP Youths in the IPs
  18. 18. Technology / innovation generation and Out-scaling through IPs in rice sector Development Hubs ● Strong collaboration between AfricaRice and its implementing CGIAR partners - IWMI ● Africa-wide Task Forces working with the NARIs for introduction, validation and up- scaling of technologies and innovations through the innovation platforms (IPs) ● Active involvement of private sector operators, national seed services, farmer organizations, NGOs and development partners for the widespread dissemination of technologies and innovations ● Strong involvement of policy makers to create enabling conditions for out-scaling of technologies and innovations for the benefit of smallholders and entrepreneurs Rice sector Development Hubs: Core hubs & Satellite hubs
  19. 19. Youth Entrepreneurship in rice value chain: Conceptual Framework ● Competence and skills for youths and women in agribusiness enhanced ● Significant return on investment when improved rice technologies, innovations and services are combined ● Coaching & mentoring youth and women to take lead role in modernizing the rice sector Quality rice seed AWM SMART-valleys Weeders RiceAdvice ASI Thresher GEM rice Parboiler Packaging Branding
  20. 20. Thank you!

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