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ISLAMIC
ARCHITECTURE
Presence of Islamic religion in 1700
LATE ISLAMIC PERIOD: 1037 - 1918
INDO- ISLAMIC ARCHITECTRE …..!!!!
CHARACTERISTICS OF ISLAMIC ARCHITECTRE …..!!!!
AN ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE IS.. THE ARCHITECTURE WHICH DID
SERVE A RELIGIOUS FUNCTION OF
“ ISLAM ” – THE MOSQUE, THE TOMB, THE MADRESA.
ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE DEFERS FROM OTHER NON-ISLAMIC
ARCHITECTRE CREATIONS BY THEIR ARCHITECTURAL FORMS WHICH
IDENTIFIYS EXPRESSION OF CULTURE CREATED BY THE ISLAM.
IN ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURAL INVENTION CONCENTRATES IN THREE
MAJOR CONSTRUCTIONS, THE MOSQUES OR MASJID, TOMBS, AND THE
PALACES.
PLANING:
• TYPICAL CHARACTER OF ANY
OF ISLAMIC STRUCTURE IS HAVING
geometrical FORMS.
• THE CONCEPT OF CENTRAL
COURTYARD IN MOUSQUE IS BROUGHT
IN INDIA FROM ARABIC COUNTRIES.
ORIENTATIONS:
THE MAIN HOLY PLACE OF MOSQUE IS FACING TOWARDS
MACCA, WHICH IS IN West DIRECTION FROM INDIA SO THE MAIN WALL
OF SANCTURY IS ALSO TOWARDS west DIRECTION.
USE OF WATERBODY:
WATERBODY IS PLACED IN
THE CENTRE OF THE CENTRAL
COURTYARD WHICH IS USED BEFORE
ENTERING THE MAIN HOLY BUILDING
OF MOSQUE.
ELEMENTS:
ARCH,PLINTH,DOME, ARE THE
MAIN BASIC ELEMENTS OF ISLAMIC
ARCHITECTURE.
THE BASIC RULE OF THE
ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE IS TO
MEASURE THE DISTANCE BY AN ARCH
WHILE IN INDIAN ARCHITECTURE
BEAMS WERE USED FOR MEASURE
THE DISTANCE.
JAMI, SCREEN AND PARAPET:
THIN WALL WHICH IS
MADE BY GRILL PATTERENS
OF SYMMETRICAL DESIGN
WITH PARAPET WHICH IS USED
AS SCREENS.
ORNAMENTATION:
THIN WALL ,DOMES,
ARCHES, ALL ELEMENTS WERE
ORNAMENTED WITH NATURAL
COLOURS AND SYMMETRICAL
PATTERNS.
NICHE (MIHARAB)
• Miharab is the semicircular niche in the wall of mosque.
• The term was used by Islamic prophet Muhammad to
denote his own private prayer room FOR PRIVATE
WORSHIP.
COLUMN
• Columns were often combined with arches and beams,
creating a sense of harmony.
• Columns may support a roof or a beam, or they can be
purely decorative.
• A column has three main parts.
THE BASE: Most columns rest on a round or square base.
THE SHAFT: The main part of the column, the shaft, may be smooth,
fluted (grooved), or carved with designs.
THE CAPITAL: The top of the column may be simple or elaborately
decorated.
The capital of the column supports the upper portion of a building,
called the entablature.
ARCH
• Islamic architecture is characterized by arches which
are employed in all types of buildings.
• Earliest form of arches employed in Islamic
architecture were semi circular round arches.
MINARATES
• Minarate is a slim tower rising from the mosque.
• They vary in height, style and number.
• Minarates may be square, round or octagonal and are
usually covered with a pointed roof.
• Originally they are used as a high point and
traditionally as a decorative feature of the mosque.
IN ISLAMIC ARCHITECTRE THE OUTSIDE APPEARANCE OF THE
STRUCTURE IS OFTEN DEVELOPED TO THE EXTREAM.
ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT FEATURE OF ALL ISLAMIC
ARCHITECTURAL MONUMENTS IS THEIR FOCUS ON THE ENCLOSED SPACE,
ON THE INSIDE AS OPPOSED TO THE OUTSIDE BUILDING,
 CONSENTRATION OF THE INTERIOR:
INSTEAD OF DEFINING A PARTICULAR FUNCTION, THE DOME
APPEARS TO BE A GENERAL SYMBOL, SIGNIFYING POWER, THE ROYAL
CITY, THE FOCAL POINT OF ASSEMBLY.
IT CAN THUS SERVE BOTH RELIGIOUS AND SECULAR FUNCTIONS.
A DOME APPEAR OVER OF
A MASS OF A BUILDING.
IT IS GENERALLY VISIBLE FROM A
FAR.
THE DOME MAY INDICATE
A MOSQUE, A PALACE, OR A TOMB.
IT MAY COVER A
PRAYERHALL, A CHAMBER AT THE
END OF A RECEPTION HALL OR A
SQUARE ,CIRCULAR OR
OCTAGONAL TOMB.
 DOME AS A SYMBOL OF POWER:
 MUSLIMARCHITECTURE IS A HIDDEN ARCHITECTURE…!!
AT ALL THE TIMES AND IN THE REGIONS OF THE MUSLIM
WORLD WE CAN FIND “ HIDDEN ARCHITRCTURE ” – THAT IS,
ARCHITECTURE THAT TRULY EXSIST, NOT WHEN SEEN AS MONUMENT
OR SYMBOL VISIBLE TO ALL AND FROM ALL SIDES, BUT ONLY WHEN
ENTERED, PENETRATED AND EXPERIENCED FROM WITHIN.
 FORMS AND FUNCTIONS…!!
CLOSELY RELATED TO
THE CONCEPT OF ‘HIDDEN
ARCHITECTURE’
THERE ARE VERY FEW
FORMS IN ISLAMIC
ARCHITECTURE THAT CANNOT
BE ADAPTED FOR A VARIETY OF
PURPOSE.
THE STRUCTURES FUNCTION EQUALLY WELL AS PALACE,
MOSQUE, MADRESA OR PRIVATE DWELLINGS AT DIFFERENT TIME IN
DIFFERENT PLACE.
ISLAMIC BUILDING AUTOMATICALLY REVEAL BY ITS FORM, THE FUNCTION
IT SERVE.
 INTERIOR SPACE…!!
THE ENCLOSED SPACE,
DEFINED BY WALLS, ARCADES AND
VAULTS, IS THE MOST IMORTANT
ELEMENT OF ISLAMIC
ARCHITECTURE,
DECORATION IS DONE FOR
THE ARTICULATION AND
EMBELLISHMENT OF THE INTERIOR.
DECORATION IN ISLAMIC
ARCHITECTURE SERVES SEVERAL
FUNCTIONS, BUT ITS MAIN EFFECT
AND MAIN PURPOSE IS APPEAR TO BE
THE CREATION OF NON-TECTONIC
VALUES. IT MAKES THE ISLAMIC
ARCHITECURE DIFFERENT FROM THE
OTHER NON-ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE
OF OTHER RELIGIONS.
Islamic architecture

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Islamic architecture

  • 2. Presence of Islamic religion in 1700 LATE ISLAMIC PERIOD: 1037 - 1918
  • 4. CHARACTERISTICS OF ISLAMIC ARCHITECTRE …..!!!! AN ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE IS.. THE ARCHITECTURE WHICH DID SERVE A RELIGIOUS FUNCTION OF “ ISLAM ” – THE MOSQUE, THE TOMB, THE MADRESA. ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE DEFERS FROM OTHER NON-ISLAMIC ARCHITECTRE CREATIONS BY THEIR ARCHITECTURAL FORMS WHICH IDENTIFIYS EXPRESSION OF CULTURE CREATED BY THE ISLAM. IN ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURAL INVENTION CONCENTRATES IN THREE MAJOR CONSTRUCTIONS, THE MOSQUES OR MASJID, TOMBS, AND THE PALACES. PLANING: • TYPICAL CHARACTER OF ANY OF ISLAMIC STRUCTURE IS HAVING geometrical FORMS. • THE CONCEPT OF CENTRAL COURTYARD IN MOUSQUE IS BROUGHT IN INDIA FROM ARABIC COUNTRIES.
  • 5. ORIENTATIONS: THE MAIN HOLY PLACE OF MOSQUE IS FACING TOWARDS MACCA, WHICH IS IN West DIRECTION FROM INDIA SO THE MAIN WALL OF SANCTURY IS ALSO TOWARDS west DIRECTION. USE OF WATERBODY: WATERBODY IS PLACED IN THE CENTRE OF THE CENTRAL COURTYARD WHICH IS USED BEFORE ENTERING THE MAIN HOLY BUILDING OF MOSQUE. ELEMENTS: ARCH,PLINTH,DOME, ARE THE MAIN BASIC ELEMENTS OF ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE. THE BASIC RULE OF THE ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE IS TO MEASURE THE DISTANCE BY AN ARCH WHILE IN INDIAN ARCHITECTURE BEAMS WERE USED FOR MEASURE THE DISTANCE.
  • 6. JAMI, SCREEN AND PARAPET: THIN WALL WHICH IS MADE BY GRILL PATTERENS OF SYMMETRICAL DESIGN WITH PARAPET WHICH IS USED AS SCREENS. ORNAMENTATION: THIN WALL ,DOMES, ARCHES, ALL ELEMENTS WERE ORNAMENTED WITH NATURAL COLOURS AND SYMMETRICAL PATTERNS.
  • 7. NICHE (MIHARAB) • Miharab is the semicircular niche in the wall of mosque. • The term was used by Islamic prophet Muhammad to denote his own private prayer room FOR PRIVATE WORSHIP. COLUMN • Columns were often combined with arches and beams, creating a sense of harmony. • Columns may support a roof or a beam, or they can be purely decorative. • A column has three main parts. THE BASE: Most columns rest on a round or square base. THE SHAFT: The main part of the column, the shaft, may be smooth, fluted (grooved), or carved with designs. THE CAPITAL: The top of the column may be simple or elaborately decorated. The capital of the column supports the upper portion of a building, called the entablature.
  • 8. ARCH • Islamic architecture is characterized by arches which are employed in all types of buildings. • Earliest form of arches employed in Islamic architecture were semi circular round arches. MINARATES • Minarate is a slim tower rising from the mosque. • They vary in height, style and number. • Minarates may be square, round or octagonal and are usually covered with a pointed roof. • Originally they are used as a high point and traditionally as a decorative feature of the mosque.
  • 9. IN ISLAMIC ARCHITECTRE THE OUTSIDE APPEARANCE OF THE STRUCTURE IS OFTEN DEVELOPED TO THE EXTREAM. ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT FEATURE OF ALL ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURAL MONUMENTS IS THEIR FOCUS ON THE ENCLOSED SPACE, ON THE INSIDE AS OPPOSED TO THE OUTSIDE BUILDING,  CONSENTRATION OF THE INTERIOR:
  • 10. INSTEAD OF DEFINING A PARTICULAR FUNCTION, THE DOME APPEARS TO BE A GENERAL SYMBOL, SIGNIFYING POWER, THE ROYAL CITY, THE FOCAL POINT OF ASSEMBLY. IT CAN THUS SERVE BOTH RELIGIOUS AND SECULAR FUNCTIONS. A DOME APPEAR OVER OF A MASS OF A BUILDING. IT IS GENERALLY VISIBLE FROM A FAR. THE DOME MAY INDICATE A MOSQUE, A PALACE, OR A TOMB. IT MAY COVER A PRAYERHALL, A CHAMBER AT THE END OF A RECEPTION HALL OR A SQUARE ,CIRCULAR OR OCTAGONAL TOMB.  DOME AS A SYMBOL OF POWER:
  • 11.  MUSLIMARCHITECTURE IS A HIDDEN ARCHITECTURE…!! AT ALL THE TIMES AND IN THE REGIONS OF THE MUSLIM WORLD WE CAN FIND “ HIDDEN ARCHITRCTURE ” – THAT IS, ARCHITECTURE THAT TRULY EXSIST, NOT WHEN SEEN AS MONUMENT OR SYMBOL VISIBLE TO ALL AND FROM ALL SIDES, BUT ONLY WHEN ENTERED, PENETRATED AND EXPERIENCED FROM WITHIN.
  • 12.  FORMS AND FUNCTIONS…!! CLOSELY RELATED TO THE CONCEPT OF ‘HIDDEN ARCHITECTURE’ THERE ARE VERY FEW FORMS IN ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE THAT CANNOT BE ADAPTED FOR A VARIETY OF PURPOSE. THE STRUCTURES FUNCTION EQUALLY WELL AS PALACE, MOSQUE, MADRESA OR PRIVATE DWELLINGS AT DIFFERENT TIME IN DIFFERENT PLACE. ISLAMIC BUILDING AUTOMATICALLY REVEAL BY ITS FORM, THE FUNCTION IT SERVE.
  • 13.  INTERIOR SPACE…!! THE ENCLOSED SPACE, DEFINED BY WALLS, ARCADES AND VAULTS, IS THE MOST IMORTANT ELEMENT OF ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE, DECORATION IS DONE FOR THE ARTICULATION AND EMBELLISHMENT OF THE INTERIOR. DECORATION IN ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE SERVES SEVERAL FUNCTIONS, BUT ITS MAIN EFFECT AND MAIN PURPOSE IS APPEAR TO BE THE CREATION OF NON-TECTONIC VALUES. IT MAKES THE ISLAMIC ARCHITECURE DIFFERENT FROM THE OTHER NON-ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE OF OTHER RELIGIONS.