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Digital learning - Individual Adaptive Construction or Connected Social Interaction?

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The fourth in our 2014 series of interactive experiences, in collaboration with Adobe, "Tech Challenges: Surfing and Diving Deep." It includes survey results.

Full webinar recording at http://adobe.ly/Pbdp0J

You'll find more about this series at http://www.culturecom.net/TransFormation/webinars_2014/about.html

Education technology is developing to include multiple media combinations, in order to deal with complexity of codes, content, interactions, and cognitive processes. Some solutions favour individual adaptive learning as a personal cognitive structure, while others provide learning environments for collaborative cognitive development. How can they be merged?

Published in: Education

Digital learning - Individual Adaptive Construction or Connected Social Interaction?

  1. 1. Ray Gallon & Neus Lorenzo @TransformSoc Digital Learning Individual Adaptive Construction or Connected Social Interaction? http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-nJaOH_OI3gI/UdKtH-lEP5I/AAAAAAAAogU/pQCTQSFVjxI/s640/Cute+Funny+Babies+using+Computers9-www.go4pix.info.jpg
  2. 2. IoT: luxury for the rich?... @TransformSoc Initial Poll: Who Has Seen…? @TransformSoc Hybrid: Implant + Graft h p://www.xpertos.tv/tecnologia/tecnologia/Portals/0/digmeta/1/Windows-Live-Writer/a5035eb6f742_A4FE/interneto hings_8.jpg h p://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QaTIt1C5R-M Ref: h p://www.awesomeoff.com/images/entries/mainview/subdermal_ear.jpg @TransformSoc
  3. 3. Initial Poll: Who Has Seen…? Are we ready to train our kids for a world @TransformSoc where these technologies are everywhere?
  4. 4. Education: survival strategy @TransformSoc
  5. 5. @TransformSoc Have We Got A Digital Survival Strategy?
  6. 6. Are We Just Replacing Tools? http://www.educationnews.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/traditional_education_1950s1.jpg From this… @TransformSoc Is this what we want?
  7. 7. Are We Just Replacing Tools? http://www.educationnews.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/traditional_education_1950s1.jpg From this… @TransformSoc …to this? http://images.wikia.com/thehungergames/images/4/43/Classroom.jpg Is this what we want?
  8. 8. Have you taken a course involving digital 80,00% 70,00% 60,00% 50,00% 40,00% 30,00% 20,00% 10,00% @TransformSoc learning for professional purposes? All Age Groups http://thepienews.com/news/government/digital-english-learning-revenues-set-take/ 70,41% 29,59% 0,00% Yes No http://thepienews.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Screen-Shot-2014-09-15-at-11.59.08-618x375.png
  9. 9. Step by step, to Digital Literacy • Speech: expanding experience beyond immediate surroundings • Writing: Storing information, projecting codification • Mass Printing: Generalizing consumption with individualized information access. • Digital space: Shared, ubiquitous, virtual information, common code http://www.brightsideofnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/benjamin-franklins-printing-press-science-source.jpg http://biologos.org/uploads/static-content/early_humans_faq.jpg http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-YZNH2vqF9B8/UIUWBkMqGTI/AAAAAAAAI2E/1fkMRxOLJds/s640/Early+writing.jpg @TransformSoc http://wholesale.buysku.com/Electronics-image/2012-7/5-inch-TFT-LCD-Touch-Screen-Windows-CE-6-0-4GB-Car-GPS-Navigator-with-Multimedia-Player-FM-Radio-TF-Slot-Black-6347847177808512502.JPG
  10. 10. @TransformSoc Paths to Digital Literacy: “Schooling” Systems Educare: (Lat.) to rear or to bring up - instilling the knowledge of a world that is already formed. http://torontopubliclibrary.typepad.com/.a/6a00e5509ea6a188340168e63f7c1e970c-pi http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/08/M eeting_of_doctors_at_the_university_of_Paris.jpg http://media-cache-ak0. pinimg.com/736x/e6/34/1c/e6341c13e01818feb3a9afcccd7af8a8.jpg Educere: (Lat.) from ex + ducere (to lead out ), ex-duction (drawing out) – guiding the learner into an unfolding world
  11. 11. @TransformSoc Paths to Digital Literacy: Changing Educational Paradigms http://www.maati.tv/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/MSA-400435.jpg Reproduce, Master and Produce. http://news.bbcimg.co.uk/media/images/60386000/jpg/_60386521_dsc_0597.jpg Discover, Revise and Propose.
  12. 12. @TransformSoc Learning Metaphors http://payload324.cargocollective.com/1/11/360454/8785046/sermon_shaman-1.jpg Shaman Medium http://graphics8.nytimes.com/images/2011/04/20/arts/wet/wet-articleLarge.jpg
  13. 13. @TransformSoc Constructivist Beliefs Direct Trasnmission Beliefs
  14. 14. 100,00% 90,00% 80,00% 70,00% 60,00% 50,00% 40,00% 30,00% 20,00% 10,00% @TransformSoc Digital Teaching Strategies 8,33% 50,00% 100,00% 58,33% 66,67% 50,00% 35,71% 0,00% It was a series of mechanized exercises to learn by rote It was designed for each trainee to learn alone It encouraged me to develop ideas It required collaboration with other trainees to solve a problem TRUE FALSE 18- 40 Age Group Much the same off line? 25% yes under 40 45% yes over 40
  15. 15. 100,00% 90,00% 80,00% 70,00% 60,00% 50,00% 40,00% 30,00% 20,00% @TransformSoc Digital Teaching Strategies 8,33% 50,00% 100,00% 58,33% 66,67% 50,00% 35,71% 0,00% It was a series of mechanized exercises to learn by rote It was designed for each trainee to learn alone It encouraged me to develop ideas It required collaboration with other trainees to solve a problem TRUE FALSE 18- 40 Age Group 40,43% 63,04% 74,47% 40,43% 59,57% 36,96% 25,53% 59,57% 10,00% TRUE FALSE Over 40 Age Groups Much the same off line? 25% yes under 40 45% yes over 40
  16. 16. @TransformSoc WHY? Values HOW? Processes WHAT? Tools
  17. 17. @TransformSoc Poll -Think of the last training course, seminar or workshop you attended. What was it focused on?
  18. 18. 80,00% 70,00% 60,00% 50,00% 40,00% 30,00% 20,00% 10,00% @TransformSoc Focus: Your Perception of Enterprise Training Objectives 0,00% Develop individual skills to benefit the company and enhance chances of advancement Build teams with new abilities to solve problems together and improve performance Test employees' attitudes and willingness to engage Satisfy contractual obligations, legal requirements, or other bureaucratic necessities Other 18-40 Age Group
  19. 19. 80,00% 70,00% 60,00% 60,00% 50,00% 50,00% 40,00% 30,00% 10,00% @TransformSoc Focus: Your Perception of Enterprise Training Objectives 20,00% 18-40 Age Group 0,00% Develop individual skills to benefit the company and enhance chances of advancement Build teams with new abilities to solve problems together and improve performance Test employees' attitudes and willingness to engage Satisfy contractual obligations, legal requirements, or other bureaucratic necessities Other Over 40 Age Groups
  20. 20. Focus: Type of training you find 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% @TransformSoc most important for yourself 0% I don't need training How to do things - tools or other technical training in my current job field New skills outside my current job field Conceptual training - ideas, principles behind the technology or processes I work with Interpersonal skills for the workplace Management training Team building 18-40 Over 40
  21. 21. http://ctb.kantl.be/vanhoutte/teach/slides/graphics/textart.jpg http://www.photopoly.net/wp-content/uploads/06112010/8.jpg @TransformSoc Shifting Focus: Digital Literacy Through Digital Learning http://i.huffpost.com/gen/765264/thumbs/o-HANDS-COUNTING-facebook.jpg http://mytholipedia.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/sound-vibes.jpg
  22. 22. @TransformSoc Focus: Internet of Things Plus Big Data • Each of us will eventually have a recorded “Learning Profile” • Technological objects will explain to us how to use them based on the profile • The profile will be automatically updated as a function of what and how we learn
  23. 23. @TransformSoc eKnowledge Information I can look up but eLearning is not eKnowledge… eLearning is instruction-focused learning, presenting content that the learner must remember or practice, conducted via electronic media, typically on the Internet Adapted from: Dr. Marc Rosenberg, president, International Society for Performance Improvement (ISPI) http://www.learningsolutionsmag.com/articles/1102/marc-my-words-elearning-vs-eknowledge
  24. 24. @TransformSoc Multiple Digital Literacies Multimodality… Transmedia… Transliteracy… Plurality of texts, formats, supports and documents http://images.atelier.net/sites/default/files/imagecache/scale_crop_587_310/articles/426688/atelier-wearable-devicesl-atelier.jpg
  25. 25. @TransformSoc Focus: Transliteracy • Read, write and interact across a range of platforms, tools and media • Not just traditional reading, writing, speaking, listening and debating: – Signing – Orality – Handwriting & Print – TV, Radio & Film – Digital social networks And in multiple languages!
  26. 26. @TransformSoc http://nces.ed.gov/surveys/piaac/results/summary.aspx PIAAC 2012
  27. 27. @TransformSoc Demand for Different Task Types in the U.S. Labor Market Comunication http://ouseful.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/economics_mit_edu_files_9758.png?w=700&h=542 Non-routine Interpersonal Non-routine Analytical Routine Manual Non-routine Manual Routine Cognitive Cognition
  28. 28. 21st Century Skills • Play: Experiment with surroundings as problem solving • Simulate: Interpret and construct dynamic models of the real world • Perform: Change iden ty, improvise, discover @TransformSoc Henry Jenkins (USC Annenberg School of Communications) @TransformSoc @TransformSoc 21st Century Skills • Appropriate: Remix content • Mul -task: shi Monitor focus the ad- hoc environment and • Develop Collec ve Intelligence: Pool knowledge and work on a common goal “Participatory Culture”
  29. 29. Attributes of Participatory Culture @TransformSoc (Henry Jenkins) • Affiliations: online communities • Expressions: new creative forms • Collaborations: Problem-solving in teams • Circulations: Shaping media flow Source: Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture, by Henry Jenkins, MIT Press, 2009
  30. 30. @TransformSoc Digital Generation Gaps?
  31. 31. @TransformSoc Delivery Method mLearning: exploitation of ubiquitous handheld hardware, wireless networking and mobile telephony to facilitate, support, enhance, and extend teaching and learning… still evolving! http://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/41364593/MoLeNET%20website%20-%20Copy/www.molenet.org.uk/about/index.html 43% 24% 4% 10% 19% How would you take an on-line course? On my desktop computer On a tablet On my mobile phone On a wearable device such as a smart watch or Google Glass In a classroom with a live instructor (even though the content is automatic and online) All Age Groups
  32. 32. @TransformSoc Personalized Democratized Ubiquitous Learning Tap Pinch Swipe http://i.huffpost.com/gen/765264/thumbs/o-HANDS-COUNTING-facebook.jpg http://allthingsd.com/files/2013/01/8_Mobile_TV_Tablet_Hand.jpg
  33. 33. mLearning Media Augmented Reality BMW, Ford, Mercedes, and other carmakers are using this technology now @TransformSoc @TransformSoc Wearables and Bionics? h p://www.tollfreeforwarding.com/blog/wp-content/ uploads/2014/09/smartphone-629x382.png h p://i00.i.aliimg.com/wsphoto/v0/2028046668_1/NEW-Wearable-Smart-Watches-M8-can-put-a-SIM-card-TF-card-dial-font-b-telephone.jpg_220x220.jpg h p://cdn.medgadget.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/bionic-ear-2.jpg @TransformSoc http://rootshq.com/Images/articles/network01.jpg
  34. 34. @TransformSoc Instructional Designs Performing, Norming, Transferring Creating, Consolidating Storming, Reforming & Transforming Collectively Forming and Informing Ideas & Opinions Cognitive Meta-levels for Instructional Design, Transformation Society 2014
  35. 35. Webquest BYOD @TransformSoc Are you familiar with these concepts of Digital Training? (Rate 1 to 4) eLearning 4 3,5 3 2,5 2 1,5 1 0,5 0 mLearning MOOC, xMOOC, cMOOC Flipped Classroom Adaptive Software One-to-One 18-40 Age Grup Over 40 Age Groups
  36. 36. Recognize Identify @TransformSoc Select Choose Use Adopt Apply Transform Transfer Create
  37. 37. @TransformSoc Digital Learning Individual Adaptive Construction or Connected Social Interaction?
  38. 38. Digital Learning: Individual Adaptive Construction or Connected Social Interaction 50,00% 45,00% 40,00% 35,00% 30,00% 25,00% 20,00% 15,00% 10,00% 5,00% 0,00% Over 40 Age Groups 18-40 Age Group 0 1 2 3 4 @TransformSoc (Rate 1-4) Individual Adaptive Construction Connected Social Interaction
  39. 39. @TransformSoc According to the OECD http://thrivingonsystems.com/filestore/u14/dialog.gif 15-Year-Olds Need to Know Collaborative Problem-Solving PISA 2015
  40. 40. @TransformSoc The Components of Collaborative Problem-Solving Collaborative Problem-Solving Social Skills Cognitive Skills Participation Perspective Taking Social Regulation Task Regulation Knowledge Building The Assessment and Teaching of 21st-Century Skills (ATC21S) Ref: http://www.agenciaeducacion.cl/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Presentacion-Looi-Chee-Kit.pdf
  41. 41. @TransformSoc Technology for Education Blended Adaptive Learning CLOUD AND BIG DATA MOOCs MOBILITY AND CONNECTIVY Learning Management Systems METHODS Computer Assisted Instruction TOOLS Connectivity Complexity IoE
  42. 42. @TransformSoc Focus: Embodied Learning http://www.edweek.org/media/2012/10/08/7embody_lede.jpg
  43. 43. @TransformSoc Steps to Digital Learning Acces Adapted from: Sandtholz and Reilly 2004 Innovate Appropriate Adapt Adopt
  44. 44. @TransformSoc In the Digital Age, Complexity is the Culture… and the essential skill is Connectivity .Personal Learning Network .Professional Learning Network .Digital Learning Environment .Digital Interactive Environment .Digital Training Environment … … …
  45. 45. Focus: New eLearning Market • Extension of profiles to include machine-readable @TransformSoc (and updatable) resumé in the cloud • Search engines will find us: – Offer training it thinks we need – Offer training it thinks it needs us to have
  46. 46. @TransformSoc Focus: What’s Next? • Mini-learning courses • Direct sensory learning • AR Contextual learning • Socially engaged learning https://scifisophie.files.wordpress.com/2011/06/photo.png http://www.awaken.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/artificial-intelligence.png Arm: http://i.nextmedia.com.au/Utils/ImageResizer.ashx?n=http%3a%2f%2fi.n extmedia.com.au%2fNews%2fghost_20120906073203.jpg&w=525&c=0& s=1 https://encrypted-tbn2. gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRri7k6y0LXH1RG8c1IEyGZZXQTVoNSkXWX7Mh4 95D56AkUrh0tJg
  47. 47. Ref@: ImTraagntgsfeo arm htStpo:c// ow.ly/f1Wud “Social information processing is an activity through which collective human actions organize knowledge” Daniel Durrant
  48. 48. Neus Email: neus@transformationsociety.net LinkedIn: Neus Lorenzo Slideshare: http://www.slideshare.net/Transformation Society 2014 Web – Transformation Society: http://www.transformationsociety.net Twitter: @Transformsoc @TransformSoc Ray Email: ray@transformationsociety.net LinkedIn: Ray Gallon Google Plus: +Ray Gallon THANK YOU Look for our white paper on the Adobe site at the end of January, 2015

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