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Education for hybrid society in Industry 4.0

Ray Gallon's presentation at the Friends of Education conference in Struga, Macedonia, 8-9 April, 2017.

Industry 4.0 works on the mariage of the Internet of Things and Artificial Intelligence, among other things. In a world where decisions are taken autonomously by machines, there are ethical implications, questions of responsibility. Educators need strategies for preparing young people to deal with these questions, and to be flexible enough to change as the many unknowns of this development evolve. This presentation looks at the unknowns, and the questions we don't have answers to, in an attempt to focus attention on what needs to happen next, and proposes a collective space in which to start dealing with it.

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Education for hybrid society in Industry 4.0

  1. 1. 08-09/04/2017 #EduConference2017 Струга 08-09 Април 2017 ТРЕТА ЕДУКОНФЕРЕНЦИЈА НА НАСТАВНИЦИ И ИНФОРМАТИЧАРИ 08-09/04/2017 #EduConference2017 Education for hybrid Society in Industry 4.0 Ethical Implications Ray Gallon @RayGallon @TransformSoc
  2. 2. 08-09/04/2017 #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 #EduConference2017 Humanist Nerd • Theatre lighting and sound design • Radio producer and journalist • Filmaker • Media manager • Technical communicator • University teacher • Co-Founder, The transformation Society
  3. 3. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 EDUCATION EXISTS IN THE ECONOMY More and more connected
  4. 4. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 It’s a Content Economy… Even objects are data Big Data is already the new mantra Curation is as important as Content Creation Fluid Information: • Molecular • Rapid, reliable (verified) • Nimble Content, well served = learning! Industry 4.0 • Materialised from data • Interconnected • Cyberphysical
  5. 5. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 What do these have in common? Interconnected: maintenance, updates, consumables…
  6. 6. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 WHAT IS INDUSTRY 4.0? Robots, Artificial Intelligence, Smart Houses, Smart Factories…
  7. 7. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 INDUSTRY 4.0! Source: Wikipedia The Fourth Industrial Revolution • Originated as strategy in the German government • “The current trend of automation and data exchange in manufacturing technologies… Includes: • Cyber-physical systems • The Internet of things • Cloud computing” https://pbs.twimg.com/media/C7bhdJhXQAAP6Eo.jpg
  8. 8. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 Source: Wikipedia The Fourth Industrial Revolution • Four design principles: • Interoperability • Information transparency • Technical assistance • Decentralized decisions • Artificial Intelligence 
 will drive the processes http://www.industrialagilesolutions.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/Industria-4.0.png INDUSTRY 4.0! Extended to other technologies - smart houses, driverless cars, etc.
  9. 9. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 http://www.mouser.com/images/microsites/advancing-smart-technology-robotics-fig-2.jpg
  10. 10. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 http://www.mouser.com/images/microsites/advancing-smart-technology-robotics-fig-2.jpg http://smp.businesswire.com/sites/smp.newshq.businesswire.com/files/imagecache/smp_large/image/image/1808125_Collaboration_Table_-_Pryor_Learning_Commons_.jpg
  11. 11. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 Industry 4.0 – Social Values An industrial vision that includes: • Intelligence • Integration • Collaboration • Social Innovation • Sustainable Manufacturing Source: Frost & Sullivan What about knowledge?
  12. 12. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 tp://specials-images.forbesimg.com/imageserve/461218281/960x0.jpg?fit=scale When kids have this at home http://mediad.publicbroadcasting.net/p/shared/npr/styles/placed_wide/nprshared/201312/251674259.jpg Can this ever be enough?
  13. 13. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 http://images.wikia.com/thehungergames/images/4/43/Classroom.jpg A Modern Classroom?
  14. 14. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 Medical Robots – Here Now
  15. 15. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 Challenges for education: What will our students need to know as patients? How to - skills for making, using, designing Adaptability - changing technology Ethics and responsibility Distinction between robots and humans Multiple layers of abstraction Medical Robots – Here Now
  16. 16. 08-09/04/2017 #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 #EduConference2017 Change of mindset • Traditional learning: • Structured • Linear • Monodisciplinary Information 4.0 • People retain what they like learning – Learn best by doing
  17. 17. 08-09/04/2017 #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 #EduConference2017 Educational ROI of this process: • Encourage creativity • Rapid acquisition of expertise • Feedback Information 4.0 Change of mindset
  18. 18. 08-09/04/2017 #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 #EduConference2017 Hypertext Mind “When data of any sort are placed in storage, they are filed alphabetically or numerically, and information is found (when it is) by tracing it down from subclass to subclass… The human mind does not work that way. It operates by association. With one item in its grasp, it snaps instantly to the next that is suggested by the association of thoughts, in accordance with some intricate web of trails carried by the cells of the brain.” –Vanaver Bush, “As We May Think,” 1949
  19. 19. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 The Good News is… You just need to help others learn! http://www.howtolearnenglish.co.uk/images/3651.jpg Says 
who? Our job: not to provide answers, but to 
 motivate learners to ask at just the right moment You don’t 
 have to know 
 everything!
  20. 20. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 Black Holes of Knowledge: 
 We don’t know what they know! We need to 
 stay Zen http://www.esourcingforum.com/wp- content/uploads/2014/10/Zen-Rocks.jpg
  21. 21. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 To Fill Black Holes – Offer!
  22. 22. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 Tap here What is Valid? What is Validated? What is “true?” When does it matter? How to judge? Continuously updated Blippar App Ontological Information Offer
  23. 23. 08-09/04/2017 #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 #EduConference2017 Characteristics of Information 4.0 • Molecular – no documents, just information molecules • Dynamic – continuously updated • Offered rather than delivered • Ubiquitous, online, searchable and findable • Spontaneous – triggered by contexts • Profiled automatically Fluid Information Guided journey Learning
  24. 24. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 Learn, Teach, or Share? Models & methods of coding/decoding • Dynamic, real-time access • Continuous updating • Learner chooses How will robots do it? What should we develop to help AI do it right?
  25. 25. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 What do they need us for? Why?
  26. 26. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 Information 4.0 Consortium • Think tank to reflect on the role of information in Industry 4.0 and beyond • International working group on educational aspects to be organized at WFATE conference, Melbourne, 2018 www.information4zero.org
  27. 27. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 HYBRID TRANSMEDIA – UNANSWERED QUESTIONS Information 4.0 http://technicaltoday.in/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/1.jpg
  28. 28. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 Imagine your future Turn off lights Connectivity Creativity Show me the insides Relate water and frying food Adjust insulin dose Inspired by Prof. Jim Cummins, University of Toronto Complementary Holistic Learning Internet of Things Social networks & 
 personal relations Webquests … Augmented reality Mashups Interactive stories … Related ideas Subtexts Big data … Invention Intuition Surprise … 
 
 
 Transmedia Contextuality Strategic Learning Skills Structured
 Formal Unstructured Informal Hybrid: Human-Machine, Meta Cognition
  29. 29. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 Ethical and Social Consequences The “whom do you kill” conundrum? 
 Not really! Humans “simply try to avoid 
 killing anyone or anything”
 –Michael Ramsey, autonomous vehicle analyst at Gartner "There are more mundane decisions… like keeping up with traffic on a busy highway, or running a red light in an emergency. These kinds of moral issues happen with [more] frequency with human drivers.” –Jeffrey Miller, University of Southern California
  30. 30. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 Ethical and Social Consequences The “whom do you kill” conundrum? 
 Not really! Humans “simply try to avoid 
 killing anyone or anything”
 –Michael Ramsey, autonomous vehicle analyst at Gartner "There are more mundane decisions… like keeping up with traffic on a busy highway, or running a red light in an emergency. These kinds of moral issues happen with [more] frequency with human drivers.” –Jeffrey Miller, University of Southern California Who writes the algorithms? What is User Information in This Context? Responsibility Owner? Insurance? Manufacturer? Software provider? Software programmer?
  31. 31. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 Impact on Jobs In 1988, Eastman Kodak Company employed 
 145 300 people. In 2016 Facebook and Instagram combined employ around 10 000 people Job shifting – some jobs diminish, 
 others increase, but… Truck driving is the number one job for U.S. males How many truck drivers, displaced by self-driving vehicles, will become Data Scientists or Pre-school Teachers? Source: http://www.zdnet.com/article/when-robots-eliminate-jobs-humans-will-find-better-things-to-do/ and Wikipedia https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/originals/00/82/b2/0082b221966e612c46390e70008d93b0.jpg
  32. 32. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 Impact on Jobs In 1988, Eastman Kodak Company employed 
 145 300 people. In 2016 Facebook and Instagram combined employ around 10 000 people Job shifting – some jobs diminish, 
 others increase, but… Truck driving is the number one job for U.S. males How many truck drivers, displaced by self-driving vehicles, will become Data Scientists or Pre-school Teachers? Source: http://www.zdnet.com/article/when-robots-eliminate-jobs-humans-will-find-better-things-to-do/ and Wikipedia https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/originals/00/82/b2/0082b221966e612c46390e70008d93b0.jpg What kinds of information do reclassified workers need to learn?
  33. 33. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 The Affectiva company produces an “Emotion AI”utility with its own SDK Claims to have analysed 4,599,837 faces in more than 75 countries. From www.affectiva.com The Role of Emotions • Research at TCUK 2016 Conference • Joint project: The Transformation Society and 
 Adobe Technical Communication • Major demand by technical communicators for “mind reading” • Understand emotional state via sensors/facial recognition • Use AI to provide emotion and context appropriate responses on the fly
  34. 34. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 Violeta Tulceanu’s Brainwave Authentication System - January 2017 Trains the system to recognise a user's emotional "fingerprint" based on the patterns of electrical brainwaves they generate Matches emotional states to a given pattern Associates pattern with particular configurations of the system that allow or preclude access to given resources. When processing credentials, if reading matches the "emotional fingerprint" access is granted or refused accordingly. Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-01-emotional.html#jCp
  35. 35. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 “LET’S DRIVE THE BUS INSTEAD OF BEING HIT BY IT!” Andrea Ames, IBM
  36. 36. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/originals/d4/5b/63/d45b63482d612cb1cd2eaad25e508da5.jpg www.information4zero.org Join us!
  37. 37. #EduConference2017 08-09/04/2017 Twitter: @Transformsoc @RayGallon Web: www.transformationsociety.net Thank You! Join us! See you soon? www.information4zero.org

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