The Learner’s Development and EnvironmentEpisode 3: Classroom Management and LearningName of FS Student: Ma. Cristina D. PanganoranCourse & Year: BSE-2 EnglishResource Teacher: Mrs. Irenea P. Dizon _________________Instructor: Mrs. Gloria A. SilvaCooperating School: Holy Cross College (High School Department)Date of Submission: January 31, 2011Date Submitted: January 31, 2011
Name of School: Holy Cross College (High School Department)Class Observed: 3 - 1Date of Visit: January 19, 2011 Observation Report The students’ ages range from 14-15 years old. The classroom is occupiedwith a total of 45 students. They are all in proper uniform and walked quietly totheir respective classroom after the Novena. They are able to handle their ownbehavior. When it comes to discipline and good manners they are very polite andcooperative in class. They even prepared a chair for me which was unexpected.These students are all very well-behaved. The students in 3-1 class, workedindependently during class. Their speed is even faster in note taking than other college students I know.This becomes evident when I helped Mrs. Dizon check their notes after thediscussion. They showed their skills in taking down notes and understanding themeaning of the words by analyzing the sentences given. They are all very focusedin class. Generally, the students of this class are fast learners. Observation Notes on Classroom Management Each desk has a section where students can put their belongings. Theteaching materials are kept in a cabinet. The room’s cleaning materials are locatedat the back left corner of the room. There is a mini altar on the right side of theblack board. There are no rules and procedures posted in the room becausestudents are provided a handbook during enrollment where they can find theentirety of rules in school. Posted on the walls of the classroom are the classofficers, certificates of recognition, 3rd grading top achievers, shorten and regularperiod schedules and the announcement of upcoming school activities. The teacher assigned one of the students to collect from each student a pieceof 1/8 sheet of paper with their name written on it before the start of the flagceremony so the teacher would know who was late or absent. These papers arepassed to the teacher the moment she enters the room. Next, the teacher will askeveryone to pick up pieces of papers or trash if there is any, then they proceed withthe teacher leading the prayer. Before they start with their lesson they have a shortreview. These activities are done smoothly and the students are used to it. The seating arrangement is in alphabetical order. On the left part of the roomthe girls are seated while the boys are on the right. The students are not noisy. Theteacher is able to manage the noise level very well. The teacher usually has noproblem with this particular class, but if she sees anyone who does not payattention, she calmly reminds the students the consequences of one’s actions orcarelessness. She disciplines the class without embarrassment and threat. Usinggenuine verbal praises, appreciation thru acknowledgement and encouraging themto do better next time are the teacher’s way to reinforce positive behavior. I can saythat the teacher I observed has a very good skill in classroom management.
Classroom Management MatrixAspect of Description Effect on the LearnersClassroomManagementSpecific Areas of In front of the class is helps the learners gain easy accessthe Classroom the teacher’s table. to teaching materials; provides Front right corner of the freedom to move easily within the room is the mini altar. class; maximizes the students’ The back left corner of interaction with their teacher and the room is where the classmates; gives a sense of cleaning materials are familiarity; and on the opposite side is where other teaching materials are kept. Desks have a section for student belongings.Classroom Rules N/A N/AClassroom Discussion, Enhances reading writing listeningProcedures Note Taking and and speaking skills LectureDaily Routines Opening and closing Conditions the students; saving time prayer lead by the to cover more lessons; build a habit teacher; Attendance thru of maintaining cleanliness; collecting 1/8 sheets of Enhancing study skills paper; Students pick up trash in the room if any; Brief reviewSeating Alphabetically arranged Fast checking of attendance; savingArrangement seats with girls on the time to cover more lessons; the desk left side and boys on the facing front allows the students to right; Traditional rows view the teaching materials easily. in columnsHandling Correcting error without Does not embarrass the learner; theMisbehaviors embarrassment; calmly teacher does not discourage calling attention; participation in class; the learners reminding the student are not being threaten but the consequences of disciplined; makes the learners one’s actions in a serene know that the teacher is not upset way but only concerned with them.Reinforcement of Uses genuine verbal Boosts self-confidence; learners arePositive Behavior praises; Appreciation encouraged to participate in class; thru acknowledgement; learners do not feel isolated or Equality or fairness in discriminated classOthers Certificates of Students can be proud of their own recognition displayed accomplishments. near the board
Analysis:1. How did the classroom organization & routines affect the learner’sbehavior? As we have learned before, an environment that is conducive to learningincludes the physical as well as the psychological aspect. When the classroom iswell-organized and properly arranged this lessens the teacher’s effort on thephysical part. An excellent classroom organization helps the learners and teacher togain easy access to teaching materials, provides freedom to move easily within theclass and maximize the students’ interaction with their teacher and classmates. When a routine designed by the teacher becomes the students’ habit, thestudents would know what is expected of them in class. This also saves time forthe teacher because he or she does not need to inform the class everyday of whatthey need to do to prepare for the class. If the class is being carried out on a day-by-day organized schedule there is less talking on the part of the teacher and moreactivities are covered during a period. Just like in the classroom I observed, the checking of attendance does nottake a lot of the period’s time because the teacher doesn’t need to do a roll callevery meeting. This is also applicable in other activities like reporting andexperimenting. A well-designed routine also conditions the class in proceedingwith the actual lesson.2. What should a teacher have in mind when she designs the classroomorganizations and routines? What theories and principles should she have inmind? The teacher should have in mind time management, furniture and teachingmaterials, and most importantly the students. I’ve learned that a place must havefavorable learning conditions, smooth transitions during class, and excellentmanagement skills. If a teacher fails to manage his/her class then he/she fails to getthe students involved during class. This is where the Principles in ClassroomManagement come in. As I’ve said before, a superb classroom organization helpsthe learners and teacher to gain effortless contact to teaching materials, providesfreedom to move easily within the class and make the most of the students’interaction with their teacher and classmates. I’ve done a bit of research and I’ve seen the effects of the theories ofbehaviorism on students when it comes to routine designing. This is applicablewith the combination of the Law of Exercise from Thorndike’s ConnectionismTheory, Pavlov’s Higher-Order Conditioning, and B.F. Skinner’s S-R theory.When routines are designed to be a habit in class then the Law of Exercise shouldbe practiced combined with Pavlov’s Higher Order Conditioning, where theteacher can use different kinds of neutral stimulus to become the conditionedstimulus for the students. Added the positive reinforcement, such as feedback orverbal praises, from the findings of Skinner then the routine the teacher designswill be a very effective one.
3. Which behavior strategies were effective in managing the behavior of thestudents? In motivating them? Why were they effective? In the class I observed, the teacher used positive reinforcement inconditioning the class for their new lesson and expected exam in the next period.When it comes to their daily routine, the class already turned it into a habit. The teacher made use of positive reinforcement in forms of verbal praisesand encouragement to the students to do better next time. She also showed themhonestly that she is proud of what they have accomplished for the past gradingperiods. I think that the teacher’s strategies are very effective because the studentsare all actively participating and focused in class. If a teacher is doing well inletting the student engage in learning then it means she was successful inmotivating them. Students want to be acknowledged for their hard work because this booststheir confidence in being consistent in getting high grades or being encouraged toget better grades. It was effective because of the fact that students want to beaccepted and treated fairly, receive their deserved appreciation from their teacherand the right amount of concern from them.Reflections:1. Imagine yourself organizing your classroom in the future. In whatyear/grade level do you see yourself? What routines and procedures wouldyou consider at this level? Why? I see myself teaching a third year high school class. The classroom mustcontain teaching materials that are accessible for use. The furniture must bepositioned in areas where the contents could be easily seen. The seatingarrangement should be in alphabetical order. The position of the desks could be inthe traditional rows in columns or facing center, depending on the class activity forthat day. I would like everyone to be seated in alphabetical order so it would be fastand easy to check for absentees in class. There would be an opening prayer wherea different student leads every day this is also in alphabetical order. Leading theprayer can build a habit of standing in front of the class with confidence. This canhelp them improve their speaking skill too. Then we would conduct recitations as aform of review or checking of assignments if any. This is done so they will remember to do their homework. They will formthe habit of studying because they will always expect that I might call them tospeak during a review or during answering or checking assignments. This would fithigh school students very well because they can develop their study skills and learnto do their schoolwork independently.
Next are the procedures, a teacher can’t be focused with only one procedurealone. There is no single best method. One can use discussion, reporting, lecture,note taking, and many other ways to conduct the lesson. In discussion, the studentsengage in listening and note taking. In reporting the teacher can observe the classand the reporter’s interaction by using their listening and speaking skills. Lecturewould enhance writing and reading skills. Everything depends on the lesson andhow the teacher intends to deliver the topic. The teacher must also have in mindthe integration of the four language arts in every meeting.2. List the rules you are likely to implement in this level? Why would youchoose these rules? If the subject I’m teaching uses the English language as the subject tool, thenI would like the reciting, reporting and any kind of speaking in my class in English.This rule will enhance the students’ natural flow of words in English. One of myteachers claimed that, “If you want Filipino students to be quiet, tell them to speakin English.” The truth is, I just want them to learn how to express themselves freelyin the language and the grammar will eventually follow. The next rule would be maintaining cleanliness in the room. It’s a realshame but the some of the first year Education students seem that they don’t have ahabit of keeping their classroom clean. So I want to put into practice themaintaining of order and cleanliness in class. This is a part of the conditions for aclassroom to be conducive to learning. And lastly I will give grade incentives to those students who have perfectattendance in the whole school year. This is to motivate the students to come toclass every day. I remember the management announcing that a bonus will begiven to those who always came early to work for the whole month without anyabsences. This eventually motivated everyone including me in coming to workearly each day. I think this will also motivate the students to work hard.3. Should learners be involved in making these rules? Why? On the first day of class, I will divide the students into 4 groups, then I willask them to come up with their group name and their classroom rule that they wantto implement. We will use the rules they come up with and add them to my ownrules to let the students see that they are a part of this class and all their suggestionsand opinions are taken seriously. The mere fact that the students are involved in making the rules will evenmake it easier for them to follow because they do not feel dictated of what theyneed to do in the class. This also shows that the students can have a sense ofresponsibility in abiding to their own rules. If both parties are involved in formulating the rules and regulations, then theestablishment of the classroom rules can be seen as the students’ and teacher’sresponsibility altogether.