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CONNECTED OBJECTS - how NFC technology enables a more environmentally-friendly design

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20, 40, 80 billions connected objects in the smart cities of the future by 2020 as foreseen by many large IT companies and consulting firms. But is our planet ready for as many billions Ion-lithium battery equiped objects ? What about the impact on our environment ? Hopefully, there are solutions to reduce the need of batteries in connected objets and energy harvesting is one important field of study. NFC, better known for contactless payment and transportation cards, is one technology that can be used to reduce the needs of batteries in connected objects, allowing a cleaner and greener environment, as this track will present.

Smart Cities and Countries Congress, Sept. 3, Paris

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CONNECTED OBJECTS - how NFC technology enables a more environmentally-friendly design

  1. 1. Connected objects How technology can enable a more environmentally-friendly design @pierremetivier about.me/pierremetivier
  2. 2. The internet of things is … • A world of sensors • « Wearables » • Quantified self • Connected objects • Smart …. stuff
  3. 3. The internet of things is also …
  4. 4. Industrial Internet of things, M2M
  5. 5. Smart health - 6 -
  6. 6. Smart metering / smart home / smart office 7 www.ijenko.com/fr/solution/home-area-network/ www.erdfdistribution.fr/Linky/ www.nest.com/‎ www.sfr.fr/‎
  7. 7. 8
  8. 8. XX billions connected objects in 2020
  9. 9. How can we create environmentally-friendly connected objects ?
  10. 10. Powering XX billion objects – AC/DC • AC – Local wired objects • DC – Wired and non-wired objects - Accumulators, batteries • Energy harvesting (and storing) for « small » non-wired objects • Cinetic – watch, trees • Sun – photovoltaics, smart roads • Thermoelectric • Piezoelectric • Ambiant radiation • Radio-frequency – RFID (HF, UHF) • …
  11. 11. Powering YY (=%XX) billion objects • Communication between two objets • RFID, only contactless / wireless electronic tech. in which only one object needs a power source • NFC, HF RFID, is available on mobile • Contactless payment, transportation, access, games, keys • Cards, mobiles, electronic equipments • Simple NFC tag reading and dynamic NFC tags RFID family
  12. 12. Components of a connected object ₊ Sensor(s) ₊ Actuator(s) ₊ Intelligence ₊ User Interface ₊ Connectivity ₊ Context ₊ Identification ₊ Security ₊ « Design » ₊ POWER = Data (frequency, type, amount)  People , computers and things can « act » upon.  To measure, to inform, to decide, to share, to identify, to authorise, to authentify, to launch, ….
  13. 13. How to design a smart umbrella ? 15
  14. 14. How to design a smart umbrella ? 16 http://twelvemonkeyscompany.com/
  15. 15. How to design a smart umbrella ? 17 http://www.nfcnetstore.com
  16. 16. Components of a smart umbrella
  17. 17. Smart city – Public bench, bus stop, museum
  18. 18. Games
  19. 19. Games
  20. 20. What about sensor-equipped smart objects ?
  21. 21. 23 Source NXP
  22. 22. Components of a connected object UV measurement tool • Sensor(s) • Intelligence • UI • Connectivity • Context • Power
  23. 23. Components of a connected object UV measurement tool
  24. 24. « Hacked » Coffee Machine
  25. 25. Gazpar from GrDF
  26. 26. Lysbox from Z#BRE
  27. 27. NFC adds smart to existing and new things 29
  28. 28. NFC as a key IOT enabler Design • Connect existing objects (including non-electronic) • Design battery-less smart objects • No need to duplicate all functions in all connected objects Usage • Enabling “smart” citizens • Passive – Use only • Active – Collaborative • Content and mobile sensors sharing • Geolocation - passive / active • Crowdsourcing Think NFC mobile as the "remote control" of our environment 30
  29. 29. Thank you ! @pierremetivier about.me/pierremetivier

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