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Internet of Things (IoT)
Prepared By: Asim Rais Siddiqui
• Imagine waking up in the morning at the sound of your alarm clock
and your coffee maker automatically prepares your coff...
Scary?
• Well, who would have predicted that mobile phones would have
replaced our beloved landline since the release of D...
Emergence of new Internet?
Its about connecting things…
Things
+
Sense & Communicate
Internet of Things
• Commonly known as IoT is a system
of interconnected digital and
mechanical devices, objects or
people...
“T” (Things) in the IoT
• Things are objects of the physical world or of the information world
(virtual).
• Things are cap...
A bit of history
• The term "Internet of Things" is coined by Kevin Ashton 1999.
• Early example, 1982, Coke machine at Ca...
Problems
• Today computers -- and,
therefore, the internet -- are
almost wholly dependent on
human beings for information
...
The Smart World of IoT
• Enable everyday objects internet connectivity.
• These objects are embedded with sensors, electro...
How Does This Impact You?
• The new rule for the future is going to be, "Anything that can be
connected, will be connected...
Opportunities
• Smart home: A home where the
devices are enabled to
communicate with each other
making its owner capable o...
Opportunities..
• Applications in Wearables:
Wearables are the most famous
trends in IoT. IoT technologies
have an array o...
Opportunities..
• Smart Cities: IoT for smart cities not only provide smarter surveillance but also
energy management devi...
Opportunities..
• Health care applications:
• In the sphere of health care, the
advent of IoT is of major
importance. With...
Opportunities..
• Transportation: IoT plays a very
significant role in the automotive
industry. The infamous self-
driving...
A Futuristic Application:
Shopping
• When entering the doors, scanners will
identify the tags on her clothing.
• When shop...
Challenges
• IoT is complex: The internet of things is considered to be pretty
complex. However, as a system primarily rel...
Is it safe? Can the internet of things be
secured?
• Everything new and shiny has downsides,
and security and privacy are ...
The IoT Market
• Gartner, Inc: by 2020 there will be 26 Billion connected devices in the galaxy of the IoT.
Internet of Things: The Tools, Platforms and
Programs You Need to Know
You’ll need to:
• Choose your hardware platform (i.e., your processing board)
• Develop the application software, includin...
IOT DEVELOPMENT PLATFORMS
• One incredibly popular
hardware/software platform for
creating interactive IoT objects
and dev...
MicroController Programming.
- Functinoal programming using C
- Add wifi module/chip or Bluetooth
- Make it adhoc network ...
IOT HARDWARE & OPERATING SYSTEMS
• Another well-known IoT platform
is Raspberry Pi 2, a ”tiny affordable
computer” that ca...
EMBEDDED EYES AND EARS: SENSOR AND
BEACON TECHNOLOGY
• Bluetooth beacons embedded within devices allow IoT objects to
broa...
IOT SOFTWARE & PROGRAMMING
LANGUAGES
• C & C++
• Java
• Node.js and JavaScript
• Python
• REST Architecture
• Languages de...
IOT DATA AND SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS
• While the IoT opens up amazing new possibilities, it also opens up
new security con...
Industry-leading Tech Stack
that Pillars IoT Solutions
Conclusion
• The world of IoT has true potential for development as it makes life
easier through the various innovations w...
IoT Development - Opportunities and Challenges
IoT Development - Opportunities and Challenges
IoT Development - Opportunities and Challenges
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IoT Development - Opportunities and Challenges

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Introduction of IoT Development, Opportunities and Challenges
IOT Development Tools, IOT applications, IOT, Smart Objects

Published in: Technology
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IoT Development - Opportunities and Challenges

  1. 1. Internet of Things (IoT) Prepared By: Asim Rais Siddiqui
  2. 2. • Imagine waking up in the morning at the sound of your alarm clock and your coffee maker automatically prepares your coffee! • Or how about your refrigerator sending you a shopping list of item that you need to replenish, such as "Only 2 eggs remaining" or. "you are low on milk".
  3. 3. Scary? • Well, who would have predicted that mobile phones would have replaced our beloved landline since the release of DynaTAC September 21, 1983, (Motorolla's first ever cellphone). • The same is true about GPS. Maps have taken the passenger seat as GPS takes the driver's seat.
  4. 4. Emergence of new Internet? Its about connecting things…
  5. 5. Things + Sense & Communicate
  6. 6. Internet of Things • Commonly known as IoT is a system of interconnected digital and mechanical devices, objects or people that are given several unique identifiers. It had the ability to share data over a network without needing the help of human-to-computer or human-to-human interaction.
  7. 7. “T” (Things) in the IoT • Things are objects of the physical world or of the information world (virtual). • Things are capable of being identified and integrated into communication layer • Physical things: surrounding environment, sensors, electrical equipment, etc. • Virtual things are capable of being stored, processed and accessed: multimedia content, FB, twitter accounts, etc.
  8. 8. A bit of history • The term "Internet of Things" is coined by Kevin Ashton 1999. • Early example, 1982, Coke machine at Carnegie Mellon University was connected to internet: report its inventory and temperature
  9. 9. Problems • Today computers -- and, therefore, the internet -- are almost wholly dependent on human beings for information • People have limited time, attention and accuracy • Computers that knew everything there was to know about things
  10. 10. The Smart World of IoT • Enable everyday objects internet connectivity. • These objects are embedded with sensors, electronics, software, actuators and network connectivity that give them the ability to exchange data
  11. 11. How Does This Impact You? • The new rule for the future is going to be, "Anything that can be connected, will be connected." • But why on earth would you want so many connected devices talking to each other? • Communication • Control and Automation • Cost Savings
  12. 12. Opportunities • Smart home: A home where the devices are enabled to communicate with each other making its owner capable of customizing home environment, managing security and energy is known as a smart home. Various IoT technologies are responsible for monitoring smart homes. Devices like smart thermostats, smart home lighting etc are such examples of smart home devices monitored by IoT.
  13. 13. Opportunities.. • Applications in Wearables: Wearables are the most famous trends in IoT. IoT technologies have an array of wearable devices. They are highly efficient, runs on low power and are small sized as per the convenience of the customer. Devices such as Smart watches, fitbits are examples of IoT tech wearables.
  14. 14. Opportunities.. • Smart Cities: IoT for smart cities not only provide smarter surveillance but also energy management devices hence providing a solution to environmental pollution, population expansion energy shortage and the like.
  15. 15. Opportunities.. • Health care applications: • In the sphere of health care, the advent of IoT is of major importance. With various smart devices monitored by IoT such as medication dispensing services, it is easier to carry out work faster in the field of medical care.
  16. 16. Opportunities.. • Transportation: IoT plays a very significant role in the automotive industry. The infamous self- driving cars are one of the major transportation devices monitored by IoT tech.
  17. 17. A Futuristic Application: Shopping • When entering the doors, scanners will identify the tags on her clothing. • When shopping in the market, the goods will introduce themselves. • When paying for the goods, the microchip of the credit card will communicate with checkout reader. • When moving the goods, the reader will tell the staff to put a new one.
  18. 18. Challenges • IoT is complex: The internet of things is considered to be pretty complex. However, as a system primarily related to making life easier, it should be user-friendly and not just easy for the developers and the experts. • Connectivity is crucial: Various wired and wireless forms of connectivity is required to enable proper functioning of applications monitored by IoT. • Highly power consuming: Without power, there is no IoT. For the proper functioning of IoT tech and connectivity, power consumption is vital.
  19. 19. Is it safe? Can the internet of things be secured? • Everything new and shiny has downsides, and security and privacy are the biggest challenges for IoT. • All these devices and systems collect a lot of personal data about people – that smart meter knows when you’re home and what electronics you use when you’re there – and it’s shared with other devices and held in databases by companies.
  20. 20. The IoT Market • Gartner, Inc: by 2020 there will be 26 Billion connected devices in the galaxy of the IoT.
  21. 21. Internet of Things: The Tools, Platforms and Programs You Need to Know
  22. 22. You’ll need to: • Choose your hardware platform (i.e., your processing board) • Develop the application software, including any back-end and networking support • Create the integrated UI • Develop the APIs, beacons, web sockets, and procedure calls that enable the high-level communications that occur between devices • Establish security, data storage, and analytics measures
  23. 23. IOT DEVELOPMENT PLATFORMS • One incredibly popular hardware/software platform for creating interactive IoT objects and devices is the Arduino platform, which includes a physical board processor, shields with individual libraries of C code, and an integrated development environment (IDE) for writing, compiling, and uploading code.
  24. 24. MicroController Programming. - Functinoal programming using C - Add wifi module/chip or Bluetooth - Make it adhoc network or self router - Define UDP/TCP
  25. 25. IOT HARDWARE & OPERATING SYSTEMS • Another well-known IoT platform is Raspberry Pi 2, a ”tiny affordable computer” that can house a web server that fits in the palm of your hand. • it has enough processing power and memory to run Windows 10 IoT Core. • RasPi is great for more heavy-duty processing, especially when using the Python programming language.
  26. 26. EMBEDDED EYES AND EARS: SENSOR AND BEACON TECHNOLOGY • Bluetooth beacons embedded within devices allow IoT objects to broadcast information to nearby mobile devices. • Apple iBeacon : These low-power sensors with technology like Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE)—the one-way communication from objects to nearby devices—let our mobile phones listen for signals when we’re close to an IoT object. • BLE is different from traditional Bluetooth technology in that it’s cheaper, requires less power (one beacon can go three years without a charge), and is ideal for simple applications and quick pops of data, like sending a coupon to a nearby mobile phone. • WiFi direct : Wi-Fi direct is also called as Wi-Fi P2P, which connects devices with each other without help of a wireless access point.
  27. 27. IOT SOFTWARE & PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES • C & C++ • Java • Node.js and JavaScript • Python • REST Architecture • Languages designed for I/O programming • Go from Google, Rust from Mozilla, Forth, and Parasail—a language designed specifically for embedded programming.
  28. 28. IOT DATA AND SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS • While the IoT opens up amazing new possibilities, it also opens up new security concerns. Anytime we’re advancing the way we monitor, detect, and track ourselves and the things around us, what we do with the data—and how it’s sent across networks—can get sensitive • This means it’s important to take certain programming steps (and avoid certain security shortcuts) like proxies and encryption, to keep hackers from using devices to access a user’s personal network.
  29. 29. Industry-leading Tech Stack that Pillars IoT Solutions
  30. 30. Conclusion • The world of IoT has true potential for development as it makes life easier through the various innovations which are developing and will develop in the future and their functioning is impossible without IoT tech’s monitoring.

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