RESILIENCE
BUILDING
MECIS ECONOMIC JUSTICE COMMUNITY 0F PRACTICE
LEARNING WORKSHOP
WEST BANK TEAM MARCH 17-20, 2014
Page 2
LIVESTOCK BASED LIVELIHOOD
PROGRAM
BRIEFLY EXPLAIN BENEFICIARY NUMBERS (MALE/FEMALE);
LOCATION; STAFF AND PARTNER N...
Page 3
SECTION I: CONTEXT ANALYSIS
• About the country - history , geography, demography,
advantages, disadvantages; count...
Page 4
SECTION I: CONTEXT ANALYSIS
Constraints:
Restriction on herders’ movement (occupation/closures) and
access to resou...
Page 5
SECTION I: CONTEXT ANALYSIS
Potential
high local market demand for quality meat, dairy and
wool products
High commu...
Page 6
SECTION II: WHAT DID YOU DO?
• Briefly describe the intervention
Since 2006 support to PLDC, a centre for the provi...
Page 7
SECTION III: STAKEHOLDER
ANALYSIS
• Key actors involved from the start of the project
Bedouin and other herder comm...
Page 8
SECTION IV: WHAT DID YOU
ACHIEVE?
• Project impact on beneficiaries in general and
impact on women. Positive or oth...
Page 9
SECTION IV: WHAT DID YOU
ACHIEVE?
• What systems changed? How? Cite examples and
explain evidences.
Partly because ...
Page 10
SECTION V: WHAT WORKED WELL
AND WHAT DIDN’T?
• What was particularly successful?
Providing quality technical servi...
Page 11
SECTION V: WHAT WORKED WELL
AND WHAT DIDN’T?
• What approaches or factors constrained your ability to achieve
wide...
Page 12
SECTION VI: LEARNING AND
RECOMMENDATIONS
• With the benefit of hindsight, what should you have done
differently?
E...
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Oxfam italy livestock programme (short version)

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Oxfam italy livestock programme (short version)

  1. 1. RESILIENCE BUILDING MECIS ECONOMIC JUSTICE COMMUNITY 0F PRACTICE LEARNING WORKSHOP WEST BANK TEAM MARCH 17-20, 2014
  2. 2. Page 2 LIVESTOCK BASED LIVELIHOOD PROGRAM BRIEFLY EXPLAIN BENEFICIARY NUMBERS (MALE/FEMALE); LOCATION; STAFF AND PARTNER NAMES; PROJECT DURATION; YEAR OF IMPLEMENTATION • Direct beneficiaries in the West Bank: 4,000 livestock breeder HHs next to 600 women farmers/breeders in small-scale home gardens and dairy production groups • Key Partners: PLDC, PACU/Livestock, UAWC and PHG • Staff : OIT (4), PLDC (20), PACU (4), UAWC (4), PHG (3) • Programme duration: 2006- 2016 • Actual through 5 projects (2013-2016) – ca. 4 million Euro
  3. 3. Page 3 SECTION I: CONTEXT ANALYSIS • About the country - history , geography, demography, advantages, disadvantages; country map Small ruminant Livestock holding is a traditional source of income and food for both Bedouin and non Bedouin communities.(20,000 HHs); Herds typically are managed by family members, especially by women and children. Many Bedouin communities in OPT have been expelled from their traditional environment in the Negev (now Israel) Area: Semi-arid Eastern Slopes and Jordan Valley; mainly Area C.
  4. 4. Page 4 SECTION I: CONTEXT ANALYSIS Constraints: Restriction on herders’ movement (occupation/closures) and access to resources (rangelands, water); increasing fodder prices and poor livestock services; weak market outlets Low carrying capacity of rangelands, poor water resources, negative climate change effects Internal political and social fragmentation  weak national policies and vision for the sector and low representativeness and involvement of the stakeholders. Occupation and donors policies oriented toward an emergency approach to the problems.  high mortality, low twinning rates, high abortions and morbidity rates  number of animals continues to decrease (herders forced to sell stock).  putting at risk livelihood security
  5. 5. Page 5 SECTION I: CONTEXT ANALYSIS Potential high local market demand for quality meat, dairy and wool products High community resilience and resistance  Theory of Change @ enhance access to resources and quality services (PLDC > 4050 members) @ Enhance women economic empowerment @ develop value chains, social enterprises, markets @ develop strong local livestock organizations and cooperatives (CBOs, PLDC and PACU) @ support them in grass-root based advocacy and policy influencing  foster resilience
  6. 6. Page 6 SECTION II: WHAT DID YOU DO? • Briefly describe the intervention Since 2006 support to PLDC, a centre for the provision of livestock technical services high quality staff training, veterinarian assistance, artificial insemination (AI) for the flocks; flock productive management Since 2008 support PLDC in organizing small scale women groups for dairy production, community based fodder centres and expanding the technical quality services to Area C. Since 2010 services provided to > 1500 small and medium scale Bedouin and other herders HHs located in Area C of five WB Governorates. And expanding programme to include HH or hamlet sized WWT units for irrigated fodder production, range land management and water conservation .. From 2013-2016 reaching >3000 herders and Bedouins HHs by DFATD, 2 DGD, MAE projects. While strengthening community organization, leaderships skills and policy influencing (EU/Regional Bedouin Governance Project)
  7. 7. Page 7 SECTION III: STAKEHOLDER ANALYSIS • Key actors involved from the start of the project Bedouin and other herder communities (including women groups): Ministries of Agriculture and Local Government: Local Institutions (Municipalities, Governorates, Local Councils) National and International NGOs and FAO: Private sector (traders, markets) Donors (EU, ECHO, DFATD, DGD/Belgium, MAE/Italy)
  8. 8. Page 8 SECTION IV: WHAT DID YOU ACHIEVE? • Project impact on beneficiaries in general and impact on women. Positive or otherwise. In last 3 years no decrease in flocks > 70% of the herders.  maintaining livelihood security and income • Change in wider institutions e.g. state, private sector and other stakeholders. Herders in Area C are part of the national and donors’ agendas OIT is co-leading with FAO the Livestock TWG within UN FSS Creation of national and regional livestock MOA has strengthened its work relations with PLDC.
  9. 9. Page 9 SECTION IV: WHAT DID YOU ACHIEVE? • What systems changed? How? Cite examples and explain evidences. Partly because of HEA study, donors have shifted from emergency funding to developmental funding in SR livestock sector in Area C Recognition that not food security is the problem but livelihood security because of Israeli occupation and policies. Better organized network of quality services More emphasis on value chains and markets for poor  Higher resilience of the system
  10. 10. Page 10 SECTION V: WHAT WORKED WELL AND WHAT DIDN’T? • What was particularly successful? Providing quality technical services  decrease of costs and increase in livestock productivity PLDC a credible high quality service provider all over the West Bank Preserving Palestinian livelihoods in occupied/annexed areas • What was relatively unsuccessful? Low participation of and high competition with the MOA (specially veterinary services) Limited opportunities to develop sustainable activities (emergency focus of donors) • What were the success factors? High interest of herder communities to maintain their livelihoods Committed local partner (PLDC) accountable to its constituency
  11. 11. Page 11 SECTION V: WHAT WORKED WELL AND WHAT DIDN’T? • What approaches or factors constrained your ability to achieve wider change? Severe Israeli restrictions on infrastructure and movement in the intervention area (Area C = 65% of the West Bank) Emergency funding slowed down long-term sustainable development • How could you change what you are doing in future? More gender oriented approach and analysis More capacity building of the local organizations More emphasis on marketing activities to create demand at that side of the value chain More advocacy and policy influencing
  12. 12. Page 12 SECTION VI: LEARNING AND RECOMMENDATIONS • With the benefit of hindsight, what should you have done differently? Emphasize more activities that can lead to sustainability of the sector (too much driven by emergency focus of donors) • What advice would you give to someone facing a similar situation? Provide more capacity building to a strategic partner as PLDC in organizational management and governance To work with local Universities and to create link with international institutions in order to increase organizational capacity and analysis capacities of local actors Be even more vocal on the root causes that hamper economic development (the Israeli Occupation)

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