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Update on Livestock and Fish research program output 2: Gender and value chains

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Presented by Hikuepi Katjiuongua, Froukje Kruijssen and Emily Ouma at the Livestock and Fish Gender Working Group Workshop and Planning Meeting, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 14-18 October 2013


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Update on Livestock and Fish research program output 2: Gender and value chains

  1. 1. Update on Livestock and Fish research program output 2: Gender and value chains Hikuepi Katjiuongua, Froukje Kruijssen and Emily Ouma Livestock and Fish Gender Working Group Workshop and Planning Meeting Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 14-18 October 2013
  2. 2. Output 2: “Strategies and approaches through which women and marginalized groups improve the nature and level of participation in livestock and fish value chains” • Develop M and E indicators and build capacity with partners to track interventions that overcome gender based constraints (reported on Day 2) • Contribute to M&E L&F framework to include engendered indicators (reported on Day 2) • Develop rapid and in-depth tools for engendered analysis and identification of interventions, including social analysis tools
  3. 3. VC Toolkit Development: Progress (2012-2013) • Tools development largely completed • Nov 2012: initial VCA tool development (small group) • Feb 2013: writeshop for further tools development (larger group) – Based on feedback – Refined tools based on set of key research questions and indicators • Further refinement in 2014 based on feedback
  4. 4. Tool applications • VCA: – – – – – Uganda Pig Tanzania Dairy Ethiopia Small Ruminants India Dairy Nicaragua dual purpose (about to start) • VC benchmarking: – Tanzania (pre-writeshop) – field tested and applied in Botswana (Smallholder Competitiveness project) – Preparing in Ethiopia
  5. 5. VC Toolkit Development: Next steps • Reviewing usage & usefulness of the tools (2014) • Development of database and guidelines for training, implementation analysis and review • Tracking of tool usage and revision based on lessons learned (2014) • Simplify wiki, make it easier for users • Internal review process of tools, reports , best-bets – Decide on process for feedback on content, consistency and quality • Address question on tool ‘harmonization’: – Tools are being adapted, but what common themes & questions are being kept? • Discuss & agree on prioritization process for identifying best-bets interventions & ex ante analysis
  6. 6. Some challenges • How do the tools relate to the IDO and M&E indicators? – Do the tools capture the needed/proposed gender M&E indicators? If not, how do we address this? – What impact assessment methods/approaches will be used to assess the impact of the L&F program (overall and for each VC and theme)? – Is the current level of communication among the L&F value chains sufficient to foster learning as they move along with their respective work plans? If not, how do we best achieve this?
  7. 7. Application of the VCA tools: experiences from the Uganda pig value chain Application of the toolkit at district and village levels • Launching workshops with district authorities and technical staff. • Review of VCA tool-kit with district technical staff, and coordination of field work. • Farmers participating in VCA sessions selected at random from lists provided by local partners.
  8. 8. The application of the producer VCA toolkit at district / village level (2)  Plenary session to introduce all participants to the VCA tool-kit.  Farmer’ focus group discussions in 35 villages (40 farmers per village and 7-10 key informants).  Farmers distributed at random in 4 groups, with two facilitators per group, to work on specific tools.  Mixed or gender disaggregated groups according to the nature of the tools applied.
  9. 9. The application of the producer VCA tool-kit at district / village level (3)  Separate focus group discussion with key-informants (information at village level).  Plenary session to review/discuss constraints and opportunities identified in small groups working with specific technology components.
  10. 10. The application of the VCA tool-kit at district / village level (4) Key informants Mixed group Only women Plenary session
  11. 11. Some results Pig income control and decision making - VCA Men groups 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Masaka Mukono Male only Joint Female only Kamuli
  12. 12. Pig income control and decision making-VCA Women groups 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Masaka Mukono Male only Joint Female only Kamuli
  13. 13. Activity clock – Men 1.00p.m. 11.00a.m. Mix feeds for pigs and thereafter go for agro-trading or other income generating activities such as “boda-boda” 2.00p.m. 7.00a.m. 6.00p.m. 6.00a.m. Sleep 8.00p.m. 10.00p.m.
  14. 14. Activity clock - Women 12.00p.m. 2.00p.m. 7.00a.m. Farming, collect animal feed, firewood and family food (vegetables) and banana leaves; other merchandising activities 4.00p.m. 6.00a.m. 6.00p.m. Sleep 8.00p.m. 10.00p.m. Implication of women’s time constraints: Extension and interventions. How much time do they have available?, How time-consuming and labor-intensive are the interventions, How far can they travel for trainings?
  15. 15. % of households Sources of water 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Masaka Borehole Mukono well Tap/piped water Kamuli Other  On average, time taken to water source: 15 – 25 minutes.  Fetching water:-responsibility of children (64%) and women (19%). 16
  16. 16. Access to extension services District Sub-county Masaka Kamuli Mukono Kkingo Kyanamukaka Katwe-Butego KimanyaKyabakuza NyendoSsenyange Kabonera Kitayunjwa Namwendwa Bugulumbya Mukono TC Goma Kyampisi Ntenjeru Source of extension service (% of respondents) NAADS* NGOs Other farmers Men Women Men Women Men Women AHSP** Men Women 13 50 33 25 21 11 43 15 0 0 33 0 0 0 57 0 0 38 67 25 0 21 43 50 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 40 25 0 0 0 0 40 21 20 0 0 14 7 33 12 10 5 0 0 4 28 25 5 10 15 0 0 19 0 0 12 0 13 0 0 12 11 0 38 0 0 0 0 0 0 25 18 6 0 0 0 0 0 13 10 0 0 0 20 0 0 50 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 38 5 0 17
  17. 17. Application of VCA toolkit – other value chain actors        Feed stockists (n = 36) Live pig traders (n = 86) Village veterinarians (n = 53) Agro-vet stockists (n = 36) Village boar owners (n = 90) Pork retailers (n = 20) Benchmarking household survey – (n = 348 households) 18
  18. 18. % of respondents Pig value chain actors 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Feed stockists Veterinary services/agrovets Village boar breeding Pig traders Slaughterers Pork retailers Functions Men Women 19
  19. 19. Decision-maker on pig sales in the last 12 months – household level benchmarking survey 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Masaka Men Joint household Mukono Women Kamuli Non-household member 20
  20. 20. Application of the VCA tools: Key lessons • Quite detailed, thereby lots of engendered information can be obtained. • Lengthy: producer VCA tool-need about 6 hours to implement with mixed parallel and plenary sessions (and 2-3 breaks). • Good training and facilitation skills key. • Moving forward: - Analysis of qualitative data from the VCA. • Translating the gendered information and ensuring inclusiveness in the design of technology and institutional interventions.
  21. 21. CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish livestockfish.cgiar.org CGIAR is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food secure future. The CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish aims to increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems in sustainable ways, making meat, milk and fish more available and affordable across the developing world.

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