Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Introducing some ILRI and CGIAR activities in Ethiopia


Published on

Presented by Siboniso Moyo, Barbara Wieland, Carlo Fadda (Bioversity International), Simon Langan (IWMI), Andrew Mude and Peter Ballantyne at the SDC visit to the ILRI Ethiopia campus, 16 July 2015

Published in: Science
  • Be the first to comment

Introducing some ILRI and CGIAR activities in Ethiopia

  1. 1. Introducing some ILRI and CGIAR activities in Ethiopia SDC visit to the ILRI Ethiopia campus 16 July 2015 Siboniso Moyo, Barbara Wieland, Carlo Fadda (Bioversity International), Simon Langan (IWMI), Andrew Mude and Peter Ballantyne
  2. 2. Agenda Introductions A CGIAR campus Research insights • Genetics: boosting rural livelihoods • Healthy animals and people in value chains • Nutrition security • Water and natural resources • Drylands and resilience: public-private and regional actions Q&A
  3. 3. Addis Ababa – A CGIAR campus Hosted here: 11 CGIAR centres 1 int. ag research 2 CGIAR investors Close neighbours: EIAR MOA FAO
  4. 4. Hotspot for CGIAR research programs • Agriculture for Nutrition and Health • Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security • Dryland Systems • Genebanks • Humidtropics • Livestock and Fish • Maize • Policies, Institutions, and Markets • Water, Land and Ecosystems
  5. 5. ILRI’s roles in the CGIAR • Livestock are part of many other issues and agendas. Thus ILRI contributes to different CGIAR programs: • Leads Livestock and Fish CRP • Humidtropics and Drylands systems • WLE and CCAFS – livestock and land/water; and climate change • A4NH – leads on infectious diseases and zoonoses • PIM – especially value chain development • Genebanks – we maintain tropical forage crops gene bank • Addis campus – CGIAR reform process in view
  6. 6. Provides food and nutritional security BUT overconsumption can cause obesity Powers economic development BUT equitable development can be a challenge Improves human health BUT animal-human/emerging diseases and unsafe foods Enhances the environment BUT pollution, land/water degradation, GHG emissions and biodiversity loss Livestock opportunities and challenges
  7. 7. ILRI strategic objectives • Develop, test, adapt and promote science-based practices • Provide compelling scientific evidence for decision-makers • Increase the capacities of ILRI’s key stakeholders so they can make better use of livestock science and investments for better lives through livestock.
  8. 8. ILRI in Ethiopia – project snapshots
  9. 9. BecA – advanced biosciences research platform in Nairobi
  10. 10. Forage genebank: genetic resource for the world’s tropical livestock
  11. 11. LMP: developing livestock and livestock research priorities for Ethiopia’s 2nd GTP
  12. 12. Feedseed: catalyzing business opportunities in the feed subsector
  13. 13. Africa RISING: sustainable intensification for smallholders in Ethiopia Highlands
  14. 14. LIVES: livestock and irrigated crops value chains and market linkages for smallholders
  15. 15. 1. Boni: Livestock serving women and with private sector 2. Barbara: Healthy animals; healthy people 3. Carlo: Nutrition security 4. Simon: Water a key resource 5. Andrew: IBLI PPP model for dry areas 6. Boni: Horn of Africa resilience consortium 7. Q&A research insights
  16. 16. Genetics: boosting rural livelihoods African Chicken Genetic Gains • Catalyzes public-private partnerships to increase smallholder chicken production and productivity growth Key elements 1. High-producing genetics adapted to low-input production systems; 2. Farmer-preferred breeds; 3. Solutions developed along the value chain; 4. Public-private partnership to improve, multiply, and deliver; 5. Women at the centre to ensure success
  17. 17. ACGG: indigenous breeds to empower smallholders; private sector key in delivery
  18. 18. CRP Livestock and Fish: transforming value chains, ‘by and for the poor’
  19. 19. Value Chain Transformation and Scaling Systems Analysis for Sustainable Innovation Transforming value chains, ‘by and for the poor’ Animal Health Genetics Feeds and forages Technologies
  20. 20. Livestock CRP: animal health focus Economic and social impact of health constraints Access to services and products for the poor (PPPs) Technologies
  21. 21. One Health: healthy animals  healthy people Interventions • Control of zoonoses • Meat inspection • Milk safety (Abergelle, Borana) • Food safety • Aflatoxins
  22. 22. Food system biodiversity and nutrition we’ve shown that as diversity in national food supplies increases, % stunting decreases 0 20 40 60 −2 0 2 Shannon−Weaver %Stunted 0 5 10 15 20 −2 Shannon−Weaver %Wasted40 Coefficient -3.10*** Adj R2 0.707 %stuntingamongchildren<5 Supply Diversity (Shannon diversity) Remans et al. GFS 2014; also adapted by SUN 2014 Ethiopia: low diversity in food supply, high levels of stunting • Controlling for # socio- economic factors • size of bullet = GNI per capita • Low diet diversity in Ethiopia is also well reported on at individual and household level (e.g. Headey 2014, Hirvonen et al. 2014)
  23. 23. Leverage points to increase biodiversity for healthy diets and sustainable food systems in Ethiopia Focus areas Approach • Whole-diet approach • People centered • Landscape focus Dietary diversity Nutrient-rich foods Sustainable diets and food systems Nutrition-sensitive landscapes
  24. 24. Nutrition-sensitive landscapes Overall hypotheses • Changing dietary patterns and food systems is a critical pathway to environmental restoration and improving human health • Environmental restoration and management of agricultural landscapes is a critical pathway to improve human nutrition and health Environment farming & food systems Human nutrition & health
  25. 25. Agricultural biodiversity: at the nexus of dietary quality and environment Agriculture without proper management Loss of nutrients, soil erosion, biodiversity Declining crop productivity and diversity Environmental degradation Inadequate diets and malnutrition (state of well-being) Declining labour productivity (Background framework of WLE project in Ethiopia)
  26. 26. Water and natural resources Access to water a fundamental constraint for food security and development out of poverty in the region. Specific issues: • Natural resource management • Expanding irrigation - Value Chain • Climate change • Water- energy nexus • Governance and transboundary issues • Capacity development Ownership and sustainability of solutions is key; collaboration essential
  27. 27. Water partnerships Donors: • USAID, DFID, BMGF, EU, IFAD, SDC International (Research and Education): • Universities: (Cornell, Wageningen, Aberdeen, Tanzania, Uganda) • Agencies: FAO, UNEP • CGIAR centres National: • Ministries (MoWIE, MoA) • ATA, NARS, universities Implementers: • CARE, IDE, Send a Cow, development agents Swiss (!): • University of Bern, ETH Zurich, WLRC
  28. 28. Drylands and resilience – Index-based livestock insurance (IBLI) for pastoralists • Helps pastoralists cope with drought by protecting livestock – their greatest ‘living’ asset. • Research launched in 2008, pilot in N Kenya in 2010 and in S Ethiopia in 2012. • Combines contract design, monitoring and evaluation and impact assessment with capacity development, extension and implementation support and policy and institutional development Some outcomes • Over 10,000 pastoralists have purchased IBLI in Kenya and Southern Ethiopia. • IBLI coverage has led to 36% reduction in likelihood of distress livestock sales; and 25% reduction in likelihood of reducing meals as a coping strategy in times of drought. • IBLI increases investments in maintaining livestock through vet expenditures; it results in increased milk production and incomes.
  29. 29. IBLI in action
  30. 30. IBLI components • Contract design: Data demands (long term series, reliable, non-manipulable). Contract precision (minimizing “basis risk”, maximizing value) • Evidence of value and impact: Household level: Welfare improvements, behavioural change. National level: Operational and fiscal efficiency • Establish informed effective demand: Clientele with little experience with any insurance. Extension, capacity development, marketing. Low cost delivery mechanisms (supply chain): Build critical mass of clients/recipients. Sales transactions platforms, information and extension, indemnity payments Policy and institutional development: Regulations, oversight, effective public provision etc.
  31. 31. IBLI partners • With sales since 2012 in Borana, Ethiopia, IBLI has insured 2,613 pastoralists with livestock valued at $1.15M (15 x/r) and has paid out $31K in indemnities through Oromia Insurance Co. Looking to expand to other pastoral regions of Ethiopia • With sales since 2010 in Kenya, IBLI has insured 7,454 pastoralists with livestock valued at $3.5M (75 x/r) and has paid out $141K in indemnities through TIA, APA, and UAP. IBLI is present in 5 counties and expanding to more in late 2015. • With the World Bank and the Government of Kenya, the Kenya Livestock Insurance Program will launch in August/September 2015. • It will offer limited IBLI 5000 contracts to targeted individuals in Northern Kenya with possible subsidies to the general public in later years.
  32. 32. Drylands and resilience – Technical Consortium for Building Resilience in the Horn of Africa • ILRI-hosted; a project of the CGIAR to provide technical support to IGAD member states to help implement their Arid and Semi- Arid Lands’ (ASAL) investment plans. • Provides tools, analytical frameworks, datasets and decision support so donors, NGOs, development partners and national governments can improve TARGETING, monitor progress, and measure the IMPACT of their investments and interventions to enhance resilience in the Horn of Africa • Multiple partners from academia, international research organizations, international development consultancy and NGOs.
  33. 33. TC partners: serving IGAD member states
  34. 34. Key points • Strong and evolving partnerships – national, with government at all levels; CGIAR • Growing opportunities with private sector - input supplies, processing and post-harvest, service delivery, using ICT, insurance, cooperatives … • Farmers themselves, in Ethiopia, becoming more and more market oriented • Scope to cooperate more with Swiss expertise
  36. 36. Q&A • Boni Moyo, ILRI Director General’s representative in Ethiopia • Barbara Wieland, ILRI • Carlo Fadda, Country Director, Bioversity International • Simon Langan, Head of Office Nile Basin and East Africa, International Water Management Institute • Andrew Mude, ILRI • Peter Ballantyne, ILRI Science for a food-secure future