Arm vra & pcva arm


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Arm vra & pcva arm

  2. 2. Page 2 PROCESS AND RESULTS OF PILOTING A METHODOLOGY FOR ASSESSING VULNERABILITY IN ARMENIA NUMBER OF BENEFICIARIES: 400 (200 women and 200 men) LOCATION – Vayots Dzor (Hermon) and Tavush (Aknaghbyur) regions of Armenia STAFF AND PARTNER NAMES: OXFAM Economic Justice team (2 persons) BSC – Business Support Centre SCVIC – Scientific Centre for Vegetable and Industrial Crop PROJECT DURATION; 2012-2015
  3. 3. Page 3 SECTION I: CONTEXT ANALYSIS Armenia Population: 3.1 million GDP per capita $5,279 Gender inequality ranking (out of 146): 60 Rural Poverty rate: 37% Number of farmers: 340,000 Country challenges: • Big number of small-holder farmers, • Unfavourable weather conditions • Weak involvement of private sector, • Lack of sufficient natural resources, • Lack of market access • Lack of access to agricultural services, • Lack of access to extension services, • Lack of access to financial resources (credits, micro-credits)
  4. 4. Page 4 SECTION II: INTERVENTIONS  The Pre-Vulnerability Assessment tool was introduced to OXFAM and implementing partners’ staff members,  The Pre-Vulnerability tool was thoroughly discussed and adapted to local realities, namely Aknaghbyur and Hermon villages, focusing on main agriculture sectors/activities which were potentially the most vulnerable risks related to climate change disaster as well as socio-economic and political conditions in the region: based on joint/participatory discussions the most vulnerable and sensitive sectors/activities and possible impacts on them were identified,  The assessment format and way was identified: local level workshop was more preferable and efficient rather than discussions at national level conditioned with the need to collect as much as possible precise information on community level which should be further incorporated in regional and national initiatives that address local livelihood issues;  The main group of participants selected: to ensure comprehensiveness of information the expert representatives of OXFAM partners (BSC and SCVIC), Aknaghbyur and Hermon municipalities and agri- cooperative as well as Tavush and Vayots Dzor Regional Rescue Departments and Regional Agricultural Support Centers(RASC) were invited to the workshop.  Sectors and hazards were finalized and narrowed down based on feedback from participants; taking into account the intensiveness of discussions and relevance of some of sectors main focus was paid mostly to the horticulture production, NTFP business, Livestock and pasture/fodder issues taking into account their dependency on such factors as water dependency, agri- input supply, issues related to access to market and conflict with Azerbaijan.  Vegetable cultivation/production outdoors and in greenhouse were assessed separately to show the difference in the level of exposure and sensitivity of these two cultivation methods  Impact chain analysis
  5. 5. Page 5 SECTION III: STAKEHOLDER ANALYSIS Main stakeholders • Municipal authorities, • Community Agricultural Cooperatives, • Regional Rescue Departments of Ministry of Emergency Situations, • Regional Agricultural Support Centres of the Ministry of Agriculture
  6. 6. Page 6 SECTION IV: ACHIEVMENTS Sector/Crop Activity Hailstorm Seasonalfrost Waterscarcity/Drought (originalsources) Wateringdependency (notlocallysourced) Higherseasonaltemp. Heatdays/wildfires Strongwind Increasedpreci-pitation Poorsoilfertility Mudflow Landslide Aginputs Accesstomarkets Borderconflictw/Az. Horticulture productionVegetables (outdoors) 0 3 2 1 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 2 N/A 2 Horticulture productionGreenhouse (tomato, cucumber, greens, ...)3 3 N/A 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 3 2 2 2 Horticulture productionPersimon 1 1 2 2 3 2 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 2 Horticulture productionFigs 3 0 2 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 NTFP Berries (cornelian) 3 2 3 N/A 2 N/A 3 1 N/A N/A 3 N/A 3 2 Livestock Meat and dairy N/A N/A 3 N/A 3 3 N/A 3 N/A N/A 3 3 3 2 Horticulture productionHay (fodder) 3 N/A 1 N/A 1 2 3 3 N/A 3 3 3 N/A 2 S3 S2 S1 S0 N/A E3 3 3 2 2 N/A E2 3 2 1 1 N/A E1 2 2 1 0 N/A E0 2 1 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A PV3 PV2 PV1 PV0 Not relevant to the sector/crop/activity Sector/crop/activity is largely exempt from negative climate impacts and other political economy factors Sector/crop/activity is likely to be partially effected by climate impacts and political economy factors Sector/crop/activity is likely to be considerably effected by climate impacts and political economy factors Sector/crop/activity is likely to be overwhelmingly effected by climate impacts and political economy factors PV PV Increasingpre- vulnerability
  7. 7. Page 7 SECTION IV: IMACT CHAIN ANALYSIS Fumingation (using fume) Loss of seeds Poverty Decrease of agricultural production Land degradation Less capability to access to agroinput Loss of fig yield Seasonal Frost Income loss Intense social issues Seasonal migration to Russia Shortage of male resources in border villages National security chellenges Persimon loss Vegetanle/potato loss Increase of import from Georgia to cover the loss Problems with municipal budget performance Shortage of financial resources Loan debts Debt accumulation Change seeding periods State and foreign loans Obtain resistant crops Mulching technologies • Seasonal frosts and hailstorms and water scarcity were identified as a main hazards causing considerable impact on agriculture • Impact chain analysis for seasonal frost and water scarcity were conducted through identification of consequence effect for each issue (e.g. decreased income, loss of yield, migration etc) as well as trying to identify adaptive measures undertaken for specific challenge if available (e.g. mulching, loans etc);
  8. 8. Page 8 SECTION VI: LEARNING AND RECOMMENDATIONS • Specific data available on exposure and sensitivity for each sector to specific hazards • Understanding on what specific impacts for each hazard with opportunity to build on existing adaptive capacities; • Building of adaptive capacity within the initially identified interventions, • Revising of initial resilience action plan and reassessing if new areas have to be considered or budget reallocated beyond identified priorities.