Update on the Ethiopia sheep and goats value chain development project

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Presented by Barbara Rischkowsky, ICARDA, at the Ethiopia Small Ruminants Value Chain Strategy and Implementation Planning Workshop, Addis Ababa, 13-14 June 2014

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  • Update on the Ethiopia sheep and goats value chain development project

    1. 1. Update on the Ethiopia sheep and goats value chain development project Barbara Rischkowsky ICARDA Ethiopia small ruminants value chain strategy and implementation planning workshop, Addis Ababa, 13-14 June 2014
    2. 2. THE CORE PROBLEM THE CAUSES Insufficient feed resources (climate and land availability) Poorly developed markets Lack of effective policies and institutions Feed shortage and/or utilization Lack of research and technology transfer WHOLE VALUE CHAIN INPUTS & SERVICES PRODUCTION MARKETINGPROCESSING CONSUMPTION High morbidity and mortality High market pricesLow income of VC actors Food insecurity Malnutrition Hidden hungerPovertyTHE IMPACT Degradation of resource base Lack of knowledge and skills in SR management Poor performance of sheep and goat value chains ASF quality and safety Inadequate input supplies Weak linkages between producers and markets Disease pressure Problem statement
    3. 3. Objective: to improve the performance of sheep and goat meat value chains in Ethiopia and in doing so to improve livelihoods, incomes and assets, particularly of women, through increased productivity, reduced risk and improved market access along the value chain. Vision: By 2020, we see poor men and women enjoying increased levels of production, income and nutritious consumption derived from sustainable sheep and goat value chains Objective and vision
    4. 4. Intermediate outcomes • Priority VC constraints lessened or resolved • Partnerships with major stakeholders established and additional investments aligned • Herd productivity increased by 25% (measured as increase in offtake (proportion of animals (kg) sold or consumed in a year of total animals (kg) kept) Ultimate outcomes (after scaling phase) • 7000 SR producing households at seven sites participate in the program • Farmers and other value chain actors have increased access to livestock inputs and outputs services • Increase in annual sheep and goat meat production of 250 tonnes for urban and export markets VC Outcomes
    5. 5. The process in Ethiopia up to now
    6. 6. From assessment to interventions: steps taken 1. Consultative site selection process through national and regional consultation meetings and site visits (June-Oct 2012)
    7. 7. Selected sites Region District Partner project Research Center Goat Value Chains Abergelle Amhara/ Tigray Sazba (Amhara) Felegehiwot (Tigray) BecaHub Goat Project Sekota TARI Negelle Borena Oromia Dillo (Borana) Bore Goat and Sheep Value Chain Shinelle Somali Shinelle Haromaya University Sheep Value Chains Menz Amhara Molale and Mehal Meda Debre Berhan Horro Oromia Horro/Shambu Bako East Tigray Tigray Atsbi LIVES Mekelle Adillo/Wolaita SNNP Doyogena SARI Funds Worabe Selected sites for sheep and goat value chains
    8. 8. Selected sites for sheep and goat value chains
    9. 9. From assessment to interventions: steps taken 1. Consultative site selection process through national and regional consultation meetings and site visits (June-Oct 2012) 2. Rapid Value Chain Analysis (VCA) at seven sites (Nov 2012-May 2013) 3. Three multi-stakeholder meetings for prioritization and planning of site-specific interventions involving about 70 persons (March/April 2013) 4. Testing/Implementation of prioritized best-bet interventions (July 2013-Dec 2016) 5. Workshop to define impact pathway s defined for four major intervention areas identified in the MS meetings (Feb. 2014) 6. Evaluation of interventions (pilot on CBBP in 2014)
    10. 10. Complimentary activities 1. Situational analysis (July 2013-June 2014) 2. Quantitative VCA (November 2013-September 2014) 3. Partnership consultations and landscaping (ongoing) 4. Reviews on technical intervention areas 5. Production Systems Studies 6. Feed Resource Assessment (FEAST) and Feed technology screening (TechFit)
    11. 11. Accomplishments
    12. 12. • Desk study on best practices and successes & failures of feed interventions (online) • Community-based breeding programs – state of the art and Research Priorities (online) • Sheep research in Ethiopia: Review of projects and thoughts on strategies (online) • Goat Research and Development in Ethiopia: Review of projects and thoughts on strategies (final stage) • SR Fattening Systems in Ethiopia (draft) Review Reports
    13. 13. Value Chain analysis Rapid (qualitative) Value chain analysis • Toolkit for rapid VCA for small ruminants (in Ethiopia) • 8 site reports from rapid value chain analysis including challenges and proposed interventions (http://livestockfish.cgiar.org/2014/04/10/ethiopia-vcreports/) • Synthesis report on rapid VCA (final stage) • Technical briefs on VCA results in English and Amharic (in preparation) • Review of Ethiopia small ruminant value chain rapid assessment: from a gender perspective (online) • Safe Food, Fair Food qualitative integrated assessment of small ruminant value chains in Ethiopia (completed) • Review of SFFF assessments from a gender perspective (completed)
    14. 14. Value Chain analysis (cont.) Benchmarking (quantitative VCA) • Toolkit for SR VC in Ethiopia developed (incl. additional food safety assessment module for three sites) • Sampling strategy developed • Mobile data collection with ODK tablets fully functional • Producer data (collected as part of the in-depth VCA) will also serve as baseline • Data collection at three sites completed
    15. 15. Research outputs Breeding and Genetics • Data Recording and Management System for SR (DREMS) • Evaluation report on sheep breeding programs at two VC sites • MSc thesis On-farm phenotypic characterization and performance evaluation of Bati, Borena and short eared Somali goat populations of Ethiopia • PhD thesis Effect of genetic improvement of sheep in Ethiopia: Systems analysis • PhD thesis Design of community-based breeding for Gumuz and Abergelle goat breeds • 8 ISI publications (2012-2014) • 7 contributions to ESAP Conference in Aug. 2013
    16. 16. Research outputs Feeds and Forages • 14 village reports on feed resources and technology assessment for 3 sites (online) • NIRS equations on barley developed and shared through CRP NIRS platform • Database on nutritional quality of food-feed cultivars in lentils, chickpea, field pea and faba bean with Ethiopian national programs (ongoing) • Database on Dryland Feeds (AFAWA) Marketing • MSc thesis on determinants of the decision to participate in the marketing of goats by rural households in Ethiopia • MSP platform report on marketing in Atsbi
    17. 17. Capacity development Post-Graduate training • 7 PhD students on breeding/modelling (2 completed and 5 ongoing) • 1 PhD on quantitative VCA (started) • 1 PhD on Desho grass, a local forage grass (ongoing) • 4 MSc students on production system/breed characterization and marketing (2 completed) • 2 MSc students on food-feed traits in lentils and chickpeas (ongoing) • 1 PhD on crop residue utilization with Africa Rising (started) • SFFF: 3 MSc students on pathogens in slaughterhouses (ongoing)
    18. 18. Capacity building Short-term training Courses • Rapid VC and food safety assessments (ILRI partner project SFFF), in Addis and Awassa, Nov. 2012 • Writeshop to complete VCA reports, in Addis, Feb. 2013 • Phenotypic Characterization of SR genetic resources, in Addis, Dec. 2012 • Molecular Characterization of SR genetic resources in Addis and Holetta, Sept. 2013 • Data recording and management system and estimation of breeding values, in Addis, Sept. 2013 • Quantitative VCA, in Addis, Nov. 2013 • FEAST and TechFit, in Addis, Nov. 2013 19
    19. 19. Testing of Interventions
    20. 20. Implementation of prioritized best-bet interventions Best-bets research interventions initiated • Genetic improvement program for sheep and goats at 5 sites (Menz, Horro, Abergelle, Atsbi, and Doyogana) • Pilot Multi-stakeholder Platform at district level marketing and market information initiated for Atsbi sheep (ILRI (LIVES)-ICARDA- SNV) • Optimizing SR Fattening Systems in Ethiopia (review, piloting and assessment tool) • Improving crop residue quality of grain legumes (jointly with Ethiopian national breeding programs) • Studies of meat safety in selected slaughterhouses 21
    21. 21. • Continuation of community- based breeding programs in three sites (Menz, Horro and Bonga) o Performance recording o Community selection and sharing of breeding rams o First evaluation report of progress Example: best-bet on improving genetics o Data Recording and Management System (DREMS) incl. mobile data recording in the field developed with Embrapa o Establishment of breeding cooperatives • Implementation framework for sheep breeding programs at new sites (draft report under review)
    22. 22. Planned best-bet Research and Development Interventions • Forage development and seed delivery in Doyogana (linked with CRP DS) • Parasite control and feed intervention in Borana (jointly with CRSP-Livestock Climate Change Project in Borana) • Assessment of safety of milk fermentation techniques (ILRI SFFF) to be linked with improvements in processing • Assessment of safety of raw meat (ILRI SFFF) • Diagnostic and epidemiological studies to identify key diseases and assess their economic importance • Smart marketing at 4 sites • Farmers’ trainings on improved husbandry measures (jointly SNV, LMD and LIVES) 23 Implementation on prioritized best-bet interventions
    23. 23. Partnership Development
    24. 24. Well-established partnerships • National and regional research institutes (research centers next to the sites) • Bureaus of Agriculture at district levels • Ethiopian Universities (Jimma, Haramaya, Addis Ababa) • Embrapa, Boku, OSU, CSU, University of Hohenheim Planned • WUR (and SLU?) 25 Partnership building: R4D partners
    25. 25. Initiated/ongoing • LIVES: integrated sheep VC sites in Atsbi with shared responsibilities • ILRI livestock master plan development: sceanarios for SR VC • SFFF: Assessment of safety of milk fermentation techniques • CRP DS: Forage development and seed delivery in Doyogana • SNV/LIVES: MSP in Atsbi • Africa Rising: crop residue utilization; food-feed cultivars; joint trainings; FEAST and TechFit too improvement • FAO: employment opportunities in SR VCs Planned • IFAD: collaboration with PCDPII and RUFIPII • SNV, LMD and LIVES: Capacity building program on improved husbandry measures for farmers; support for farmer and women cooperatives through LMD calls • SNV: fattening system guide for farmers • FAO: PPR control, PE studies • Innovation Lab Livestock Climate Change Project: Parasite control and feed intervention in Borana 26 Partnership building: areas of collaboration
    26. 26. Resource Mobilization
    27. 27. Project proposals in 2014 • CRP3.7 USAID Linkage Smart marketing along the small ruminants’ value chains in Horro and Menz ; ICARDA-ILRI; 40K, 7 April 2014 • IGAD (Intergovernmental Authority on Development) Strengthening institutional platforms for participatory actions towards sustainable sheep production in fragile ecosystems in Ethiopia , ICARDA, 200 K, 11 April 2014, pending. • IFAD Grant (Country Office) Improving the Performance of Pro- Poor Sheep Value Chains for Enhanced Livelihoods, Food and Nutrition Security in Ethiopia; ICARDA-ILRI, 1.2 Million, in revision • USDA Innovation Lab Livestock and CC (CSU): Improving livelihood of pastoralist communities in Borana through strategic feeding and gastro- intestinal nematode parasites control in goats; US$ 50 K, 9 June 2014 • BMZ small grant: related to Feed and Forages (in preparation)
    28. 28. Thank you! http://livestock-fish.wikispaces.com/VCD+Ethiopia http://livestockfish.cgiar.org/category/countries/ethiopia
    29. 29. CGIAR is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food secure future. The CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish aims to increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems in sustainable ways, making meat, milk and fish more available and affordable across the developing world. CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish livestockfish.cgiar.org

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