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PSYCHOSEXUAL
STAGES
OF
DEVELOPMENT
Nadeem Shoukat
MS Clinical Psychology
PSYCHOSEXUAL
STAGES
OF
DEVELOPMENT
Outline
1. Psychosexual stages introduction
2. Fixation
3. erogenous zones
4. Five Psychosexual Stages
5. Easy way to memorize stages
Psychosexual Stages of Development
• Psychosexual stages were given by Sigmund Freud.
• According to him, personality is mostly established by the age of five.
Early experiences play a large role in personality development and
continue to influence behavior later in life.
• Freud believed that personality develops through a series of
childhood stages during which the pleasure-seeking energies of the Id
become focused on certain erogenous areas. This psychosexual
energy, or libido (sex drive), was described as the driving force behind
behavior.
Fixation
• Fixation is the psychoanalytic defense mechanism that occurs when
the individual remains locked in an earlier developmental stage
because needs are under- or over-gratified.
• This means the child would show continued attachment to an old
stage even after moving on to a new one as per his/her age.
• This results into problematic behavior patterns
Erogenous Zones
According to Freud, Erogenous zones are
parts of the body that have especially strong
pleasure-giving qualities at particular stages
of development. These parts/zones of the
body are sensitive to touch, like mouth, anus,
and genitals Which are referred to as
erogenous zones.
Psychosexual Stages
1. The Oral Stage - (Birth to 18 months)
2. The Anal Stage - (18 months to 3 years)
3. The Phallic Stage - (3 to 6 years)
4. The Latent Stage - (6 years to puberty)
5. The Genital Stage - (Puberty on)
1. Oral Stage
In this phase individual showed his satisfaction through mouth like drinking
and sucking. Mother is the only object that provides satisfaction. Whenever
child feels alone or insecure himself he began to cry or suck something, it
may be his own thumb or parts of his clothes. Unsatisfaction in this stage can
lead the individual inhabit of sucking thumb and nail all the time or
whenever anxious.
Fixation at this stage
• Overeating or Pessimism
• Smoking
• Envy
• Suspicion
• Dependency
• Passivity
2. Anal Stage
1. In this phase parents gives toilet training to children.
2. If parents are too strict or begin toilet training too early, Freud
believed that an anal-retentive personality develops in which the
individual is
• Stringent
• Orderly
• Obsessive
3. If parents take an approach that is too lenient, Freud suggested
that an anal-expulsive personality could develop in which the
individual is
• Messy
• Wasteful
• destructive
Anal-retentive personality Anal-expulsive personality
3. Phallic Stage
In this stage libidinal energy focused on biological sex organs. Object of
libidinal desire is parents of opposite sex. Following phenomena occurs in this
stage as a result of realization of sex in children.
Oedipus Complex: In this complex boys become much attached to their
mothers and develop negative attitude and feeling of jealousy towards fathers.
The child also fears that he will be punished by the father for these feelings, a
fear Freud termed castration anxiety.
Electra Complex: In this complex girls start loving with their fathers and
develop negative attitude and feeling towards their mothers.
Fixation at this stage
• Reckless or afraid of love
• Narcissistic
• Self-Assured or Selfish
• Poor Opposite sex relationships
4. Latency Stage
• At this stage, sexual drive lay dormant. The stage begins around the
time that children enter into school and become more concerned
with peer relationships, hobbies and other interests.
• Sexual energy is still present, but it is directed into other areas such as
intellectual pursuits and social interactions.
• This stage is important in the development of social and
communication skills and self-confidence.
Fixation at this stage
A sign of fixation in this stage is a lack of close friends.
5. Genital Stage
The genital stage commences at puberty and continuous throughout the
remaining of adult life. Sexual attraction, Socialization, Group activities,
Vocational planning and preparation of marrying and raising family. The
person transformed from a pleasure seeking infant into a reality oriented,
socialized adult.
Fixation at this stage
• Guilt about sexuality
• Feelings of inadequacy
• Poor sexual relationships
• Anxious feelings regarding the opposite sex
Easy Way to Memorize Psychosexual Stages
Ser Stage Mnemonic
1. Oral Old
2. Anal Age
3. Phallic Parents
4. Latency Love
5. Genital Grapes
Message to all viewers
"‫ہ‬‫ا‬‫ت‬‫ہ‬‫ا‬‫چ‬‫دل‬‫کا‬‫پ‬‫آ‬‫و‬‫ج‬‫وہ‬‫کرو‬ ‫گر‬‫م‬‫کی‬ ‫ب‬‫س‬‫و‬‫ن‬ُ‫س‬‫ے‬"
Nadeem Shoukat
Clinical Psychologist
THANKS
FOR
WATCHING
My
VIDEO
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Psychosexual stages of development

  • 2.
  • 5. Outline 1. Psychosexual stages introduction 2. Fixation 3. erogenous zones 4. Five Psychosexual Stages 5. Easy way to memorize stages
  • 6. Psychosexual Stages of Development • Psychosexual stages were given by Sigmund Freud. • According to him, personality is mostly established by the age of five. Early experiences play a large role in personality development and continue to influence behavior later in life. • Freud believed that personality develops through a series of childhood stages during which the pleasure-seeking energies of the Id become focused on certain erogenous areas. This psychosexual energy, or libido (sex drive), was described as the driving force behind behavior.
  • 7. Fixation • Fixation is the psychoanalytic defense mechanism that occurs when the individual remains locked in an earlier developmental stage because needs are under- or over-gratified. • This means the child would show continued attachment to an old stage even after moving on to a new one as per his/her age. • This results into problematic behavior patterns
  • 8. Erogenous Zones According to Freud, Erogenous zones are parts of the body that have especially strong pleasure-giving qualities at particular stages of development. These parts/zones of the body are sensitive to touch, like mouth, anus, and genitals Which are referred to as erogenous zones.
  • 9. Psychosexual Stages 1. The Oral Stage - (Birth to 18 months) 2. The Anal Stage - (18 months to 3 years) 3. The Phallic Stage - (3 to 6 years) 4. The Latent Stage - (6 years to puberty) 5. The Genital Stage - (Puberty on)
  • 10. 1. Oral Stage In this phase individual showed his satisfaction through mouth like drinking and sucking. Mother is the only object that provides satisfaction. Whenever child feels alone or insecure himself he began to cry or suck something, it may be his own thumb or parts of his clothes. Unsatisfaction in this stage can lead the individual inhabit of sucking thumb and nail all the time or whenever anxious. Fixation at this stage • Overeating or Pessimism • Smoking • Envy • Suspicion • Dependency • Passivity
  • 11. 2. Anal Stage 1. In this phase parents gives toilet training to children. 2. If parents are too strict or begin toilet training too early, Freud believed that an anal-retentive personality develops in which the individual is • Stringent • Orderly • Obsessive 3. If parents take an approach that is too lenient, Freud suggested that an anal-expulsive personality could develop in which the individual is • Messy • Wasteful • destructive Anal-retentive personality Anal-expulsive personality
  • 12. 3. Phallic Stage In this stage libidinal energy focused on biological sex organs. Object of libidinal desire is parents of opposite sex. Following phenomena occurs in this stage as a result of realization of sex in children. Oedipus Complex: In this complex boys become much attached to their mothers and develop negative attitude and feeling of jealousy towards fathers. The child also fears that he will be punished by the father for these feelings, a fear Freud termed castration anxiety. Electra Complex: In this complex girls start loving with their fathers and develop negative attitude and feeling towards their mothers. Fixation at this stage • Reckless or afraid of love • Narcissistic • Self-Assured or Selfish • Poor Opposite sex relationships
  • 13. 4. Latency Stage • At this stage, sexual drive lay dormant. The stage begins around the time that children enter into school and become more concerned with peer relationships, hobbies and other interests. • Sexual energy is still present, but it is directed into other areas such as intellectual pursuits and social interactions. • This stage is important in the development of social and communication skills and self-confidence. Fixation at this stage A sign of fixation in this stage is a lack of close friends.
  • 14. 5. Genital Stage The genital stage commences at puberty and continuous throughout the remaining of adult life. Sexual attraction, Socialization, Group activities, Vocational planning and preparation of marrying and raising family. The person transformed from a pleasure seeking infant into a reality oriented, socialized adult. Fixation at this stage • Guilt about sexuality • Feelings of inadequacy • Poor sexual relationships • Anxious feelings regarding the opposite sex
  • 15. Easy Way to Memorize Psychosexual Stages Ser Stage Mnemonic 1. Oral Old 2. Anal Age 3. Phallic Parents 4. Latency Love 5. Genital Grapes
  • 16. Message to all viewers "‫ہ‬‫ا‬‫ت‬‫ہ‬‫ا‬‫چ‬‫دل‬‫کا‬‫پ‬‫آ‬‫و‬‫ج‬‫وہ‬‫کرو‬ ‫گر‬‫م‬‫کی‬ ‫ب‬‫س‬‫و‬‫ن‬ُ‫س‬‫ے‬" Nadeem Shoukat Clinical Psychologist