A systematic designing of theclassroom environment to createconditions in which effective teachingan learning can occur(Smith, et.al,2006). Requiring teachers to be skillful in directingclassroom activities to make students busyand discipline. Rules were imposed and students werestrictly monitored never to break.Focused on the mastery of 3R’s, obedienceand compliance.
The ability of teachers andstudents to agree upon and carryforward a common framework forsocial and academic interactionsby creating an ethos within asocial fabric that is built overtime, and ultimately leads tostudent self-discipline(Freibergand Lapointe, 2006).
Shifted from one-way flow of interaction toan environment of shared responsibility andlearning. Shifted from obedience and compliance toprocedures which advance self-discipline.Emphasizes on the concerted efforts of boththe teacher and students to create aneffective learning environment.
Stimulating and supportiveenvironment Reasonable expectations fromthe learners and Opportunities for all students toexperience success.
Setting the stagePhysical environmentEnriching the classroomenvironmentAcademic materials and textInterest boostingHumorOrganized lessonsPositive expectations
Comfort and OrderComfort - as described at school (in theclassroom) refers to physical comfort.Room temperatureArrangement of furnitureAvailability of wall spacesSeating arrangementTraffic patternsInterest centersStorage of materialsSignageVisual appearance of the classroom
Order - refers to identifiable routines andguidelines for acceptable behavior in theclass.Beginning classEnding classInterruptionsInstructional proceduresNon-instructional proceduresGrading systemGeneral conductCommunication procedures
How to arrange desks and otherfurniture. When to take breaks and what kind ofbreaks they will be. What to display on the bulletin boardsand walls.
Setting the classroom climateStudent factors- students’attitude about school and theirrelationship with their teachersand other school authoritiesTeachers factors – teacher’sdisposition , competencies andskills and behaviorCommunication skills
Peer factors – peer influence inin the process of socialization,bolstering self-confidence andproviding a sense of identity andbelonging.Family-related factors – parents’interest is exemplified by thedegree of involvement in thechild’s education.
Creating and increasingdesirable behaviorsDecreasing undesirablebehaviorsGeneralization and maintenanceDeveloping self-management
Classroom Management by O.Beriones Dañocup, 2010Student Teachers’ Manual forObservation and Participation byBrenda B. Corpuz, et.al, 2002www.slidesshare.netNote: Lecture available @http://www.slideshare.net/MariaMarthaManetteMadrid/classroom-management-21543793