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Ma. Martha Manette A. Madrid, Ed.D.
                                Professor
            College of Teacher Education
   Panpacific University North Philippines
   Urdaneta City, Pangasinan, Philippines
               martzmonette@yahoo.com
Besides a brain (and the knowledge of the
 language), what do you need to use the
           spoken language?


  These are the speech organs.
Lips
- they serve  for creating different sounds -
 mainly the labial, bilabial (e.g. /p/, /b/, /m/,
 /hw/, and /w/) and labio-dental consonant
 sounds (e. g. /f/ and /v/ - and thus create an
 important part of the speech apparatus.
Upper Lip


  Lower Lip
- small whitish structures found in
jaws
- responsible for creating sounds
mainly the labio-dental (e.g. /f/
and /v/and lingua-dental (e.g. /ð/and
/θ/)
Teeth
tongue
- with its wide variety of possible
movements, it assists in forming the
sounds of speech.
TONGUE

 Back
 Middle(Dorsum)


Front(Blade)

Tip(Apex)
Alveolar ridge
- hard ridge behind the upper front
  teeth. It is between the roof of the
  mouth and the upper teeth.
 For the sound /s/, air from the lungs
 passes continuously through the mouth,
 but the tongue is raised sufficiently close
 to the alveolar ridge (the section of the
 upper jaw containing the tooth sockets) to
 cause friction as it partially blocks the air
 that passes.
Alveolar Ridge
Hard palate
 a thin horizontal bony plate of the skull,
  located in the roof of the mouth.
 the interaction between the tongue and
  the hard palate is essential in the
  formation of certain speech sounds,
  notably /t/, /d/, and /j/.
Hard Palate
Velum (soft palate)
- it should have holes forming that function
 during speech to separate the oral cavity
 (mouth) from the nose, in order to produce
 the oral speech sounds. If this separation
 is incomplete, air escapes through the
 nose during speech and the speech is
 perceived as hyper nasal.
Velum or Soft
Palate
Uvula
-   it functions in tandem with the back of the
    throat, the palate, and air coming up from
    the lungs to create a number of guttural
    and other sounds.
-   In many languages, it closes to prevent air
    escaping through the nose when making
    some sounds.
Uvula
Glottis
 combination of vocal folds and space in
  between the folds
 as the vocal folds vibrate, the resulting
  vibration produces a “buzzing” quality to
  the speech called voice or voicing or
  pronunciation.
 sound production involving only the glottis
  is called glottal. Example is the sound /h/.
Glottis
SPEECH ORGANS
Alveolar ridge
                                        Hard Palate



                                 Soft Palate
  Upper lip
                                  Uvula

Lower lip
                                 Back

                                 Middle(Dorsum)
    Teeth
                                 Front(Blade)
                                 Tip (Apex)

                                   Glottis
THANK YOU!

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The organs of speech and their function

  • 1. Ma. Martha Manette A. Madrid, Ed.D. Professor College of Teacher Education Panpacific University North Philippines Urdaneta City, Pangasinan, Philippines martzmonette@yahoo.com
  • 2. Besides a brain (and the knowledge of the language), what do you need to use the spoken language? These are the speech organs.
  • 3. Lips - they serve for creating different sounds - mainly the labial, bilabial (e.g. /p/, /b/, /m/, /hw/, and /w/) and labio-dental consonant sounds (e. g. /f/ and /v/ - and thus create an important part of the speech apparatus.
  • 4. Upper Lip Lower Lip
  • 5. - small whitish structures found in jaws - responsible for creating sounds mainly the labio-dental (e.g. /f/ and /v/and lingua-dental (e.g. /ð/and /θ/)
  • 7. tongue - with its wide variety of possible movements, it assists in forming the sounds of speech.
  • 9. Alveolar ridge - hard ridge behind the upper front teeth. It is between the roof of the mouth and the upper teeth.
  • 10.  For the sound /s/, air from the lungs passes continuously through the mouth, but the tongue is raised sufficiently close to the alveolar ridge (the section of the upper jaw containing the tooth sockets) to cause friction as it partially blocks the air that passes.
  • 12. Hard palate  a thin horizontal bony plate of the skull, located in the roof of the mouth.  the interaction between the tongue and the hard palate is essential in the formation of certain speech sounds, notably /t/, /d/, and /j/.
  • 14. Velum (soft palate) - it should have holes forming that function during speech to separate the oral cavity (mouth) from the nose, in order to produce the oral speech sounds. If this separation is incomplete, air escapes through the nose during speech and the speech is perceived as hyper nasal.
  • 16. Uvula - it functions in tandem with the back of the throat, the palate, and air coming up from the lungs to create a number of guttural and other sounds. - In many languages, it closes to prevent air escaping through the nose when making some sounds.
  • 17. Uvula
  • 18. Glottis  combination of vocal folds and space in between the folds  as the vocal folds vibrate, the resulting vibration produces a “buzzing” quality to the speech called voice or voicing or pronunciation.  sound production involving only the glottis is called glottal. Example is the sound /h/.
  • 20. SPEECH ORGANS Alveolar ridge Hard Palate Soft Palate Upper lip Uvula Lower lip Back Middle(Dorsum) Teeth Front(Blade) Tip (Apex) Glottis