Classroom Management and Organization


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Classroom Management and Organization

  1. 1. Classroom Management and Organization Jennelyn Castro
  2. 2. What is Effective Classroom Management? <ul><li>Effective classroom management consists of teacher behaviors that produce high levels of student involvement in classroom activities, minimal amounts of student behavior that interfere with the teacher’s or other students’ work, and efficient use of instructional time. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers that are effective classroom managers have: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Planned rules and procedures carefully </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Systematically taught these to students </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Organized instruction to maximize student task engagement and success </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Communicated directions and expectations to students. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. An effective teacher understands child growth and development. <ul><ul><li>Children develop through predictable stages. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth is deeply influenced by culture, personality, and environment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social and physical development and intelligence do not proceed for all children at the same rate. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. An effective teacher understands issues that affect adolescent growth and behavior. <ul><ul><li>Children need to feel valued. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learners need to have fun and freedom. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning needs to be practical and applicable. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mistakes arise from inexperience. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer pressure is intense for teens. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional energy in teens runs high. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. An effective teacher recognizes cognitive and cultural diversity. <ul><ul><li>Students learn through different modalities, styles, and a variety of multiple intelligences. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning is affected by students’ cultural perceptions and background experiences </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Establishing a Positive Climate <ul><li>Promote and Maintain High Expectations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Announce and post statements that communicate high expectations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reinforce high expectations through consistency. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Celebrate success. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dress for success and respect. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Know Your Students </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Activate prior knowledge in activities, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure learning opportunities promote diversity and offer multicultural perspectives on issues and experiences. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Engage All Students in the Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Process </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a system to ensure all students are called on and have an opportunity to participate. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Organizing Your Classroom <ul><li>Ensure Furniture Arrangement Promotes Learning Opportunities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider traffic flow for teacher proximity and student movement. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrange student seating to allow for maximum visibility and accessibility to the learning activities and to limit distractibility. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create room arrangements that allow for flexibility and activities that may require movement. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Have a Seating Chart </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have a seating chart ready before students arrive. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have a plan for helping them find their seats. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maintain Plans for Materials and Assignment </li></ul><ul><li>Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have bins or folders for student assignments. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Place materials for student activities in a regular location for student access. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Always have materials and equipment checked and ready before students arrive. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Create Bulletin Boards that Foster Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be sure bulletin boards are informative, relevant, aesthetic, and related to class activities. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Developing Rules, Routines, and Procedures <ul><li>Create and Communicate (Verbally and in Writing) </li></ul><ul><li>Fair Expectations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a limited number of rules (three to five) that are clear, specific, and stated positively. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involve students in the process of understanding, developing, and implementing rules and procedures. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reinforce rules by practicing them with students. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Develop Routines and Procedures for Tasks </li></ul><ul><li>that Occur Regularly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify specific activities and develop a step-by-step procedure for completing the activity (e.g., sharpening pencils, turning in assignments, arrival and dismissal, quieting the class, etc.). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practice these procedures with students. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Set Up a System of Specific Consequences </li></ul><ul><li>and Rewards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be sure consequences are reasonable and logical to the situation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be consistent and fair in applying consequences. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Preparing for Instruction <ul><li>Plan for Long-range Units and Daily Instruction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In planning, consider the following: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>purposes for instruction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>prerequisite learning needed to accomplish the goals for instruction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>procedures to be followed by students to achieve the objectives for instruction. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilize appropriate resources for instructional planning such as Scope and Sequence documents, curriculum guides, and textbooks and instruction resources (including print and non-print materials). </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Develop Plans that Include Best Practices for </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional Delivery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diagnose the strengths and weaknesses of students and use these to guide instruction. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop lesson and unit plans from curriculum and perceived needs of students. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide continuity between lessons and make this clear to students. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Include materials and activities for students according to their needs, interests, and abilities at the appropriate level of difficulty. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Base assignments on the objectives of instruction and provide opportunities for students to practice the instruction in guided and independent activities and/or projects. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assess students based on their accomplishment of the stated objectives. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Managing Behavior <ul><li>Be Proactive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify the causes of misbehavior and develop routines and experiences that reduce these occurrences. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilize proximity to monitor student involvement and behavior. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Model appropriate behaviors. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicate and reinforce class rules and procedures. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implement your school’s peer mediation and conflict resolution plan to maintain peaceable behaviors. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use verbal and non-verbal cues to redirect inappropriate behaviors. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Be Consistent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow through with all infractions by following the school’s behavior management plan and the student code of conduct. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicate both positive and negative behaviors with parents and students. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use appropriate consequences. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immediately correct behaviors. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help students to recognize inappropriate behaviors and related consequences. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use neutral language when correcting behaviors. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Maintaining Momentum <ul><li>Expect the Unexpected </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan for interruptions in case they occur. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Build a Culture of Excellence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote a continuous desire to learn. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not settle for less than students’ best efforts </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Reflect and Seek Out Support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn from your experiences and inevitable mistakes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask mentors, colleagues, and administrators for assistance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attend professional development. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Take Care of Yourself </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Build skills for time and task management. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find ways to relax, enjoy the job, and manage stress. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Celebrate success. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Video
  19. 19. Continuing…
  20. 20. <ul><li>QUESTIONS ? </li></ul>