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Open Education and Co-creation


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Guest lecture for the University of Edinburgh's Introduction to Online Distance Learning staff development course. October 2016

Published in: Education
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Open Education and Co-creation

  1. 1. Open Education & Co-Creation Lorna M. Campbell OER Liaison – Open Scotland, University of Edinburgh
  2. 2. Lorna M. Campbell @lornamcampbell
  3. 3. Open Scotland is a cross sector initiative that aims to raise awareness of open education, encourage the sharing of open educational resources, and explore the potential of open policy and practice to benefit all sectors of Scottish education.
  4. 4. • What is open education? • Open educational resources (OER) • Open educational practice • Open education at the University of Edinburgh • Open education and co-creation case study
  5. 5. What is open education? • A movement? • A practice? • A human right? • A philosophy? • A licensing issue? • A buzz word? • A way to save money?
  6. 6. “The worldwide OER movement is rooted in the human right to access high-quality education. The Open Education Movement is not just about cost savings and easy access to openly licensed content; it’s about participation and co- creation. Open Educational Resources (OER) offer opportunities for systemic change in teaching and learning content through engaging educators in new participatory processes and effective technologies for engaging with learning.” - OER Commons
  7. 7. Open education can encompass • Open educational resources • Open textbooks • Open licensing • Open assessment practices • Open badges • Open online courses • MOOCs (debatably) • Open data • Open Access scholarly works • Open source software • Open standards
  8. 8. What do we mean by open?
  9. 9. “What do we mean when we use the word? Free? Open access? Open enrollment? Open data? Openly- licensed materials, as in open educational resources or open source software? Open for discussion? Open for debate? Open to competition? Open for business? Open-ended intellectual exploration?” - What Do We Mean By Open Education Audrey Watters
  10. 10. Gratis: without price Libre: without restriction
  11. 11. Free as in beer / Free as in speech
  12. 12. But there is a third way….
  13. 13. Free as in puppies!
  14. 14. "OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge.” ~ The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
  15. 15. "teaching, learning and research materials in any medium, digital or otherwise, that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions.” ~ UNESCO
  16. 16. “Open educational resources (OER) are digital resources that are used in the context of teaching and learning (e.g. course material, images, video, multimedia resources, assessment items, etc.), which have been released by the copyright holder under an open licence (e.g. Creative Commons) permitting their use or re- purposing (re-use, revision, remixing, redistribution) by others.” ~ University of Edinburgh
  17. 17. What is OER?
  18. 18. CC licences are non-exclusive CC licences are irrevocable
  19. 19. The 5 Rs of OER
  20. 20. Open Education Practice
  21. 21. Open educational practices are teaching techniques that draw upon open technologies and high-quality OER to facilitate collaborative and flexible learning. They may involve students participating in online, peer production communities, any context where access to educational opportunity through freely available online content and services is the norm. Such activities may include, the creation, use and repurposing of OER. OEP can also include the open sharing of teaching practices and aim "to raise the quality of education and training and innovate educational practices on an institutional, professional and individual level".
  22. 22. Open education is not limited to just open educational resources. It also draws upon open technologies that facilitate collaborative, flexible learning and the open sharing of teaching practices that empower educators to benefit from the best ideas of their colleagues. It may also grow to include new approaches to assessment, accreditation and collaborative learning'. ~ The Cape Town Open Education Declaration
  23. 23. • Production, management, use and reuse of open educational resources. • Developing and applyingopen/public pedagogies in teaching practice. • Open learning and gaining access to open learning opportunities. • Practising open scholarship, to encompass open access publication, open science and open research. • Open sharing of teaching ideas and know-how. • Using open technologies (web-based platforms, applications and services) in an educational context. ~ What are 'open educational practices'?
  24. 24. University of Edinburgh OER Vision Three strands building on: • The history of the Edinburgh Settlement. • Excellent education and research collections. • Traditions of the Enlightenment and civic mission.
  25. 25. University of Edinburgh OER Vision For the common good • OER exchange to enrich University and the sector. • Support frameworks to enable staff to share OER created as a routine part of their work. • Enable staff to find and use high quality teaching materials developed within and beyond the University.
  26. 26. University of Edinburgh OER Vision Edinburgh at its best • Showcasing the highest quality learning and teaching. • Identify collections of high quality learning materials to be published online for flexible use, and made available as open courseware. • Enable the discovery of these materials to enhance the University’s reputation.
  27. 27. University of Edinburgh OER Vision Edinburgh’s treasures • Make available collections of unique resources to promote health, economic and cultural well-being. • Digitise, curate and share major collections of archives, treasures, museum resources to encourage public engagement with learning, study and research. • Develop policy and infrastructure to ensure OER collections are sustainable.
  28. 28. University of Edinburgh OER Policy • Approved by Learning and Teaching Committee. • Encourages staff and students to use, create and publish OERs to enhance the quality of the student experience. • Help colleagues make informed decisions about creating and using OER in support of the University’s OER Vision.
  29. 29. Wikimedian in Residence • Training and workshops to further quantity and quality of open knowledge and the University’s commitment to digital literacy. • Encourage more women editors to engage with Wikimedia. • Enhance coverage and prestige of articles about women. • WiR blog
  30. 30. OER and Co-Creation Case Study Open Content Curation Internship
  31. 31. Open education has played such an integral part of my life so far, and has given me access to knowledge that would otherwise have been totally inaccessible to me. It has genuinely changed my life, and likely the lives of many others. This freedom of knowledge can allow us to tear down the barriers that hold people back from getting a world class education – be those barriers class, gender or race. Open education is the future, and I am both proud of my university for embracing it, and glad that I can contribute even in a small way. Because every resource we release could be a life changed. And that makes it all worth it. ~ A Student’s Perspective on Open Education by Martin Tasker education/
  32. 32. Open Education is a large part of the reason I’m at Edinburgh studying physics, and I firmly believe that it is one of the keys to widening participation in education in a meaningful way. The proliferation of the internet among all classes in society means that a savvy university can reach those that would previously have had little access to education beyond their school years. And with our work in OERs, we can hopefully feed back some of the expertise of our academics into the classroom, raising the standard of teaching and taking some of the pressure off extremely overworked teachers. ~ Wrapping Up: My Time as an Open Content Curator Intern by Martin Tasker an-open-content-curator-intern/
  33. 33. • Open (red neon) – Marc Moss CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 • Open (red road sign) – iamdogjunkie CC BY 2.0 • Gratis – Abrazo Dan CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 • Free Culture Libre nico sagredo CC BY-NC 2.0) • Free Beer tomorrow Debbie R CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 • Free Speech zone Caitlyn_and_Kara CC BY 2.0 • Free puppies worldoflard CC BY-NC 2.0 • Creative Commons Licences, CC BY-SA 3.0 Licenses • Creative Commons Licences, © 2016 Foter Blog • Martin Tasker, Lorna M. Campbell, CC BY • All landscape photographs, Lorna M. Campbell, CC BY