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Juvenile delinquency


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2014 Uluslararası Lider Martılar Projeleri_No 15
2014 International ICT Leading Seagulls Projects #15

Published in: Self Improvement

Juvenile delinquency

  1. 1. Let’s start with the news!
  2. 2. From 1960 to 2000, There is 400% Increase !
  3. 3. MUGLA, TURKEY He is 15, but he involved in 70 robbery!
  4. 4. Chicago, USA She is 14, accused of killing another girl in a dispute over a boy
  5. 5. Bursa, turkey She is 14, killed his father with a knife
  6. 6. MINNESOTA, USA He is 17, »kill as many student as he could»
  7. 7. As you understand, our topic is about JUVENILE DELINQUENCY
  8. 8. What ıs juvenile delinquency ? Juvenile delinquency, also known as juvenile offending, or youth crime, is participation in illegal behavior by minors (juveniles) (individuals younger than the statutory age of majority).
  9. 9. Tıme to meet !
  10. 10. Juvenile Delinquency ED 313 Conflict Resolution
  11. 11. Group Information  Group Name: Advocates of children  Group Slogan: Children see, Children do.  Group Leader: Ferhat Özel  Group Members: Büşra Ertuğrul Büşra Kabak Sümeyra Tayfur
  12. 12. Group Information
  13. 13. Group Information  Group Average Age: 20,8  Group Meeting Time: Every Tuesday and Wednesday at 5 p.m.  Group Logo:
  14. 14.  Individuals tend to commit crime in their early ages. There are a lot of factors that affect committing crime in these ages. There is lack of awareness about how we can decrease crime tendency. This is because, people do not know the causes that push children into crime. What is the Problem?
  15. 15. Steps for the Solution  Brain-Storming Reasons for Juvenile Delinquency Psychological Factors Economic Factors Political Factors Social Factors
  16. 16.  Fishbone diagram
  17. 17. Steps for the Solution Members Psychologicl Factors Economical Factors Political Factors Social Factors Ferhat 6 5 4 7 Büşra E. 4 3 5 6 Büşra K. 6 5 3 7 Sümeyra 5 4 3 7 * Sum 21 17 15 27 ** % %26.25 %21.25 %18.75 %33.75  Matrix Diagram
  18. 18. Activities Weeks 5.3 12.3 19.3 26.3 2.4 9.4 16.4 PLAN Choice of subject Subject approval Determination of current issue and its goals Cause and effect Approval of the main problems Solution possibilities Suggested solutions DO Trial operation CHECK Evaluation of trial results ACT Standardization and preparation of the presentation Self assessment Finalization and sending ppxt file to Hayal Köksal for assessment SHARE Presentation of project © Hayal Köksal Expected Observed  Gantt chart
  19. 19. Steps For the Solution Data Collection Literature Review Survey
  20. 20. Literature Review Articles that are reviewed;  Child Delinquency by J. Robert Flores, from Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 2003  Juvenile Delinquency by World Youth Report , 2003  Eğitimime Yeni Bakışlar (The New Glances to My Education) by Abdullah SÜRÜCÜ and Coşkun ARSLAN, 2003
  21. 21. Literature Review  Child Delinquency by J. Robert Flores The number of child delinquents handled in the nation’s juvenile courts has increased 33 percent over the last decade. This development is cause for concern not only because offense patterns reflect more serious crimes among these youngsters, but also because these very young offenders are more likely to continue their involvement in crime.
  22. 22. Literature Review  Recent high-profile media cases of violence committed by children age 12 or younger also have drawn attention to the potential for child delinquents to inflict deadly harm. For these reasons alone, child delinquents represent a significant concern for both society and the juvenile justice system. • Child delinquents are two to three times more likely to become serious, violent, and chronic offenders than adolescents whose delinquent behavior begins in their teens.
  23. 23. Literature Review  Juvenile Delinquency by World Youth Report The problem of juvenile delinquency is becoming more complicated and universal, and crime prevention programs are either unequipped to deal with the present realities or do not exist. Many developing countries have done little or nothing to deal with these problems, and international programs are obviously insufficient. Developed countries are engaged in activities aimed at juvenile crime prevention, but the overall effect of these programs is rather weak because the mechanisms in place are often inadequate to address the existing situation.
  24. 24. Literature Review On the whole, current efforts to fight juvenile delinquency are characterized by the lack of systematic action and the absence of task-oriented and effective social work with both offenders and victims, whether real or potential. Analysis is further complicated by a lack of international comparative data.
  25. 25. Literature Review  Eğitimime Yeni Bakışlar (The New Glances to My Education) by Abdullah SÜRÜCÜ and Coşkun ARSLAN  In parallel with the development and industrialisation, crime rates have been increasing in urban setting and a great number of these offenders is consisted of children and youths. For example only between 1960-1970, in attack and violence by 159%, in property stealing by 75% increase has been observed in US. Besides, it has been stated that almost 2 million youths are attempting to escape from their homes per year
  27. 27.  Parental issues/ Family Environment  Peer and Community / Antisocial Behavior or Exclusion  Role Modeling
  28. 28. 1- PARENTAL ISSUES  No parents / Divorced parents  Parenting styles (Authoritarian or negligent parents)  Violence in the family sphere
  29. 29. BAUMRIND’S PARENTING STYLES  Authoritarian  Authoritative  Indulgent  Neglectful
  30. 30.  Authoritarian Parenting Children are expected to follow the strict rules established by the parents. Failure to follow such rules usually results in punishment. Authoritarian parents fail to explain the reasoning behind these rules. Children who experience this kind of harsh parental practice have increased rates of conduct problems, substance abuse, depression and violent crime in early adulthood.
  31. 31.  Authoritative Parenting They establish rules and guidelines that their children are expected to follow. However, this parenting style is much more democratic. Authoritative parents are responsive to their children and willing to listen to questions. When children fail to meet the expectations, these parents are more nurturing and forgiving rather than punishing.
  32. 32.  Indulgent (Permissive) Parenting They have very few demands to make of their children. These parents rarely discipline their children because they have relatively low expectations of maturity and self- control. Permissive parents are generally nurturing and communicative with their children, often taking on the status of a friend more than that of a parent.
  33. 33.  Neglectful Parenting There are few demands, low responsiveness and little communication. While these parents fulfill the child's basic needs, they are generally detached from their child's life. In extreme cases, these parents may even reject or neglect the needs of their children.
  34. 34. Domestıc Vıolence Violence in the family environment is a crucial problem because it has huge impacts on the child. Children who have witnessed abuse often suffer low self-esteem, depression, stress disorders, poor impulse control and feelings of powerlessness. They are at high risk for alcohol and drug use, sexual acting out, running away, suicide and crime tendency.
  35. 35. PEER AND COMMUNITY A child’s friends have a big part in their lives and they affect his decisions and behavior. Many studies have shown that peer groups play an important part in the development of deviancy and violence. Alcohol and drugs are associated with crime because they increase an individual’s tendency. They are mostly initiated in a child by peers or community. Therefore it is important to check who your child becomes friends with.
  36. 36. ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR OR EXCLUSION Peer and community also primarily appear to affect antisocial behavior. If the child is antisocial or excluded by his peer group, this may lead to stress, anxiety or depression and maybe even worse psychological disturbances. This also increares the risk of becoming involved in a crime. In extreme cases, along with other factors, the child may even become a murderer. Therefore, it is important that the child has a social life.
  37. 37. ROLE Model Role modeling is a significant process in a child’s life. All children have a role model at some point in their lives. The point is that who they see as their model. It is substantial to let the child make the right choices. This has a big impact on the future behavior and decisions of the child.  Family members especially parents  The neighborhood (The rates of crimes in that area, the number of criminals, people’s general attitudes)  Teachers  Peers  Media icons, celebrities
  38. 38. Survey  Question 1  How often do you encounter crime news in your neighborhood? 16 28 6 Never Sometimes Usually
  39. 39. Survey  Question 2  How many of these crimes are done by children under 18? 20 29 1 None of them Some of them Most of them
  40. 40. Survey  Question 3  Have you ever seen any children while comitting crimes? 13 37 Yes No
  41. 41. Survey  Question 4  If yes, did you try to obstruct him/her? 6 7 Yes No
  42. 42. Survey  Question 5  Which factors can be influencial to commit crime in a child life? 28 819 11 6 3 2 Parental factors Lack of education Economic factors Environmental factors Psychological factors Media Others
  43. 43. Survey  Question 6  Can there be any reason to legitimaze these crimes? 3 8 Yes No
  44. 44. Survey  Question 7  Can we make them adaptable individuals in the society? 48 2 Yes No
  45. 45. Survey  Question 8  How can we decrease the ratio of juvenile delinquency? 46 8 6 11 4 3 Education Increasing awareness Theraphy/Couns eling Developing opportunities Laws Others
  46. 46. Survey Results  The survey indicates that, people sometimes encounter crime news and some of them are done by children.  Lots of people believe that parental and economic factors have a great impact on juvenile delinquency.  Most of the people believe that we can make these children adaptable individuals in the society.  Education is the best way of dealing with juvenile delinquency.
  48. 48. According to United Nations Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency (The Riyadh Guidelines): «The prevention of juvenile delinquency is an essential part of crime prevention in society. By engaging in lawful, socially useful activities and adopting a humanistic orientation towards society and outlook on life, young persons can develop non-criminogenic attitudes.»
  49. 49. for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquenc The successful prevention of juvenile delinquency requires efforts on the part of the entire society to ensure the harmonious development of adolescents, with respect for and promotion of their personality from early childhood. PERSONALITY
  50. 50. for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquen It is important to emphasize the socialization function of the family and extended family. it is also equally important to recognize the future role, responsibilities, participation and partnership of young persons in society. FAMILY
  51. 51. for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquenc Educational systems should extend particular care and attention to young persons who are at social risk. Specialized prevention programs and educational materials, curricula, approaches and tools should be developed and fully utilized. EDUCATION
  52. 52. for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquenc Community-based services and programs which respond to the special needs, problems, interests and concerns of young persons and which offer appropriate counselling and guidance to young persons and their families should be developed, or strengthened where they exist. COMMUNITY
  53. 53. for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquen The mass media generally, and the television and film media in particular, should be encouraged to minimize the level of pornography, drugs and violence portrayed and to display violence and exploitation disfavourably, as well as to avoid demeaning and degrading presentations, especially of children, women and interpersonal relations, and to promote egalitarian principles and roles.
  54. 54. for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquen Legislation preventing the victimization, abuse, exploitation and the use for criminal activities of children and young persons should be enacted and enforced. LEGISLATION & JUVENILE JUSTICE ADMINISTRATION
  55. 55. for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquen The exchange of information, experience and expertise gained through projects, programs, practices and initiatives relating to youth crime, delinquency prevention and juvenile justice should be intensified at the national, regional and international levels.
  56. 56. SOME PROJECTS Governorship of Manisa has prepared and applied a project called “Umutlar Çiçek Açsın” to combat with the violence, drug use and juvenile delinquency in 2012.
  57. 57. SOME PROJECTS Crime Prevention Platform was established after the Crime Prevention Symposium held in 2011. This online platform aims to gather all works, researches and projects of academicians, bar associations, civil society organizations, police officers and municipalities on the issues of juvenile delinquency.
  58. 58. SOME ORGANIZATIONS Some Organizations in Turkey: ÇOVAK, ÇOCUKDER, UMUT ÇOCUKLARI DERNEGI There are lots of organizations in the world…
  59. 59. OUR SUGGESTIONS - All of the violent TV shows should - be removed because they make - children more inclined to commit crime. - Families and preschool educational institutions should be checked frequently so that children at risk can be identified earlier. - Conflict resolution class should be added to elementary education as an optional/complementary class.
  61. 61. References  Child Delinquency, U.S. Department of Justice, J. Robert Flores, Administrator of Bulletin Series Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, May 2003  World Youth Report Juvenile Delinquency, 2003  Eğitimime Yeni Bakışlar 2, Mikro Yayınları, Ankara, 2003  Pages/PreventionOfJuvenileDelinquency.asp x      ideo_id=14825
  62. 62. References  content/Elementary/Preschool/preschool.html  londra/facultati-in-perspectiva/limba-literatura-engleza- si-mass-media/   messages/51350-give-time-our-family.html   enileJustice.aspx  marketing/  earch+Project
  63. 63. References  buildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/logo- web2.jpg  İmece Circles by @Hayal Koksal
  64. 64. Thanks Thanks all of you for your attention
  65. 65. Special Thanks to Hayal Köksal