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Summary - Lecture 9: Urban Disaster Risk Reduction


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2018 ProSPER.Net Young Researchers' School
Lecture summary prepared by Syampadzi Nurroh (Universitas Gadjah Mada) & Yuqing Yang (Tohoku University)

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Summary - Lecture 9: Urban Disaster Risk Reduction

  1. 1. ProSPER.Net Secretariat United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability 5-53-70 Jingumae, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150-8925 Japan Lecture 9 URBAN DISASTER RISK REDUCTION Time: Thrusday, 8th march 2018 Presenter: Dr. Riyanti Djalante (UNU-IAS) Facilitator: Syampadzi Nurroh and Yuqing Yang Resume: Global distribution of disaster risk, it would be begin and compare between developed countries and developing countries with higher hazard of disaster and death rate during disaster, other wiseInternational framework can help to save life. But the problem is that we hardly to predict when/where/how a disaster will happen. So more and more people are affected by disaster, especially in urban areas, and Climate change I also make the situation became more complicated. When we talk the urban disaster risk reduction, we have to know aspect regard respect to: 1. Global distribution of disaster risk:  The risk function for vulnerability  Climate change can presented by vulnerability index  Disaster impact – No of disaster during 1950-2016: 14.426 disaster peak number occurs of disaster 530 disaster; Disaster impact – total deaths: 32.613.261 deaths people during 1950-2012, peak disaster 3700 deaths in 1928 (particular years) because earthquake event; Disaster impacts – total affected persons with number 7.925.050.0661 total affected, 2003 in peak 660.000, because climate change could be impulse, disaster risk, climate change and sustainable development need to integrated each other to protect and prevent.; Disaster impact- displacement due to disasters Disaster impact- total economic damage, the peak time in 2011, the number 380 billions total damage with total damage 3,115 billion during 1950 until 2016 (0,01% of japan 2015 ODA 16,5 million USD)
  2. 2. 2. Key concept: hazard, risk, vulnerability and resilience:  Hazard: a process human activity that may causes loss of life, potential  Risk: interaction social and environmental processes, probability of a disaster happening, like hood of hazard  Vulnerability: the conditions DETERMINED BY Physical;, social economic, environmental (UNISDR, 2004)  Resilience: the ability of a system preservation and function through risk management  Adaptive capacity: to moderate potential damage 3. Cities and disaster risk:  The global context: cities today only have 2%  Hazard: a process human activity that may causes loss of life, potential 4. Current actions and strategies  Resilience; global platform for sustainable cities; local government for sustainability;  Cities are the place for opportunist, but the process of cities and urbanizations create risks  The role of cities are interminably recognize and acknowledged in various Presented a lot of data that could be thinking twice for us about climate change and risk disaster what we are heading up a few years from right now. So that’s clear enough to know regarding sustainable development and urban disaster risk reduction.