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Global Sustainable Supply Chains for Marine Commodities


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7th GEF Biennial International Waters Conference in Barbados Presentation on sustainable supply chains by Klimenko

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Global Sustainable Supply Chains for Marine Commodities

  1. 1. Global Sustainable Supply Chains for Marine Commodities Costa Rica Ecuador Philippines Indonesia
  2. 2. UNDP - SFP marine commodities project Purpose of workshop: • Introduction to Global Sustainable Supply Chains for Marine Commodities and Sustainable Fisheries Partnership’s (SFP) market leverage based fisheries improvement model • Begin a conversation on synergies amongst existing IWLEARN projects, the “Marine Commodities Project” and with SFP’s work elsewhere
  3. 3. UNDP - SFP marine commodities project • • • • Global Sustainable Supply Chains for Marine Commodities GEFSEC(PMIS)ID 5271; Agency ID 4754 (UNDP) 5 year project global fisheries project Indicative GEF grant $5,500,000 National components will focus in four countries: Costa Rica Ecuador Philippines Indonesia
  4. 4. • Align interests of: markets, supply chain, regulators, processors, producers (fishers) and other stakeholders to improve long-term sustainability of source fisheries • Develop, implement and share replicable strategies to achieve fisheries sustainability goals, including certification
  5. 5. SFP’s Mission “To maintain healthy ocean and aquatic ecosystems, enhance fishing and fish-farming livelihoods and secure food supplies.” “To improve access to information to guide responsible seafood sourcing, and enhance the ability of seafood companies and partners to improve fish-farming and capture fisheries.”
  6. 6. Who We Are • An international NGO started in 2006. We have grown to over 60 people based in 16 countries • Inception was based on a need to build a bridge between policy and business needs. We are a business to business based organization • Focus on improving the worst fisheries • On some level we advise most companies who buy, sell, trade or manufacture seafood or seafood related products
  7. 7. What We Do • Educate and advise retailers, branded suppliers and foodservice providers on how to decrease supply chain risk by improving source fisheries / aquaculture • Catalyse engagement of the seafood industry in Fisheries Improvement and Aquaculture Improvement Projects (FIPs & AIPs) • Build consensus around improvements in policies, conservation measures, and fishing and fish-farming practices
  8. 8. Where We Work
  9. 9. Partial SFP Partner List
  10. 10. Global Distribution of Project Activities Component 1: Increase Demand Sustainable Fisheries North America Component 3: Demonstrate Projects Component 4: Sustainable Fisheries Information Systems China Japan Tuna fisheries / shark bycatch (global markets and RFMOs) Indonesia Component 2: Enable Environment for Sourcing Sustainable Fisheries EU Philippines Ecuador Costa Rica National Platforms, Strategies, Action Plans blue swimming crab, snapper, tuna blue swimming crab mahi mahi, tuna, shark mahi mahi, hake, tuna, shark, small pelagics Fisheries data collection / analysis / info systems (global) Sharing Lessons Learned
  11. 11. UNDP - SFP marine commodities project Fisheries issues to be addressed • • • • • • Overexploitation of marine fisheries Monitoring, surveillance and enforcement Growing concern over the impacts that fishing gear Ecosystem-based fisheries management Needs to improve the management and enhance consumer demand for sustainable fish products Development and implementation of fisheries improvement projects (FIPs)
  12. 12. UNDP - SFP marine commodities project Project Framework Project Components Expected Outputs 1. Promotion of Global Demand for Sustainable Marine Commodities Improved seafood purchasing policies and targets to increase sourcing of commodities in FIPs or certified sources 2. Enabling Environments for Sustainable Marine Commodities Supply Chains National sustainable marine commodities coordinating platforms established CEO roundtables for suppliers to exchange lessons on fisheries improvement
  13. 13. UNDP - SFP marine commodities project Project Framework Project Components Expected Outputs 3. Demonstration of Sustainable Supply chains for Marine Commodities Training and support for suppliers, fishermen and govt. to enable an improved understanding of FIPs and the MSC certification process Sustainability performance criteria established 4. Sustainable Marine Commodities Information Systems Info available and systems tailored to seafood supply chain to monitor trade in sustainable marine commodities Lessons learned published and shared to incentivize change in other fisheries
  14. 14. UNDP - SFP marine commodities project Roles of Key Stakeholders (1) ORGANIZATIONS Governmental Authorities Fisheries Ministries ROLE Participation in coordinating platforms to articulate and review policies with commitments for joint actions plans made by the other stakeholders Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Foundation Lead markets engagement Support national platforms Support demonstration projects Link fish buyers with suppliers Provide technical leadership for the development of sustainable marine commodities information systems to measure the progress
  15. 15. UNDP - SFP marine commodities project Roles of Key Stakeholders (2) ORGANIZATIONS US, European and Japanese Retailers & other Supply Chain Partners: Walmart, ASDA, Tesco, Sainsbury, McDonald’s, Sobeys, Publix, Disney and others Fish Labelling Organizations: Marine Stewardship Council & others. National Level Fisheries Organizations / Association Role Participate in strategic partnerships for sustainable marine commodities. Motivate suppliers (fish traders and exporters) to modify purchasing policies so that best practices may be widely adopted NGOs and other stakeholders Regional /local NGOs supporting the long-term viability of project objectives Educate stakeholders on MSC certification, Industry fisheries associations and fish trading groups encouraged to join national platforms and demonstration projects
  16. 16. SFP Engagement Structure 1. FIP Supplier Roundtables: Buyers, suppliers sourcing from fisheries sharing similar challenges / geographies / species 3. Supplier Roundtables Sector Groups: Major buyer leadership driving demand 2. Sector Groups Fisheries Improvement Projects (FIPs): suppliers, producers and other stakeholders working on improving a specific source fishery Supplier Roundtables FIP FIP
  17. 17. Fishery Improvement Projects (FIP) An alliance of stakeholders that comes together to perform activities that will improve a fishery • Draws upon market forces • Explicit participation by supply chain • Components include – Evaluation of the fishery – Develop a workplan with measurable milestones – Implement and publicly report on progress
  18. 18. Resources: Sustainable Fisheries Partnership: Fisheries Improvement Projects: Case studies (stories) & public reports FIP tools
  19. 19. Fisheries Online Database (FishSource) • • Profiles of major commercial fisheries • Info from publicly available sources • Evaluates management quality, stock status and environment & biodiversity
  20. 20. SFP Metrics • Proprietary SFP software – data from FishSource – create custom dashboard • Can provide “real time” measurement of progress toward sustainable procurement objectives
  21. 21. Russian Pollock FIP 2006 2008 2011 2013 First Roundtable; Pollock Catchers Assoc. formed Formal FIP established; fishery enters MSC full assessment Transitioned to industry leadership; Sea of Okhotsk fishery MSC certified; 2 more under full assessment Improvements: • Voluntary reduction in roe recovery rate; later became regulation • Split fishery into two seasons (spread effort and prevent overfishing) • Some increased data transparency MSC conditions: • development of independent observer program • improved information and monitoring
  22. 22. Gulf of Mexico Reef Fish • Multispecies fishery – red snapper (Lutjanus campechanus) – red grouper and gag (Epinephelus morio and Mycteroperca microlepis) • Vertical hook and line; longline • Management – effort and harvest controls – Limited access, minimum size limit, total allowable catch; individual quotas; area closures – Stock status good or recovering
  23. 23. Fishery Improvement Project • Fishing industry group – brand products as “Gulf Wild” – sustainable and traceable • SFP FIP model • Marine Stewardship Council Pre-assessment • Main issue: lack of data on discards – Uncertainty in stock assessments – Lack of stock assessments for secondary species • Activity: Electronic Monitoring Systems
  24. 24. Electronic Monitoring Project • • • • Pilot project - 7 vessels Will camera systems work? What kinds of data will they provide? Funded by National Fish and Wildlife Foundation • FIP/SFP brought support by Publix Supermarkets and Darden Restaurants
  25. 25. Results • Systems function on these vessels • Able to identify fish to species level • Less expensive than observers, less bias than logbooks • Issues with system maintenance, fishermen’s compliance, long distance technical support
  26. 26. Phase Two – Build Regional Capacity • Mote Marine Laboratory – regional monitoring center • $$ - National Fish and Wildlife; Darden Restaurants • 10 vessels • Refine processes; build local technical capacity for system maintenance and data analysis; improve cooperation with vessels
  27. 27. Synergies with IWLEARN projects • Are there synergies between the Marine Commodities project and your target geographies, stocks, work? • Is the markets engagement model applicable to the goals of other projects? • Is there an opportunity for SFP to engage its market partners in support of your projects?
  28. 28. Thank you