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Science Forum Day 3 - Benoy Barman - Adivasi-Poverty Impacts


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Science Forum Day 3 - Benoy Barman - Adivasi-Poverty Impacts

  1. 1. Adivasi – Poverty Impacts Adivasi are indigenous people (>2 million out of total 159 million population) from different ethnic communities in Bangladesh Benoy Barman and KM Jahan Bangladesh and South Asia Office
  2. 2. Adivasi Adivasi are poor, marginalized and disadvantaged people, majority of them are suffering due to food insecurity, poverty and malnutrition Majority live in hilly areas in isolated locations, some of them live in the plain lands and less hilly areas in NW and Northern Bangladesh Have limited options and capacities for income earning, mainly work as unskilled seasonal agricultural labour From time immemorial they depend largely on terrestrial and aquatic resources to gather/harvest food for their livelihoods Communities differ socially and culturally, with different mother tongue other than Bangla
  3. 3. 1 dec = 40.47m 2 1 US$ =70Tk >50% of the Adivasi in North and NW regions are landless and one-third of them have small land holdings About one-third of household’s annual income <20000 Tk (<US$286)
  4. 4. Adivasis in Bangladesh
  5. 5. Adivasi in North and NW Bangladesh <ul><li>32% hh small homestead borrow-pits </li></ul><ul><li>12% hh rice fields potential for rice-fish </li></ul><ul><li>40% communities large ponds (private or public), few with canals for cage fingerling production </li></ul><ul><li>Men and women are hard working, simple and trustworthy </li></ul><ul><li>Most of them showed willingness to participate in aquaculture and related activities </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Donor: European Union </li></ul><ul><li>Lead Organization: WorldFish Center </li></ul><ul><li>Partners: Caritas, Bangladesh - Field Implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Bangladesh Fisheries Research Forum (BFRF) - Action Research </li></ul><ul><li>Duration: 3 yrs (2007–09) Fund: US$ 1.63 million </li></ul>Food Security Call of EU Fisheries and Aquaculture Enterprise Development for the Adivasi Communities in the N and NW regions of Bangladesh - “Adivasi Fisheries Project ”.
  7. 7. Project Working Area
  8. 8. Innovative approach of use of technologies on aquaculture and aquaculture related activities
  9. 9. Establish sub-group technology packages and identify lead entrepreneurs (LEs) Formation of fisheries and aquaculture sub-groups comprising not more than 15 members Capacity building of the beneficiaries using FFS principles of problem solving and participatory approach Establish linkage with local government agencies and service providers Implementation strategy PRA with Adivasi communities organized under Caritas ICDP and DEEDS (40-50 members/Group) <ul><li>Identify households: 3650 out of 5273 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>agricultural lands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>small ponds, ditches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>landless </li></ul></ul>Formation of 120 Farmers Field School (FFS) comprising 3650 households
  10. 10. Training for technical skill and knowledge development 12 Action Research Social, FFS: 2 Technology: 9 Nutrition: 1 Participatory Monitoring and Impact Studies Technology and Enterprise Development: 3594hh Quality fish seed production Ricefields: 550 hh Cages in pond/canal 480 hh <ul><li>Foodfish production, dike cropping, habitat restoration </li></ul><ul><li>Small homestead pond: 1273 hh </li></ul><ul><li>Rice field: 550 hh </li></ul><ul><li>Habitat restoration: 45 hh </li></ul>Fisheries and related activities Fingerling trading: 158hh Foodfish trading: 414hh Netting team for fish harvest: 730 hh
  11. 11. Outputs and outcomes <ul><li>Production: Increase fingerling and foodfish production, income and household fish consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Production of 8.3 million large size fingerling in2009 from ponds, </li></ul><ul><li>rice fields and cages of Adivasi households </li></ul><ul><li>Foodfish production from ponds 0.7 t/ha in 2007 to 2.7 t/ha </li></ul><ul><li>against a target of 2.0 t/ha. </li></ul><ul><li>Income: Income from the various aquaculture and related activities averages 15% of total household income, against a baseline of 3% and target of 8% </li></ul><ul><li>Frequency of fish consumption, with baseline of 6 meals per month and target of 12 , has reached about 22 times per month and studies confirmed improved nutrition </li></ul>
  12. 12. Outputs/outcomes • The increased income improved the food security of Adivasi households, reducing their food deficit period from 1.8 months in 2007 to 1.1 months in 2009 to on average of 1.1 months • Asset Development: productive assets renovated ponds, ricefields with dikes, cages, nets and improved habitat developed • Knowledge Development: promotion of low-cost technologies and enterprises development • Outcomes of 12 Action Research and impact studies: addressing identified constraints and following-up on potential benefits and use for Policy Advocacy
  13. 13. Impacts – ROM Mission Review <ul><li>Impact is visible in terms of secondary adoption of the main production-based activities - pond culture and rice-fish culture </li></ul><ul><li>Beneficiaries themselves have increased their investment in cages - a profitable activity for the landless and especially women </li></ul>
  14. 14. Impacts – ROM Mission Review <ul><li>In the past, doubt over Adivasis' ability to respond to interventions limited the interest of service providers and enablers (especially government line departments, but also donors and NGOs) in working with them. Now they will be more confident to do so, which represents a significant project impact. </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness of the Adivasis' potential was created not only through line department officials' participation in FFS, or by the information material produced by the project (including a TV documentary), but also through the actions of the beneficiaries themselves: </li></ul><ul><li>27 individual beneficiaries won awards in the 2008/09 National Fish Week and one official said 'they are no longer afraid to walk through my door'. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Sustainability – ROM Mission Review <ul><li>For the nearly 3,600 direct beneficiaries, their activities are self-sustaining. All the different types of activity are being continued with a negligible dropout rate </li></ul><ul><li>Only activity which needs to foresee a major investment is pond netting, where the nets will need replacement, but the teams have developed savings schemes to prepare for that </li></ul><ul><li>FFS continuing, achieving high turnouts and sometimes welcoming new members. This is noteworthy since there is no savings scheme or other inbuilt mechanism to motivate people to attend, so it indicates a genuine interest among the membership. Such regular meetings represent a ready entry point for service providers </li></ul>
  16. 16. Sustainability – ROM Mission Review <ul><li>The project’s success stems from good design and sound management. The partners had worked together before and had relevant experience, either of the technology or of the beneficiaries and locations. It was clearly demonstrated that Adivasis are capable of benefitting from this kind of intervention, which paves the way for an expansion of support and services to their communities. </li></ul><ul><li>The ability of Lead Entrepreneurs to train other FFS members in their own languages was a particular success. Sharing of the farmer's record keeping in the FFS would have been helpful - for instance it would have been possible for members to compare costs and returns of stocking different combinations of fish species. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Other Impacts <ul><li>Caritas included it in their 5 yr plan as core activities </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons learned are on use by CSISA-Bangladesh project </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture and Nutrition Extension Project (EU) awarded reviewers strongly mentioned about the importance of AFP </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>THANK YOU All </li></ul>