Development of quality and affordable fish feed for small scale fish farmers in Malawi
Development of quality andaffordable fish feed for smallscale fish farmers in Malawi. Associate Professor Orton V. Msiska Department of Fisheries Science Faculty of Environmental Science Mzuzu University.
Participating researchers and their institutions:• Professor Emmanuel Kaunda; NEPAD/SANBio Fisheries Node, Bunda College.• Wales Singini (PhD student, RUFORUM ); Department of Fisheries Science, Faculty of Environmental Science, Mzuzu University,• Associate Professor Jeremiah Kang’ombe; Department of Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, Faculty of Environmental Science, Bunda College.• Thomas Nyasulu: Malawi Government, Ministry of Agriculture and Food and Nutrition Security, Department of Fisheries.• Victor Kasulo (PhD): Senior Lecturer (Economist) Department of Forestry, Mzuzu University, Faculty of Environmental Science.
Background• The fishing sector is important to both Malawi’s economy and its overall food security, providing 300,000 – 450,000 jobs and 4% of GDP• However, most natural fish stocks in Malawi are either fully or over exploited• Aquaculture which is growing exponentially in other parts of the world, is growing at a low rate• The aquaculture sector in Malawi contributes 2 percent to nation’s fish production with an average productivity of 700 kg/year• Availability of affordable quality feed is one of the most important challenges that hampers aquaculture growth• There are currently two companies making pellet feeds: MALDECO Aquaculture Ltd in Mangochi and Central Poultry in Lilongwe
Project objectivesThe overall objective is:To contribute to increased fish production in a pond based aquaculture production system in MalawiThe purpose is to develop quality affordable feed using locally available ingredients for fish production in pond based aquaculture system Specific objectives.• To develop quality affordable feed from locally available ingredients as alternatives or in addition to maize bran and soybean currently used in various sites• To assess factors that might influence fish farmers to adopt use of any of feeds to be developed• To assess and evaluate costs and benefits associated with the development of quality affordable feed using locally available ingredients• To assess and evaluate market for the developed quality affordable feed from locally available ingredients and fish from the ponds
Study description• The proposed research will involve two Master of Science (MSc) students• Student 1 will work with rural fish farmers and partner agencies in developing quality and affordable fish feed from locally available ingredients• Student 2 will work with rural fish farmers and partner agencies in assessing economic factors impacting aquaculture production
Study description• Fish farmers will be involved in identifying locally available ingredients for feed formulation, in the feed formulation process, general pond management, and generating bio-economic data• The study brings a multi-disciplinary team among researchers, farmers, national agricultural research institutions, and governments.• The two students will be supervised by a team from Mzuzu University and Bunda College adding value to the CARP Project (refer to poster presentation at RUFORUM, Entebbe, 23-28 September, 2012)
Relevance to RUFORUM strategic thrusts• This is directly responding to RUFORUM mission which is: • to strengthen the capacities of universities to foster innovations responsive to the demands of small-holder farmers through the training of high quality researchers • the output of impact-oriented research (action research) • the maintenance of collaborative working relations among researchers, farmers, national agricultural research institutions, and governments
ASSOCIATED PROJECTS• The project is designed in partnership with NEPAD/SANBio Regional Fish Node• Currently the Department of Fisheries is constructing fish ponds for rural fish farmers in the area under Local Development Fund from the Malawi Government Budget• Presidential Initiative on aquaculture (PIAD): this was initiated to assist fish farmers
DISSEMINATION AND COMMUNICATION.• A communication for dissemination of best practices and lessons learnt shall include, • field based review meetings, publications, technical briefs, websites • The papers will also be posted on National Universities, government and RUFORUM websites • Technical briefs will be produced for policy makers and district assemblies and will further be translated into local language to make them user friendly by rural fish farmers • National Forums will be used to reach more people
Research Application• The research forms an entry point towards the establishment of sustainable rural based fish feed manufacturing, encourage sustainable rural based marketing transactions for feed and fish• Results will be available for replication in the Nkhata-Bay area and other areas where fish feed is a challenge• The project will train 2 MSc students who will contribute to a critical mass of high quality
Acknowledgement• We would like to thank RUFORUM for the approval of financial support towards this project• Special thanks to the Department of Fisheries, Bunda College, NEPAD for Partnering with Mzuzu University in this project Thank you