Better Management Practice
Guidelines for Local Government Units

Bureau of Fisheries
and Aquatic
Resources

Marine
Enviro...
Better Management Practices
• Developed for Local Government Units
– Planning
– Zoning
– Siting
– Management
– Monitoring
...
Better Management Practices
• Need to develop other BMPs for
– Seaweed culture
– Pond culture (fish and shrimp)
– Hatcheri...
Sustainable production
• Increasing production leads to increasing
impacts to the environment.
• The environment is able t...
Carrying capacity
• An estimate of the carrying capacity
(based on science) needs to be
undertaken
• The estimation needs ...
Ecosystem management approach
• Planning of aquaculture development
should take the aquatic ecosystems
approach
• Aquacult...
Co-management
• Aquatic water resources are individual
ecosystems.
– Lakes
– Bays
– Rivers

• Actions taken in one area of...
Planning Principles
•
•
•
•
•

Efficient use of land and sea resources
Avoid conflicts with other coastal users
Coordinate...
Planning zones for aquaculture
• Planning of aquaculture development should
take the aquatic ecosystems approach where
aqu...
Planning and siting
• Locate farms according to national
planning and legal frameworks in
environmentally suitable locatio...
Monitoring of zones
• Regular and consistent monitoring allows
the LGUs to ensure that
• production is undertaken by legal...
Control of aquaculture development
• Without control of aquaculture development,
there is a danger that there will be
over...
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Better Management Practices for good aquaculture plannimng and management by Local Government Units in the Philippines

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Better practice guidelines for Local Government Units in the Philippines for good environmental planning and management of aquaculture

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Better Management Practices for good aquaculture plannimng and management by Local Government Units in the Philippines

  1. 1. Better Management Practice Guidelines for Local Government Units Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Marine Environment and Resources Foundation THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 1
  2. 2. Better Management Practices • Developed for Local Government Units – Planning – Zoning – Siting – Management – Monitoring – Control • Emphasis on mitigating environmental impact. THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 2
  3. 3. Better Management Practices • Need to develop other BMPs for – Seaweed culture – Pond culture (fish and shrimp) – Hatcheries and nurseries – Processing THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 3
  4. 4. Sustainable production • Increasing production leads to increasing impacts to the environment. • The environment is able to assimilate certain impacts such as organic sedimentation or dissolved nutrients • If the impact is greater than the assimilative capacity, then there is a build up impact and eventually will pass a threshold where there are consequences such as fish kills. THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 4
  5. 5. Carrying capacity • An estimate of the carrying capacity (based on science) needs to be undertaken • The estimation needs to take into consideration the inputs by aquaculture and by other human activities. • The planning and management of aquaculture should adhere to a maximum production below the estimated carrying capacity. THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 5
  6. 6. Ecosystem management approach • Planning of aquaculture development should take the aquatic ecosystems approach • Aquaculture is planned for the aquatic ecosystem as a whole rather than for individual zones within an ecosystem. THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 6
  7. 7. Co-management • Aquatic water resources are individual ecosystems. – Lakes – Bays – Rivers • Actions taken in one area of the water body affect other areas • They should be co-managed (planned, managed, monitored and controlled) by all the surrounding LGUs THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 7
  8. 8. Planning Principles • • • • • Efficient use of land and sea resources Avoid conflicts with other coastal users Coordinated water basin planning Provide livelihoods In harmony with the environment (Ecosystem based management) • Minimise impact to sensitive habitats • Avoid zoning in protected areas • Avoid blocking navigation routes and narrow entrances (preventing flushing) THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 8
  9. 9. Planning zones for aquaculture • Planning of aquaculture development should take the aquatic ecosystems approach where aquaculture is planned for the aquatic ecosystem as a whole rather than for individual zones within an ecosystem. • Although the management of aquaculture is undertaken by individual bordering LGUs, they should consider co-management of the whole ecosystem (or water body) with other LGUs that border the same ecosystem. THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 9
  10. 10. Planning and siting • Locate farms according to national planning and legal frameworks in environmentally suitable locations, making efficient use of land and water resources and in ways that conserve biodiversity, ecologically sensitive habitats and ecosystem functions, recognizing other land uses, and that other people and species depend upon these same ecosystems. THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 10
  11. 11. Monitoring of zones • Regular and consistent monitoring allows the LGUs to ensure that • production is undertaken by legally operated farms • the environment is not overwhelmed by the nutrient outputs of aquaculture • production is undertaken in a responsible and sustainable manner. THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 11
  12. 12. Control of aquaculture development • Without control of aquaculture development, there is a danger that there will be overproduction in the area with the increasing risk of harmful algal blooms and fish kills. • LGUs should – check licenses and remove unlicensed farms – Relocate farms from outside zones into the identified zone – Inspect feeds from various suppliers. Undertake regular stability tests to ensure use of binders. THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 12

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