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The Pharmacy   Technician 4E      Chapter 18Common Drugs & Their Uses
Chapter Outline   Drug names and classes          Hematological agents   Classification schemes          Hormones & mo...
Classifications   Blocker      Term for an antagonist drug, because antagonists       block the action of neurotransmitt...
Analgesics                  Some Common Drugs   Type           Brand Name        Generic Name   Salicylates    Bayer (as...
Anesthetics Agents            Some Common Drugs   Type     Brand Name   Generic Name   Ester    Novocain     procaine  ...
Anti-Infectives   Type                         SomeName Generic Name                           Brand                     ...
Antineoplastics                      Some Common Drugs   Type                      Brand Name       Generic Name   Antim...
Cardiovascular Agents   Type                      SomeName                        Brand                              Comm...
Cardiovascular Agents Cont.                      Some Common Drugs   Type                             Brand Name   Generi...
Dermatologicals                     Some Common Drugs   Type              Brand Name   Generic Name   Steroid           ...
Electrolytic Agents               Some Common Drugs   Type                   Brand Name Generic   Potassium supplement K...
Gastrointestinal & Urinary Tract                     Agents              Some Common Drugs   Type            Brand Name  ...
Gastrointestinal & Urinary Tract                  Agents Cont.              Some Common Drugs   Type              Brand N...
Gastrointestinal & Urinary Tract                  Agents Cont.              Some Common Drugs   Type                Brand...
Hematological                 Some Common Drugs   Type              Brand Name    Generic Name   Hematopoietic     Slow ...
Hormones & Modifiers      Thyroid, Parathyroid, and Pituitary            Some Common Drugs   Type                     Bra...
Hormones & Modifiers Cont.                Adrenal               Some Common Drugs   Type                      Brand Name ...
Hormones & Modifiers Cont.          Insulin and Oral Anti-diabetic              Some Common Drugs   Type                B...
Hormones & Modifiers Cont.               Reproductive System               Some Common Drugs   Type                      ...
Hormones & Modifiers Cont.             Reproductive System   Type                   Brand Name           Generic Name   ...
Immunobiologic Agents & Vaccines            Some Common Drugs   Brand                                         Vaccine   ...
Musculoskeletal Agents                    Some Common Drugs   Type                    Brand Name   Generic Name   Diseas...
Musculoskeletal Agents Cont.              Some Common Drugs   Type               Brand Name   Generic Name   Osteoporoti...
Neurological Agents Antiparkinsonion               Anti-Alzheimer           Some Common Drugs   Type                     ...
Neurological Agents     Epilepsy, Migraine, Multiple Sclerosis, and                      AD(H)D               Some Common ...
Ophthalmic Agents                 Some Common Drugs   Type                      Brand Name Generic Name   Antibiotic    ...
Ophthalmic Agents Cont.               Some Common Drugs   Type                 Brand Name    Generic Name   Mydriatic   ...
Otic Agents                       Some Common Drugs   Type                 Brand Name                         Generic Nam...
Antipsychotic and Anti-seizure               Some Common Drugs   Type                          Brand Name   Generic Name...
Psychotropic Agents               Sedatives and Hypnotics                Some Common Drugs   Type                       B...
Psychotropic Agents Cont.                  Anti-anxiety              Some Common Drugs   Type             Brand Name   Ge...
Psychotropic Agents Cont.              Antidepressant Drugs              Some Common Drugs   Type             Brand Name ...
Psychotropic Drugs Cont.           Alcohol or Drug Dependency              Some Common Drugs   Type                    Br...
Respiratory Agents - Antihistamines,      Decongestants, and Anti-tussives            Some Common Drugs   Type           ...
Respiratory Agents Cont. Expectorants               and Mucolytics            Some Common Drugs   Type                  B...
Respiratory Agents Cont.                   Bronchodilators                Some Common Drugs   Type                      G...
Terms to Remember1. Analgesia            13. Conjunctivitis2. Androgens            14. Corticosteroid3. Anemia            ...
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Chapter 18 common drugs

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Chapter 18 common drugs

  1. 1. The Pharmacy Technician 4E Chapter 18Common Drugs & Their Uses
  2. 2. Chapter Outline Drug names and classes  Hematological agents Classification schemes  Hormones & modifiers Analgesics  Immunobiologic agents & Anesthetic agents vaccines Anti-infectives  Musculoskeletal agents Antineoplastics  Neurological agents Cardiovascular agents  Ophthalmic & otic agents Dermatologicals  Psychotropic agents Electrolytic agents  Respiratory agents Gastrointestinal & urinary  Additional common drugs tract agents by classification
  3. 3. Classifications Blocker  Term for an antagonist drug, because antagonists block the action of neurotransmitters. Homeostasis  State of equilibrium of the body. Mimetic  Term for an agonist.  Agonists imitate or “mimic” the action of the neurotransmitter. Neurotransmitter  Substances that carry the impulses from one neuron to another.
  4. 4. Analgesics Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Salicylates Bayer (aspirin) acetlsalicylic acid Non-NSAID Tylenol acetaminophen NSAID Motrin, Advil ibuprofen NSAID Naprosyn naproxen Opiates MS Contin morphine Opiates Demerol meperidine Opiates Darvon propoxyphene
  5. 5. Anesthetics Agents Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Ester Novocain procaine Ester Pontocaine tetracaine Amide Xylocaine lidocaine Amide Marcaine bupivacaine Other Cepacol dyclonine
  6. 6. Anti-Infectives Type SomeName Generic Name Brand Common Drugs Antibiotic Zithromax azithromycin Antibiotic/natural penicillin Veetids penicillin Antibiotic/synthetic penicillin Principen ampicillin Antibiotic/synthetic penicillin Augmentin amoxicillin w/potassium clavulanate Antibiotic/semi-synthetic Geocillin carbenicillin Antibiotic/cephalosprin Ceclor cefaclor Antibiotic/tetracycline Sumycin tetracycline Antibiotic/sulfonamide Bactrim DS sulfamethoxazole/ trimethoprim Antiviral Valtrex valacyclovir Antiviral/protease inhibitor Viracept nelfinavir Antifungal Mycostatin nystatin Antimycobacterial Nydrazid isoniazid Antiprotozoal Flagyl metronidazole Anthelmintic Vermox mebendazole
  7. 7. Antineoplastics Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Antimetabolite Adrucil fluorouracil Antimetabolite Rheumatrex methotrexate Alkylating agent/nitrogen mustard Mustargen mechlorethamine Alkylating agent/nitrosurea BiCNU carmustine Plant alkaloid Oncovin vincristine Plant alkaloid Velban vinblastine Hormone agonist Lupron leuprolide Hormone/antiestrogen Nolvadex tamoxifen Anti-tumor antibiotic Blenoxane bleomycin Anti-tumor antibiotic Adriamycin doxorubicin Anti-tumor antibiotic Cerubidine daunorubicin Radioactive isotope Bexxar tositumomab & iodine I131
  8. 8. Cardiovascular Agents Type SomeName Brand Common Generic Name Drugs Beta blocker Inderal propranolol Beta blocker Tenormin atenolol Beta blocker Corgard nadolol Beta blocker Lopressor metoprolol Calcium channel blocker Calan verapamil Calcium channel blocker Norvasc amlodipine Calcium channel blocker Procardia nifedipine Calcium channel blocker Cardizem diltiazem Diuretics Lasix furosemide Diuretics Hydrodiuril hydrochlorothiazide Diuretics Aldactone spironolactone ACE inhibitor Capoten captopril ACE inhibitor Vasotec enalapril ACE inhibitor Zestril lisinopril Vasodilator Apresoline hydralazine Vasodilator Loniten minoxidil
  9. 9. Cardiovascular Agents Cont. Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Antianginal Nitrostat nitroglycerin Antianginal Procardia nifedipine Antiarryhthmic Lanoxin digoxin Antiarryhthmic Betapace sotalol Antihyperlipidemic Vytorin ezetimibe w/simvastatin Antihyperlipidemic Zocor simvastatin Antihyperlipidemic Pravachol pravastatin Antihypertensive/diuretic Lasix furosemide Antihypertensive/ACE inhibitor Altace ramipril Antihypertensive/diuretic Aldactone spironolactone Thrombolytic Cathflo Activase alteplase Anticoagulant Coumadin warfarin Anticoagulant Hep-Lock heparin Vasopressor Dobutrex dobutamine
  10. 10. Dermatologicals Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Steroid Westcort hydrocortisone cream Antihistamine Benadryl diphenhydramine Anti-infective Silvadene silver sulfadiazine cream Anti-infective Vibramycin doxycycline hyclate Anti-infective Floxin ofloxacin Antimetabolite Efudex fluorouracil cream
  11. 11. Electrolytic Agents Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Potassium supplement K-Dur Tablets, Klor-Con potassium chloride Nitrostat nitroglycerin Electrolyte replacement Rehydralyte Solution sodium, potassium, chloride, citrate Electrolyte replacement Infalyte Oral Solution sodium, potassium, chloride, citrate Electrolyte replacement Resol Solution sodium, potassium, chloride, citrate, magnesium, phosphate Electrolyte replacement Naturalyte Solution sodium, potassium, chloride, citrate Electrolyte replacement Pedialyte Solution sodium, potassium, chloride, citrate
  12. 12. Gastrointestinal & Urinary Tract Agents Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Enzyme Creon pancrelipase Enzyme Pancrease pancrelipase Enzyme Ultrace pancrelipase Antidiarrheal Imodium loperamide Antidiarrheal Lomotil diphenoxylate plus atropine Antidiarrheal Pepto-Bismol bismuth subsalicylate Antiemetic Tigan trimethobenzamide Antiemetic Compazine prochlorperazine
  13. 13. Gastrointestinal & Urinary Tract Agents Cont. Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Antacid/antiulcer Maalox Adv Liquid magneisium hydroxide, simethicone Antacid/antiulcer Tagamet cimetidine Antacid/antiulcer Zantac ranitidine Antacid/antiulcer Pepcid famotidine Antacid/antiulcer Axid nizatidine PP Inhibitors Prilosec omeprazole Laxative Kristalose lactulose Stool softener Colace docusate sodium
  14. 14. Gastrointestinal & Urinary Tract Agents Cont. Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Urinary tract agent Flomax tamsulosin Urinary tract agent Uroxatral alfuzosin Urinary tract agent Proscar finasteride Urinary tract agent Avodart dutasteride Urinary tract agent Detrol LA tolterodine Urinary tract agent Enablex darifenacin Urinary tract agent Vesicare solifenacin Urinary tract agent Pyridium phenazopyridine
  15. 15. Hematological Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Hematopoietic Slow Fe ferrous sulfate Hematopoietic Rubramin cyanocobalamin Hemostatic Amicar aminocaproic acid Hemostatic Cyklokapron tranexamic acid Hemostatic/topical Surgicel oxidized cellulose
  16. 16. Hormones & Modifiers Thyroid, Parathyroid, and Pituitary Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Thyroid Armour Thyroid thyroid desiccated Thyroid Synthroid levothyroxine Parathyroid Miacalcin calcitonin-salmon Pituitary/ovulatory Clomid clomiphene stimulant Pituitary/hypothalamus Pitocin oxytocin
  17. 17. Hormones & Modifiers Cont. Adrenal Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Adrenal/sympathomimetic Adrenalin epinephrine Adrenal/corticosteroid Cortef hydrocortisone Adrenal/corticosteroid Medrol methylprednisolone Adrenal/corticosteroid Sterapred prednisone Adrenal/corticosteroid Kenalog triamcinolone
  18. 18. Hormones & Modifiers Cont. Insulin and Oral Anti-diabetic Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Insulin Humulin N NPH Insulin Humulin R regular Insulin Humulin L lente Insulin Lantus glargine Oral antidiabetic Diabeta glyburide Oral antidiabetic Glucotrol glipizide
  19. 19. Hormones & Modifiers Cont. Reproductive System Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Androgen Android methyltestosterone Phosphodiesterase inhibitor Cialis tadalafil Phosphodiesterase inhibitor Viagra sildenafil Oral contraceptive Ortho Novum norethindrone & ethinyl estradiol Oral contraceptive Trinessa norgestimate & ethinyl estradiol
  20. 20. Hormones & Modifiers Cont. Reproductive System Type Brand Name Generic Name Oral contraceptive Yasmin 28 drospirenone & ethinyl estradiol Oral contraceptive Ortho Tricyclen Lo norgestimate & ethinyl estradiol Contraceptive patch Ortho Evra Patch norelgestromin & ethinyl estradiol Estrogen replacement Vagifem estradiol Estrogen replacement Premarin conjugated estrogens Progestin Provera medroxyprogesterone
  21. 21. Immunobiologic Agents & Vaccines Some Common Drugs Brand Vaccine Daptacel, Infanrix, Tripedia Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis (DTaP, DT, Tdap, Td) Liquid Pedvax HIB, ActHIB, HibTITER Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) Havrix, VAQTA Hepatitis A (HepA) Engerix-B, Recombivax HB, Twinrix Hepatitis B (HepB) FluMist Influenza, live attenuated (LAIV) Afluria, Fluarix, FluLaval, Fluvirin, Fluzone Influenza, trivalent inactivated (TIV) Attenuvax, M-M-R II, Mumpsvax, Meruvax II Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) Menomune Meningococcal, conjugated (MCV4) Prevnar Pneumococcal conjugate (PCV) Pneumovax 23 Pneumococcal polysaccharide (PPV) Varivax Varicella (Var) Comvax Hib+HepB (combination) Pediarix DTaP+HepB+IPV (combination) ProQuad MMR+Var (combination) TriHIBit DTaP+Hib (combination)
  22. 22. Musculoskeletal Agents Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Disease-modifying Rheumatrex methotrexate antirheumatic Gold preparation Solganal aurothioglucose (suspended in oil) Anti-gout Colchine colchicine Anti-gout, uricosuric Benemid probenecid Anti-gout, xanthine Zyloprim allopurinol oxidase inhibitor
  23. 23. Musculoskeletal Agents Cont. Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Osteoporotic Actonel risedronate Osteoporotic Fosamax alendronate Centrally acting Valium diazepam antispasmodics Muscle relaxant Soma carisoprodol Muscle relaxant Flexeril cyclobenzaprine
  24. 24. Neurological Agents Antiparkinsonion Anti-Alzheimer Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Antiparkinsonian Sinemet carbidopa/levodopa Antiparkinsonian Eldepryl selegiline Antiparkinsonian Symmetrel amantadine Antiparkinsonian/dopamine agonist Permax pergolide Antiparkinsonian/dopamine agonist Parlodel bromocriptine Antiparkinsonian/anticholinergic Cogentin benztropine Cognitive symptom agent Cognex tacrine Cognitive symptom agent Aricept donepezil Antidepressant Pamelor nortriptyline Antidepressant Norpramin desipramine SSRI Paxil paroxetine SSRI Zoloft sertraline
  25. 25. Neurological Agents Epilepsy, Migraine, Multiple Sclerosis, and AD(H)D Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Antiepileptic Dilantin phenytoin Antiepileptic Luminal phenobarbital Antiepileptic Depakene valproic acid Antiepileptic Depakote divalproex sodium Antiepileptic Tegretol carbamazepine Antimigraine Bayer Aspirin aspirin Antimigraine Imitrex sumatriptan Antimigraine Motrin ibuprofen Immunomodulator Avonex inter feron beta-1a Immunomodulator Betaseron inter feron beta-1b Immunomodulator Copaxone glatiramer acetate Immunomodulator Rebif inter feron beta-1a AD(H)D Concerta methylphenidate AD(H)D Methylin methylphenidate AD(H)D Ritalin methylphenidate AD(H)D Adderall dextroamphetamine/amphetamine
  26. 26. Ophthalmic Agents Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Antibiotic Garamycin gentamicin Antibiotic Sodium Sulamyd sodium sulfacetamide Antibiotic Chibroxin norfloxacin Antibiotic Ciloxan ciprofloxacin Antiviral Vira-a vidarabine Antiviral Viroptic trifluridine Antihistamine Livostin levocabastine Antihistamine Patanol olopatadine Antihistamine Emadine emedastine Ophthalmic cortico-steroids HMS medrysone Ophthalmic cortico-steroids Pred Forte prednisolone NSAID Ocufen flurbiprofen NSAID Acular ketorolac
  27. 27. Ophthalmic Agents Cont. Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Mydriatic Mydfrin phenylephrine Topical anesthetic Alcaine proparacaine Ocular lubricant Lacrisert hydroxypropyl cellulose Antiglaucoma Betoptic betaxolol Antiglaucoma Ocupress carteolol Antiglaucoma Optipranolol metipranolol Antiglaucoma Timoptic timolol Antiglaucoma Isopto Atropine atropine Antiglaucoma Propine dipivefrin
  28. 28. Otic Agents Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Anti-infective Cortisporin Otic Solution neomycin, polymixin b, hydrocortisone Anti-infective Cortisporin Otic Suspension neomycin, polymixin b, hydrocortisone Ear wax softener Cerumenex triethanolamine polypeptide oleate-condensate Ear wax softener Debrox carbamide peroxide Anti-infective VoSol HC acetic acid, hydrocortisone Anti-infective Ciprodex ciprofloxacin/dexamethasone
  29. 29. Antipsychotic and Anti-seizure Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Antipsychotic/bipolar Seroquel quetiapine Antipsychotic/bipolar Risperdal risperidon Antipsychotic/schizophrenia Thorazine chlorpromazine Antipsychotic/schizophrenia Stelazine trifluoperazine Antiseizure Tegretol carbamazepine Antiseizure Depakene valproic acid Antiseizure Klonopin clonazepam
  30. 30. Psychotropic Agents Sedatives and Hypnotics Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Sedative/antianxiety Valium diazepam Sedative/antianxiety Librium chlordiazepoxide Hypnotic/ barbiturate Seconal secobarbital Hypnotic/ barbiturate Nembutal pentobarbital Hypnotic/ nonbarbiturate Noctec chloral hydrate Hypnotic/ nonbarbiturate Miltown meprobamate
  31. 31. Psychotropic Agents Cont. Anti-anxiety Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Antianxiety Valium diazepam Antianxiety Librium chlordiazepoxide Antianxiety Ativan lorazepam Antianxiety Xanax alprazolam
  32. 32. Psychotropic Agents Cont. Antidepressant Drugs Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Antidepressant Elavil amitriptyline Antidepressant Zoloft sertraline Antidepressant Lexapro escitalopram Antidepressant Effexor venlafaxine Antidepressant Prozac fluoxetine
  33. 33. Psychotropic Drugs Cont. Alcohol or Drug Dependency Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Treatment for alcoholism Antabuse disulfiram Treatment for alcoholism ReVia naltrexone Treatment for cocaine addiction Norpramin desipramine Narcotic detoxification Dolophine methadone
  34. 34. Respiratory Agents - Antihistamines, Decongestants, and Anti-tussives Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Antihistamine Atarax/Vistaril hydroxyzine Antihistamine Phenergan promethazine Antihistamine Claritin loratadine Decongestant Sudafed pseudoephedrine Decongestant Sudafed PE phenylephrine Antitussive Delsym dextromethorphan Antitussive Tussionex hydrocodone/ & &(narcotic)/antihistame chlorpheniramine
  35. 35. Respiratory Agents Cont. Expectorants and Mucolytics Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Expectorant Robitussin guaifenesin Mucolytic Mucomyst acetylcysteine Expectorant/antitussive (narcotic) Vicodin Tuss guaifenesin/hydrocodone Expectorant/antitussive (narcotic) Robitussin AC guaifenesin/codeine
  36. 36. Respiratory Agents Cont. Bronchodilators Some Common Drugs Type Generic Brand Bronchodilator/ sympathomimetic Proventil HFA albuterol B ronchodilator/xanthine derivative Theo- Dur theopylline B ronchial corticosteroid QVAR beclomethasone Anticholinergic Atrovent ipratropium
  37. 37. Terms to Remember1. Analgesia 13. Conjunctivitis2. Androgens 14. Corticosteroid3. Anemia 15. Dermatological4. Anion 16. Diabetes mellitus 17. Dissociation6. Anthelmintic 18. Electrolytes6. Anti-pyretic 19. Endocrine system7. Bactericidal 20. Estrogens8. Bacteriostatic 21. Extracellular fluids9. Blocker 22. Fibrin10. Cation 23. Fibrinogen11. Chyme12. Clotting factors

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