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•    Bio – means life•    Ologos – to study / the study    • BIOLOGY – is the study of life / the      study of living thi...
•   Aristotle – Greek    philosopher; first who    classified living things as    to air, land, or water    dwellers; Fath...
•   Galen – Greek physician;    first to dissect apes and    pigs; Father of Anatomy
•   Andreas Vesalius – made    the first dissection on    human anatomy;    discovered Comparative    Anatomy
William Harvey – showedconclusively that the heartpumps blood and the bloodcirculates
•   Marcello Malphigi –    Italian physician &    anatomist, founder of    microscopic anatomy
•   Anton Van Leeuwenhoek    first to use microscope;    discovered    microorganisms such as    protozoans called    anim...
•   Charles Darwin –    wrote the book On    the Origin of Species    By Means of Natural    Selection
2 Major Divisions of       Biology• Botany – the   study of PLANTS• Zoology – the   study of   ANIMALS
Study of trees and their Dendrology              history                 Study of fungi and some  Mycology       associati...
Arachnology     Study of single class of                invertebrate (scorpions,                      spiders, etc.)Concho...
•   Anatomy – the    study of    structures of    entire    organisms and    their parts
•   Physiology    – the study    of how the    body and    its parts    work
Ecology – studyof how organismsinteract with theirenvironment &with otherorganisms
•   Parasitology – the study of the    organisms that live in or on other    organisms that caused diseases
•   Taxonomy – the study of the    classification & evolutionary    interrelationships among    organisms
•   Embryology – study of the    development & growth of    organisms
•   Cytology – the study of the    structures & functions of cells
•   Microbiology – the study of    microorganisms such as bacteria,    protozoans, and viruses
•   Paleontology – the study of    fossils, the preserved remains and    traces of organisms from the past
•   Genetics – the study of how traits    are inherited & passed on one    generation to the next
•   Morphology – the study of gross    structures & forms of organisms
•   Histology – study of tissues
Introduction to Biology
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Introduction to Biology

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This is an introduction to biology.

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Introduction to Biology

  1. 1. • Bio – means life• Ologos – to study / the study • BIOLOGY – is the study of life / the study of living things • Biologist – the person who studies Biology
  2. 2. • Aristotle – Greek philosopher; first who classified living things as to air, land, or water dwellers; Father of Biology
  3. 3. • Galen – Greek physician; first to dissect apes and pigs; Father of Anatomy
  4. 4. • Andreas Vesalius – made the first dissection on human anatomy; discovered Comparative Anatomy
  5. 5. William Harvey – showedconclusively that the heartpumps blood and the bloodcirculates
  6. 6. • Marcello Malphigi – Italian physician & anatomist, founder of microscopic anatomy
  7. 7. • Anton Van Leeuwenhoek first to use microscope; discovered microorganisms such as protozoans called animalcules
  8. 8. • Charles Darwin – wrote the book On the Origin of Species By Means of Natural Selection
  9. 9. 2 Major Divisions of Biology• Botany – the study of PLANTS• Zoology – the study of ANIMALS
  10. 10. Study of trees and their Dendrology history Study of fungi and some Mycology association with plants Study of fossil plants Paleonbotany Study of diseases ofPhytopathology plants Study the principles of Agriculture botany in growing food plants Study of cultivating fruits Pomology
  11. 11. Arachnology Study of single class of invertebrate (scorpions, spiders, etc.)Conchology Study of mollusksEmbryology Study of the development of animal formsEntomology Study of insectsHerpetology Study of reptilesMammalogy Study of mammalsOrnithology Study of birdsIchthyology Study of fishes
  12. 12. • Anatomy – the study of structures of entire organisms and their parts
  13. 13. • Physiology – the study of how the body and its parts work
  14. 14. Ecology – studyof how organismsinteract with theirenvironment &with otherorganisms
  15. 15. • Parasitology – the study of the organisms that live in or on other organisms that caused diseases
  16. 16. • Taxonomy – the study of the classification & evolutionary interrelationships among organisms
  17. 17. • Embryology – study of the development & growth of organisms
  18. 18. • Cytology – the study of the structures & functions of cells
  19. 19. • Microbiology – the study of microorganisms such as bacteria, protozoans, and viruses
  20. 20. • Paleontology – the study of fossils, the preserved remains and traces of organisms from the past
  21. 21. • Genetics – the study of how traits are inherited & passed on one generation to the next
  22. 22. • Morphology – the study of gross structures & forms of organisms
  23. 23. • Histology – study of tissues

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