0
 2 Approaches
 1. Juridical-Normative (Jurisprudence)
 -understands the state as “it should
 be” based on some epistem...
“A community of persons, more or less,
permanently occupying a definite portion of
territory, having a government of thei...
 1. PEOPLE: inhabitants,
 citizens, aliens, permanent
 residents
 2. TERRITORY: includes aerial,
 terrestrial, fluvia...
INTERNAL: Power of the state to rule itself.
EXTERNAL: Freedom of the state to run its
 affairs without interference of...
A. HUNTING AND GATHERING TRIBE: Nomadic, travels by band, men
engage in hunting, women
gather fruits and vegetables,
egali...
 C. PASTORAL SOCIETY : HIGHER POPULATION, CONSISTS
 MOSTLY OF CLANS AND RELATIVES,
 ENGAGES IN CATTLE RAISING, THERE
 ...
 E. INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY: HIGH POPULATION, URBAN & STATE
 SOCIETY, USE OF TRACTOR OR
 MACHINERY FOR AGRICULTURE,
 EXISTE...
 HYDRAULIC: state emerged from arid areas to manage
systems of irrigation, drainage and flood control.
 ECOLOGICAL DIVER...
 1.DIVINE RIGHT: emerged because of divine
intervention. God gave monarchs authority to rule.
 2.NECESSITY OR FORCE: cre...
POLICE POWER
POWER TO REGULATE FREEDOMS
AND PROPERTY OF CITIZENS FOR THE
PROMOTION OF: PUBLIC SAFETY,
HEALTH,
MORALS, PUBL...
 STATE: a complex society with a centralized
government, fixed territory, high population, and
sovereignty.
 GOVERNMENT:...
MONARCHY
RULED BY ONE OR TWO MONARCHS (KING OR QUEEN OR BOTH)
SUB-TYPES:
1. ABSOLUTE: MONARCH AS HEAD OF STATE & GOVERNMEN...
UNITARY
1 SET OF GOVERNMENT
E.G. PHILIPPINES
FEDERAL
2 SETS OF GOVERNMENT: FEDERAL &
STATE
E.G. USA, MEXICO
LAISSEZ-FAIRE
GOVERNMENT OWNS LITTLE OR NO
INDUSTRY AT ALL AND REDISTRIBUTES
LITTLE IN WELFARE PROGRAMS.
WELFARE
GOVERNMEN...
PRESIDENTIAL PARLIAMENTARY
TRADITIONAL
TYPE
FRENCH TYPE
HEAD OF STATE
(Usually ceremonial or
nominal position)
President P...
PRESIDENTIAL PARLIAMENTARY
TYPE BICAMERAL: 2 houses
making laws or
statutes: Senate &
House of
Representatives
UNICAMERAL:...
The state and government (Follow me on Twitter @detectivebogart)
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The state and government (Follow me on Twitter @detectivebogart)

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This power-point presentation provides basic information about state and non-state societies as well as the nature and powers of the state. The nature and types of government are also included in the slides.

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Transcript of "The state and government (Follow me on Twitter @detectivebogart)"

  1. 1.  2 Approaches  1. Juridical-Normative (Jurisprudence)  -understands the state as “it should  be” based on some epistemological  standard  2. Empirical-Descriptive  (Social Sciences)  -understands the state based on  empirical findings of anthropology and  sociology.
  2. 2. “A community of persons, more or less, permanently occupying a definite portion of territory, having a government of their own to which the great body of inhabitants render obedience, and enjoying freedom from external control” (De Leon 1997: 5).
  3. 3.  1. PEOPLE: inhabitants,  citizens, aliens, permanent  residents  2. TERRITORY: includes aerial,  terrestrial, fluvial,  and maritime  domains  3. GOVERNMENT: totality of  authorities which  rule a society.  4. SOVEREIGNTY: the supreme power  of the state that  governs society
  4. 4. INTERNAL: Power of the state to rule itself. EXTERNAL: Freedom of the state to run its  affairs without interference of other  states.
  5. 5. A. HUNTING AND GATHERING TRIBE: Nomadic, travels by band, men engage in hunting, women gather fruits and vegetables, egalitarian B. HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY: Semi-nomadic, engages in swidden or “slush and burn” agriculture, burns the forest, create temporary garden & plant root crops.
  6. 6.  C. PASTORAL SOCIETY : HIGHER POPULATION, CONSISTS  MOSTLY OF CLANS AND RELATIVES,  ENGAGES IN CATTLE RAISING, THERE  PRIVATE OWNERSHIP OF ANIMALS,  SLAVES.  D. AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY: OWNERSHIP OF LAND RESULTING  TO SOCIAL CLASSES AND STATE  FORMATION, USE OF PLOW & BEAST  OF BURDEN, RISE OF PRIVATE  OWNERSHIP, EXISTENCE OF SOCIAL  INEQUALITY, PRODUCTION OF  SURPLUS.
  7. 7.  E. INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY: HIGH POPULATION, URBAN & STATE  SOCIETY, USE OF TRACTOR OR  MACHINERY FOR AGRICULTURE,  EXISTENCE OF SOCIAL CLASSES AND  HIGHER LEVEL OF SOCIAL INEQUALITY,  ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY
  8. 8.  HYDRAULIC: state emerged from arid areas to manage systems of irrigation, drainage and flood control.  ECOLOGICAL DIVERSITY: state emerged because of the need to regulate production and exchange of products between zones.  LONG-DISTANCE TRADE ROUTES: state emerged to create centers of trade, exchange or supply between long trade routes.  MULTIVARIATE: state emerged because of circumscription (resource concentration), increasing population and warfare.
  9. 9.  1.DIVINE RIGHT: emerged because of divine intervention. God gave monarchs authority to rule.  2.NECESSITY OR FORCE: created by warfare or annexation of territories by great warriors.  3.PATERNATISTIC: originated from one family which grew into lineage, clans, and ultimately a state.  4. SOCIAL CONTRACT: created through voluntary agreement of the people to create a state.
  10. 10. POLICE POWER POWER TO REGULATE FREEDOMS AND PROPERTY OF CITIZENS FOR THE PROMOTION OF: PUBLIC SAFETY, HEALTH, MORALS, PUBLIC CONVENIENCE & PROSPERITY POWER OF TAXATION POWER OF THE STATE TO IMPOSE CHARGES AND BURDENS UPON PERSONS, PROPERTY OR PROPERTY RIGHTS FOR THE USE AND SUPPORT OF GOVERNMENT. POWER OF EMINENT DOMAIN THE RIGHT OF THE GOVERNMENT TO TAKE AWAY AND APPROPRIATE PRIVATE PROPERTY FOR PUBLIC USE UPON JUST COMPENSATION.
  11. 11.  STATE: a complex society with a centralized government, fixed territory, high population, and sovereignty.  GOVERNMENT: a political organ that provides direction to the state, the totality of authorities that govern a state; only a part or element of a state.  NATION: an ethnic concept which primarily refers to the ethnic background of the people in the state. The US is a multicultural nation.
  12. 12. MONARCHY RULED BY ONE OR TWO MONARCHS (KING OR QUEEN OR BOTH) SUB-TYPES: 1. ABSOLUTE: MONARCH AS HEAD OF STATE & GOVERNMENT, E.G. SAUDI ARABIA, BRUNEI 2. LIMITED OR CONSTITUTIONAL: MONARCH ACTS ONLY AS CEREMONIAL HEAD OF STATE; THE HEAD OF GOVERNMENT IS USUALLY THE PRIME MINISTER, E.G. ENGLAND, JAPAN DEMOCRACY RULED BY THE PEOPLE EITHER DIRECTLY OR THROUGH REPRESENTATIVES SUB-TYPES: DIRECT OR INDIRECT (REPUBLICAN) ARISTOCRACY RULED BY FEW RICH PEOPLE OR ELITE
  13. 13. UNITARY 1 SET OF GOVERNMENT E.G. PHILIPPINES FEDERAL 2 SETS OF GOVERNMENT: FEDERAL & STATE E.G. USA, MEXICO
  14. 14. LAISSEZ-FAIRE GOVERNMENT OWNS LITTLE OR NO INDUSTRY AT ALL AND REDISTRIBUTES LITTLE IN WELFARE PROGRAMS. WELFARE GOVERNMENT OWN LITTLE OR NO INDUSTRY BUT REDISTRIBUTES WEALTH OR AID TO THE POOR; SOCIAL DEMOCRACY, “CRADLE-TOGRAVE” BENEFITS FOR THE CITIZENS. STATISM THE STATE AS NUMBER 1 CAPITALIST, OWNING AND CONTROLLING BUSINESS AND INDUSTRIES.
  15. 15. PRESIDENTIAL PARLIAMENTARY TRADITIONAL TYPE FRENCH TYPE HEAD OF STATE (Usually ceremonial or nominal position) President President Prime Minister MANNER OF SELECTION Highest vote in a nationwide election Elected by members of Parliament, usually from the leading party Usually Appointed by the President HEAD OF GOVERNMENT (Usually the chief executive of the country) President Prime Minister President MANNER OF SELECTION Highest vote in a nationwide election Elected by Members of the Parliament (MPs)
  16. 16. PRESIDENTIAL PARLIAMENTARY TYPE BICAMERAL: 2 houses making laws or statutes: Senate & House of Representatives UNICAMERAL: 1 legislative house—the House of Parliament or General Assembly MEMBERS Upper house: senators Lower house: congressmen/women Members of the Parliament (MPs)
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