Ch. 4.3 political geography

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Ch. 4.3 political geography

  1. 1. Political Geography<br />Ch. 4, Sec. 3<br />
  2. 2. State – independent unit in a specific area that governs their own affairs <br />Nation – group of people with a common culture living in a territory and having a strong sense of unity<br />When the 2 are together = nation-state<br />
  3. 3. Types of Government<br />Democracy – citizens hold power (direct/ representative)<br />Monarchy – ruling family holds the power<br />Dictatorship – an individual or group holds all the power<br />Communism – nearly all political power and means of production (economy) are held by the gov’t in the name of the people<br />
  4. 4. Geographic Characteristics of Nations<br />Size – size = power<br />Shape<br />Affects governing, trade and travel<br />
  5. 5. Geographic Characteristics<br />Location<br />Landlocked – no direct route to sea<br />Can help increase trade or cause a need for protection<br />
  6. 6. National Boundaries<br />Establishes limits of control<br />Natural bnd. – based on physical features of the land<br />Artificial bnd. – fixed line generally following latitude or longitude lines<br />

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