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PPG state, nation and globalization.pptx

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PPG state, nation and globalization.pptx

  1. 1. States, Nations and Globalization
  2. 2. Table of Contents Nations The Concept of State Elements of the State Globalization 02 03 04 01
  3. 3. The Concept of State 01
  4. 4. Meaning of State • A state is a community of nations more or less numerous permanently occupying a definite portion of territory, having a government of their own to which the great body of inhabitants render obedience and enjoying freedom from external control (De Leon, Hector). • a nation or territory considered as an organized political community under one government.
  5. 5. The Elements of a State 02
  6. 6. Elements of a State 1. PEOPLE is the organization of human beings living together as a community. 2. TERRITORY refers to the territorial domains over which the state exercises control or sovereignty which includes all the land, sea and airspace the state exercises jurisdiction on.
  7. 7. Elements of a State 3. GOVERNMENT is an agency to which the political ideology of the state is expressed and carried out. 4. SOVEREIGNTY it is the power of the state to enforce the law over its people within its jurisdiction and demand obedience from them.
  8. 8. Two Types of Sovereignty 1. Internal Sovereignty - the power of the state to command authority within its jurisdiction. 2. External Sovereignty - the power and freedom of the state to carry out its activities without foreign domination or control.
  9. 9. Two Types of Sovereignty 1. Internal Sovereignty - the power of the state to command authority within its jurisdiction. 2. External Sovereignty - the power and freedom of the state to carry out its activities without foreign domination or control.
  10. 10. THE PHILIPPINE TERRITORY Article 1 Section 1 of the 1987 Constitution states the NATIONAL TERRITORY of the Philippines: Art.1 Sec. 1 1997 Constitution NATIONAL TERRITORY The national territory comprises the Philippines archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all other territories over sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial and aerial domains, including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the insular shelves and other submarine areas. The waters around, between and connecting the island of the archipelago, regardless of their breath and dimensions form part of the internal waters of the Philippines.
  11. 11. Duties of the State The following are the concerns of the state which are also considered as its duties or responsibilities. 1. Peace and order and national security 2. Political harmony or good laws 3. Social justice 4. Economic development 5. Individual and collective development of people
  12. 12. The Concept of Nation 03
  13. 13. THE CONCEPT OF NATION A nation is a group of people bound together by certain characteristics and shares the same history, ancestry, culture, and language.
  14. 14. THE CONCEPT OF NATION Benedict Anderson asserted that nations were “imagined communities” it is imagined because even though people do not know each other or do not meet all the members, they share the same common history, culture, language and tradition that are practiced by every member. They have the same feelings of belongingness and talk the same events that were part of their history even though they were miles away from one another.
  15. 15. Is the Philippines a nation or a state? The Philippines is a nation-state.
  16. 16. WHAT IS A NATION-STATE? The Oxford English Dictionary defines nation-state as “an independent political state formed from a people who share a common national identity (historically, culturally, or ethnically) A nation-state is a self-governed political entity occupied by people who speak the same language and share a common history and culture
  17. 17. The Concept of Globalization 04
  18. 18. WHAT IS GLOBALIZATION? Globalization is a process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different nations, a process driven by international trade and investment and aided by information technology.
  19. 19. WHAT IS GLOBALIZATION? Globalization is the gradual process of political, economic and cultural integration brought about by increased trade, exchange of ideas, and political relations among the states of the world.
  20. 20. Forms of GLOBALIZATION 1. Economic Globalization -Refers to the interconnectedness of economies through trade and the exchange of resources.
  21. 21. Forms of GLOBALIZATION 2. Cultural Globalization -It is the process whereby information, commodities and images that have been produced in one part of the world enter into a global flow that tends to ‘flatten out’ cultural differences between nations, regions and individuals.
  22. 22. Forms of GLOBALIZATION 3. Political Globalization -Refers to the amount of political co- operation that exists between different countries. This ties in with the belief that “umbrella” global organizations are better placed than individual states to prevent conflict.
  23. 23. Advantages of GLOBALIZATION 1. Global politics opens up opportunities for states to render aid to each other, provides avenues for dialogue and cooperation, and ensures that states learn from each other.
  24. 24. Advantages of GLOBALIZATION 2. Economic globalization enables emerging markets and industries to thrive due to trade liberalization, and provides states opportunities for economic development.
  25. 25. Advantages of GLOBALIZATION 3. Cultural globalization has given rise to a global community that accepts and celebrates diversity.
  26. 26. Disadvantages of GLOBALIZATION 1. Critics of globalization consider it as a detriment to the welfare of some states, as global interests often run counter to national interest.
  27. 27. Disadvantages of GLOBALIZATION 2. Economic globalization has rendered some developing nations helpless in the face of competitions in the global market.
  28. 28. Disadvantages of GLOBALIZATION 3. The supranational character of globalization, likewise, is seen as a limitation to national sovereignty.
  29. 29. Disadvantages of GLOBALIZATION 4. The refusal of powerful states to abide by international law standards also limits the effectiveness of global cooperation

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