Sumer Sumer is world oldest civilization-located in Mesopotamia, (present day Iraq, fertile crescent) between the Tigris a...
<ul><li>Sumer </li></ul><ul><li>Both T/E Rivers flood, recede then leave silt (rich soil) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Sumer” is a ...
<ul><li>Sumerians create one of the first civilizations </li></ul><ul><li>Five Key Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Advan...
<ul><li>Power of Priest </li></ul><ul><li>Had total control of early Sumer </li></ul><ul><li>Monarchs </li></ul><ul><li>Du...
<ul><li>Sumerian Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Polytheism-many gods, Sumerians, almost 3000 </li></ul><ul><li>Gods could be li...
<ul><li>Sumerian Contributions </li></ul><ul><li>Writing-cuneiform, maps, astronomy </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture-arches,...
<ul><li>First Empires </li></ul><ul><li>Sargon the conqueror-Akkadian ruler conquered city-  states of Mesopotamia </li></...
<ul><li>Code of Hammurabi </li></ul><ul><li>Created single “code” of laws-helped unify c/s </li></ul><ul><li>282 laws carv...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

2.1 Sumer

1,187 views
1,060 views

Published on

Published in: Education, News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,187
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
25
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

2.1 Sumer

  1. 1. Sumer Sumer is world oldest civilization-located in Mesopotamia, (present day Iraq, fertile crescent) between the Tigris and Euphrates (T/E) rivers
  2. 2. <ul><li>Sumer </li></ul><ul><li>Both T/E Rivers flood, recede then leave silt (rich soil) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Sumer” is a city-state </li></ul><ul><li>Cities are own “country” called a city-state </li></ul><ul><li>3 major problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Flooding unpredictable-able to irrigate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Small no natural defense-built large mud walls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Limited natural resources (wood, stone)-traded </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Sumerians create one of the first civilizations </li></ul><ul><li>Five Key Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced cities </li></ul><ul><li>Specialized workers </li></ul><ul><li>Complex institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Record keeping </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced technology </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Power of Priest </li></ul><ul><li>Had total control of early Sumer </li></ul><ul><li>Monarchs </li></ul><ul><li>During war-”tough” fighter ruled </li></ul><ul><li>Many wars-priests gave “tough” fighters full control </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually became monarchs and created dynasties </li></ul><ul><li>Cities </li></ul><ul><li>Surplus-increase long dist trade (food/ideas) </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural diffusion-absorb other ideas, religion, products </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Sumerian Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Polytheism-many gods, Sumerians, almost 3000 </li></ul><ul><li>Gods could be like humans but immortal </li></ul><ul><li>Gilgamesh-epic poem tells quest to be immortal </li></ul><ul><li>Sumerian Life </li></ul><ul><li>Social Classes </li></ul><ul><li>1. Priests and Kings </li></ul><ul><li>2. Wealthy merchants </li></ul><ul><li>3. Field and shop workers </li></ul><ul><li>4. Enslaved peoples </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Sumerian Contributions </li></ul><ul><li>Writing-cuneiform, maps, astronomy </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture-arches, columns, ramps, ziggurats </li></ul><ul><li>Base 60, circle 360 degrees, hour 60 minutes, minute 60 seconds </li></ul><ul><li>Farming/transportation-plow, wheeled vehicles, sail </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>First Empires </li></ul><ul><li>Sargon the conqueror-Akkadian ruler conquered city- states of Mesopotamia </li></ul><ul><li>Worlds first empire, lasted only 200 yrs </li></ul><ul><li>Babylonian empire </li></ul><ul><li>Amorites invade Mes. defeat Sumerians </li></ul><ul><li>Est. capital at Babylon </li></ul><ul><li>Reached “peak” during Hammurabi’s time </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Code of Hammurabi </li></ul><ul><li>Created single “code” of laws-helped unify c/s </li></ul><ul><li>282 laws carved into stone-family, business, crime </li></ul><ul><li>Different for rich/poor </li></ul><ul><li>“ Eye for eye” (look at pg 32) </li></ul><ul><li>1 st time govt resp for society </li></ul>

×