Long Range Reasons            Short Range Reasons 1. Fr still Feudal society    1. Louis’ spending 2. Enlightenment       ...
The following slides describe  the difficulties of “classes” in  France.There were 3 “Estates”  (classes) in France.Roots ...
1st Estate aka Clergy Less than 1% of pop Exempt from natl. French taxRoots of French revolution
2nd Estate aka Govt. officials Less than 2% of pop Exempt from Fr natl taxRoots of French revolution
3rd Estate aka Common Folk 97% of pop    ◦ 80% peasants; 17% middle class   Includes Bourgeoisie   Paid almost 100% of ...
3rd Estate the Bourgeoisie                Doctors; lawyers; merchants                No voice in govt                Wa...
3rd Estate Peasants                    Paid fees to use:                     mills, ovens, wine press                   ...
Louis needs money Wants to tax the 1st/2nd estates Calls 3 estates to Versailles Called meeting of Estates  General   ◦...
May 5, 1789 1st/2nd estates have 300 each 3rd have 600 total But only 1 vote for each estate  (total of 3 votes only) ...
3rd estate makes waves                   Want all delegates to have 1                     vote each                   Ki...
   National assembly    ◦ 3 days later find themselves      locked out   The Tennis Court Oath    ◦ Pledge not to leave ...
July 14, 1789                     Louis doesn’t trust his troops                        ◦ Swiss guards protect him       ...
   Peasants Becoming Outlaws                   ◦ Break into nobles’ manors                  Get Louis!!!                ...
   The Rights of Man                     ◦ Like our DOI                     ◦ “Men are born free and remain              ...
    Louis and Family                        ◦ Change clothes with servants                        ◦ Make break for Austri...
   January 21, 1793    ◦ “Citizen” Louis is marched to      scaffold   Courage and dignity    ◦ “I am innocent and shall...
   October 16, 1793     ◦ Marie’s untimely death    Fashion to the end     ◦ Wore the same black dress she       wore at...
   Humane?    ◦ Dr. Joseph Guillotine supported it      as being “humane”    ◦ Actually was compared to other      ways ...
   September 1793 to 1794    ◦ 40,000 executed    ◦ Radicals take over NA and want      reforms   Not radical enough?   ...
   Wild Man    ◦ Tries to eliminate religion    ◦ Creates the Cult of the Supreme      Being    ◦ Calls for many more exe...
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Roots of french revolution

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Roots of french revolution

  1. 1. Long Range Reasons Short Range Reasons 1. Fr still Feudal society 1. Louis’ spending 2. Enlightenment 2. Queens’ gambling 1 3. Scientific Rev mil a year 4. Cost of food 3. Collapse of all govt. 5. American Rev financesFrench Revolution
  2. 2. The following slides describe the difficulties of “classes” in France.There were 3 “Estates” (classes) in France.Roots of French revolution
  3. 3. 1st Estate aka Clergy Less than 1% of pop Exempt from natl. French taxRoots of French revolution
  4. 4. 2nd Estate aka Govt. officials Less than 2% of pop Exempt from Fr natl taxRoots of French revolution
  5. 5. 3rd Estate aka Common Folk 97% of pop ◦ 80% peasants; 17% middle class Includes Bourgeoisie Paid almost 100% of Fr taxesRoots of French revolution
  6. 6. 3rd Estate the Bourgeoisie  Doctors; lawyers; merchants  No voice in govt  Wanted higher social statusRoots of French revolution
  7. 7. 3rd Estate Peasants  Paid fees to use: mills, ovens, wine press  ½ salary went to fees, tithesRoots of the French Revolution
  8. 8. Louis needs money Wants to tax the 1st/2nd estates Calls 3 estates to Versailles Called meeting of Estates General ◦ first time called in 175 yearsRoots of the French Revolution
  9. 9. May 5, 1789 1st/2nd estates have 300 each 3rd have 600 total But only 1 vote for each estate (total of 3 votes only) Basically 3rd estate screwedMeeting of Estates General
  10. 10. 3rd estate makes waves  Want all delegates to have 1 vote each  King says no – stay with old ways  June 17, 1789 ◦ 3rd estate recreates itself into a “National Assembly” ◦ Own constitution ◦ Tennis court oathMeeting of Estates General
  11. 11.  National assembly ◦ 3 days later find themselves locked out The Tennis Court Oath ◦ Pledge not to leave until all 3 estates draft new constitutionThe Tennis Court Oath
  12. 12. July 14, 1789  Louis doesn’t trust his troops ◦ Swiss guards protect him  Moves Swiss troops to Versailles and Paris ◦ Mass fear that he is stopping National Assembly and the Rev  Rumors Rumors ◦ The Bastille holds 20,000 lbs of gun powder ◦ Mobs “storm” it to protect the NA and RevStorming of the Bastille
  13. 13.  Peasants Becoming Outlaws ◦ Break into nobles’ manors  Get Louis!!! ◦ Peasants march on Versailles ◦ Louis “leaves” to ParisA Great Fear
  14. 14.  The Rights of Man ◦ Like our DOI ◦ “Men are born free and remain free”  National Assembly (NA) ◦ Creates constitution – forces Louis to signAssembly Reforms France
  15. 15.  Louis and Family ◦ Change clothes with servants ◦ Make break for Austria  Pictures Pictures ◦ Apparently they recognize him from the money pic ◦ Oh and the royal seal on the carriage  Legislative Assembly (NA) ◦ King is no longer ◦ Call for his execution (Marie also)Louis Tries to Escape
  16. 16.  January 21, 1793 ◦ “Citizen” Louis is marched to scaffold Courage and dignity ◦ “I am innocent and shall die without fear. I would hope that my death might bring happiness to the French” Blood Blood ◦ His head is held up ◦ Silence at first – then cheers ◦ Dipping of handkerchiefsPoor Poor Louis
  17. 17.  October 16, 1793 ◦ Marie’s untimely death  Fashion to the end ◦ Wore the same black dress she wore at trial ◦ Wore it for 2 months ◦ Not allowed to wear at execution – fear of sympathyPoor Poor Marie
  18. 18.  Humane? ◦ Dr. Joseph Guillotine supported it as being “humane” ◦ Actually was compared to other ways Equality ◦ Instead of nobles getting axed and the poor being hung ◦ Made execution almost production line styleThe Guillotine
  19. 19.  September 1793 to 1794 ◦ 40,000 executed ◦ Radicals take over NA and want reforms Not radical enough? ◦ 18 yo boy executed for cutting tree down ◦ Bartender executed for selling sour wine Led by RobespierreThe Reign of Terror
  20. 20.  Wild Man ◦ Tries to eliminate religion ◦ Creates the Cult of the Supreme Being ◦ Calls for many more executions Radicals fear the Radical ◦ He is arrested and executedRobespierre

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