Mesopotamia unit terms


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Mesopotamia unit terms

  1. 1. Mesopotamia-”The Land Between the Rivers (Tigris and Euphrates)
  2. 2. In the Middle East-near present day Iraq
  3. 3. <ul><li>Its settlers were herders from the grasslands of the Arabian Peninsula and the highlands of Turkey. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>1 st known to control their environment(irrigation)-put holes in levees to get water to crops…Canals were dug to get greater amounts farther distances </li></ul>
  5. 5. Crops <ul><li>#1- Barley </li></ul><ul><li>Also, vegetables, fruits, flax, sesame, dates </li></ul>
  6. 6. City Life <ul><li>Ur- City State built by Sumerians from Sumer </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Walls made of mud and crushed reeds for protection from enemies </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Center of city life was the temple </li></ul><ul><li>With many people, they had to make laws </li></ul>
  9. 9. Mesopotamia Unit Terms <ul><li>Civilization-society w/ a developed knowledge of farming, trade, government, art, and science </li></ul>
  10. 10. Mesopotamia Unit Terms <ul><li>Culture- way of life </li></ul>
  11. 11. Mesopotamia Unit Terms <ul><li>Artisans-skilled workers </li></ul>
  12. 12. Mesopotamia Unit Terms <ul><li>Empire-lands ruled by an emperor </li></ul>
  13. 13. Mesopotamia Unit Terms <ul><li>Ziggurat-Mesopota-mian temple </li></ul>
  14. 14. Mesopotamia Unit Terms <ul><li>City-state- a city that is also an independent nation </li></ul>
  15. 15. Mesopotamia Unit Terms <ul><li>Irrigate-to supply dry land w/water </li></ul>
  16. 16. Mesopotamia Unit Terms <ul><li>Cuneiform-Sumerian wedge-shaped writing </li></ul>
  17. 17. Mesopotamia Unit Terms <ul><li>Scribe-Sumerian writer </li></ul>
  18. 18. Sumerian Cities <ul><li>They were city-states </li></ul><ul><li>Made up of cities w/farmland around it </li></ul>
  19. 19. Sumerian Cities <ul><li>Religion was the center of Sumerian life.They believed in 3000 gods. Most of these were involving nature. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Sumerian Learning <ul><li>Only rich boys went to school. </li></ul><ul><li>Writing (cuneiform) was done w/reeds on clay tablets </li></ul>
  21. 21. Men and Women <ul><li>Women could buy and sell property and slaves </li></ul>
  22. 22. Men and Women <ul><li>Men were heads of the house. They could divorce for no reason or even sell their wives and children for up to 3 years. Men arranged marriages for children. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Children <ul><li>Their job was to OBEY both parents and older siblings, as well as the priest. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Priests/Kings <ul><li>Priests were usually kings of city-states </li></ul>
  25. 25. Priests/Kings <ul><li>About 3000 B.C. military leaders began being kings instead. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Priests/Kings <ul><li>After that, kingship was hereditary. </li></ul>
  27. 27. 2400 B.C.-Sumer’s glory fades <ul><li>Sargon I created the world’s first empire by defeating Sumerian city-states. </li></ul>
  28. 29. 2400 B.C.-Sumer’s glory fades <ul><li>After Sargon I died, Hammurabi, King of Babylon and the Amorite people conquered the area all the way to the Mediterranean Sea. </li></ul>
  29. 30. Hammurabi’s Reforms <ul><li>Improved irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>Babylonian gods </li></ul><ul><li>Tax system </li></ul><ul><li>Gov’t housing </li></ul><ul><li>CODE OF LAWS </li></ul>
  30. 32. Hammurabi’s Code <ul><li>Innocent until proven guilty </li></ul>
  31. 33. Hammurabi’s Code <ul><li>Punishments- fines to death; no prisons </li></ul>
  32. 34. Hammurabi’s Code <ul><li>Upper class more severely punished </li></ul>
  33. 35. Mesopotamian Contributions <ul><li>“ Cradle of Civilization” </li></ul>
  34. 36. Mesopotamian Contributions <ul><li>1 st written laws </li></ul>
  35. 37. Mesopotamian Contributions <ul><li>Wheel </li></ul>
  36. 38. Mesopotamian Contributions <ul><li>Plow </li></ul>
  37. 39. Mesopotamian Contributions <ul><li>Sailboat </li></ul>
  38. 40. Mesopotamian Contributions <ul><li>12-month calendar based on astronomy </li></ul>
  39. 41. Mesopotamian Contributions <ul><li>Number system based on 60-led to the clock </li></ul>