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Athens and Sparta <ul><li>Both were city-states or Polis </li></ul><ul><li>Own culture, govt., and structure </li></ul><ul...
 
Sparta <ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>Assembly-all free males and the elected voted on issues </li></ul><ul><li>Coun...
<ul><li>Sparta cont. </li></ul><ul><li>Women </li></ul><ul><li>More independent-could own/control land (death of husband) ...
Athens <ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>“ Beginning” of western civilization </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens participated (...
Athens <ul><li>Women </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on child bearing, cooking, managing the house </li></ul><ul><li>Little educat...
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Rule And Order The City States

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5.2 notes Athens/Sparta

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Rule And Order The City States

  1. 1. Athens and Sparta <ul><li>Both were city-states or Polis </li></ul><ul><li>Own culture, govt., and structure </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks were proud “Greeks” but loyal to own city-state </li></ul><ul><li>This almost did them in during the Persian Wars </li></ul>
  2. 3. Sparta <ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>Assembly-all free males and the elected voted on issues </li></ul><ul><li>Council of Elders-create laws that assembly votes on </li></ul><ul><li>Ephors-five elected officials that carry out the laws </li></ul><ul><li>All controlled education and court </li></ul><ul><li>Two kings-ruled military </li></ul><ul><li>Society </li></ul><ul><li>Diverse population </li></ul><ul><li>Helots-serfs/slaves that outnumbered the citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Military society-to protect and keep the helots down </li></ul><ul><li>Men/Military </li></ul><ul><li>Training began at 7, good ol olive oil </li></ul><ul><li>At 13 dropped off in woods with nothing, had to survive </li></ul><ul><li>Engaged in pederasty-”loving, chaste, self-control” relations w/boys </li></ul><ul><li>Full military service at 20-soldier till 60 </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure your superiority-practice of exposure </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Sparta cont. </li></ul><ul><li>Women </li></ul><ul><li>More independent-could own/control land (death of husband) </li></ul><ul><li>Learned to read and write </li></ul><ul><li>Expected to produce children for “other” men </li></ul><ul><li>Helots </li></ul><ul><li>Worked the land – took care of chores </li></ul><ul><li>Outnumbered the citizens – leads to strong military </li></ul><ul><li>Owned by state not citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Had to “pay” ½ of their crops to the state </li></ul>
  4. 5. Athens <ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>“ Beginning” of western civilization </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens participated (beginning of democracy) </li></ul><ul><li>Only free males were “citizens” </li></ul><ul><li>Women, slaves, foreigners not citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Early - Draconian law – harsh (death for veggie stealer) </li></ul><ul><li>Solon – first man who est base of democracy and trial by jury </li></ul><ul><li>Society </li></ul><ul><li>Classes based on income not birth </li></ul><ul><li>Public work projects – helped poor </li></ul><ul><li>Men/Military </li></ul><ul><li>Taught reading and writing </li></ul><ul><li>“ Part time” soldiers </li></ul>
  5. 6. Athens <ul><li>Women </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on child bearing, cooking, managing the house </li></ul><ul><li>Little education </li></ul><ul><li>No political power </li></ul><ul><li>Opinions were respected </li></ul><ul><li>No escort – no leaving the house </li></ul><ul><li>Some “educated” for “conversation” </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves </li></ul><ul><li>1/3 of population </li></ul><ul><li>Mine, field, house workers </li></ul><ul><li>Usually conquered people </li></ul><ul><li>Could be a citizen and a slave </li></ul><ul><li>Will talk later on Golden Age of Athens </li></ul>

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