The Golden Age Of Athens (Uh I

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The Golden Age Of Athens (Uh I

  1. 2. Golden Age of Greece <ul><li>The Persian wars are over </li></ul><ul><li>This leads to the Golden Age of Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Your book calls it the GAG, but it was really more the Golden Age of Athens </li></ul><ul><li>Will the Persians invade again? </li></ul><ul><li>Lets be ready if they do </li></ul><ul><li>To “stop” any other invasions the Delian League is formed </li></ul>
  2. 3. Delian League <ul><li>Many different c/s, but Athens the main player (like a president) </li></ul><ul><li>Every c/s had to “give” ships, troops, weapons or $ for defense </li></ul><ul><li>Most gave $, b/c it was expensive for the other things </li></ul><ul><li>Over time it revealed an evil head </li></ul><ul><li>Athens started to force other c/s to join or from leaving </li></ul><ul><li>Athens is saying “hey you enjoy protection, you must pay, not mooch” </li></ul><ul><li>Athens conquers other c/s and “enslaves” them </li></ul><ul><li>Athens moves treasury to Athens to protect it from Persia…yea right </li></ul><ul><li>Athens also only starts to accept $, not materials </li></ul><ul><li>Guess what? Athens uses the $ to “beautify” Athens </li></ul><ul><li>Becoming an Empire?????? </li></ul>
  3. 4. Pericles <ul><li>The leading man of Athens </li></ul><ul><li>Handsome, engaging and stoic </li></ul><ul><li>Also had large weird shaped head… </li></ul><ul><li>All his statues have him with a helmet on </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded and strengthened Athens democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Three goals for Athens </li></ul>
  4. 5. Pericles <ul><li>Three goals for Athens </li></ul><ul><li>Stronger Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Increased nubmer of paid officials </li></ul><ul><li>Now even poor (citizens) could serve </li></ul><ul><li>This intro Direct Democracy (citizens rule) </li></ul><ul><li>Athenian Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Used DL $ to build 200 ship navy </li></ul><ul><li>Glorify Athens </li></ul><ul><li>Used DL $ to “beautify” Athens </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly to build Parthenon </li></ul>
  5. 6. The Acropolis <ul><li>Basically a citadel where all “politics” happen </li></ul><ul><li>Built during the Golden Age </li></ul>
  6. 7. The Acropolis
  7. 8. The Acropolis
  8. 9. The Parthenon <ul><li>The Acropolis’ most famous structure </li></ul><ul><li>Cost 469 Talents – roughly one to three billion </li></ul>
  9. 10. The Parthenon
  10. 11. The Parthenon
  11. 12. The Parthenon
  12. 13. The Parthenon
  13. 14. The Parthenon
  14. 15. The Parthenon <ul><li>Made of white marble </li></ul><ul><li>Came from quarry 16km away </li></ul><ul><li>What made it cost so much </li></ul><ul><li>Stones cut so well you can’t see seams </li></ul><ul><li>Modern tolerance – 1 inch error in 250 inches </li></ul><ul><li>Parthenon – 1 inch error in 2000 inches </li></ul><ul><li>Main function – house the statue of Athena </li></ul>
  15. 16. The Parthenon
  16. 17. The Parthenon <ul><li>1687 Venetia is fighting Ottoman Empire in Athens </li></ul><ul><li>Ottomans use acropolis as a fort </li></ul><ul><li>Store gunpowder in Parthenon </li></ul><ul><li>Venetian cannonballs ignite gunpowder </li></ul><ul><li>Destroys most of Parthenon </li></ul>
  17. 18. The Parthenon <ul><li>1806, Lord Elgin “brought” many of the sculptures from Parthenon to London (sawed them off) </li></ul><ul><li>Now known as Elgin Marbles </li></ul>
  18. 19. The Parthenon
  19. 20. The Parthenon

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