Setting the Stage
• Northern Europe had bubonic plague, and the 100
years war
• Italy had city-states and England and Fran...
Guttenberg’s Printing Press
• First book was the Gutenberg
Bible
• Now books are cheap
• Masses now can “read”
• Books in ...
Causes of the
Reformation
• Emphasis on secular
• People challenge the
Church
• Printing Press
• Problems in CC
• Pope’s s...
Luther Challenges the Church
• Questions indulgences
• Indulgence releases you from sin and
punishment (prayers, etc) by p...
Effects of Luther’s Reformation
• England becomes Protestant
• Henry VIII wants a son
• CC won’t grant him a divorce
• He ...
Effects of Luther’s Reformation
• John Calvin
• Created the idea of predestination
• God has know since time began who
was...
Effects of Luther’s Reformation
• The Catholic Reformation
• Council of Trent –four rules of
CC
1. CC has final say in wha...
The Reformations Long Lasting Effects
• Went hand in hand with exploration and
expansion of the new world
• Religion no lo...
The Reformations Long Lasting Effects
• Went hand in hand with exploration and
expansion of the new world
• Religion no lo...
The northern renaissance and luther’s reformation
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The northern renaissance and luther’s reformation

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2nd half chapter 17 notes

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The northern renaissance and luther’s reformation

  1. 1. Setting the Stage • Northern Europe had bubonic plague, and the 100 years war • Italy had city-states and England and France had monarchs • The monarchs sponsored (patron) art and artists • Northern Renaissance ideas mix with Italian Renaissance ideas • North was more religious than the humanists secular here and now theme in Italy
  2. 2. Guttenberg’s Printing Press • First book was the Gutenberg Bible • Now books are cheap • Masses now can “read” • Books in vernacular • People start questioning the church
  3. 3. Causes of the Reformation • Emphasis on secular • People challenge the Church • Printing Press • Problems in CC • Pope’s spending $ • Pope’s personal pleasures
  4. 4. Luther Challenges the Church • Questions indulgences • Indulgence releases you from sin and punishment (prayers, etc) by paying for salvation • His 95 thesis • Nailed 95 things he found wrong with the church to the door of his local church • His three main beliefs of the Church 1. Salvation - God’s gift of forgiveness 2. Church should teach to the Bible 3. All people with faith are equal to God
  5. 5. Effects of Luther’s Reformation • England becomes Protestant • Henry VIII wants a son • CC won’t grant him a divorce • He creates the Church of England • He is the head of the church
  6. 6. Effects of Luther’s Reformation • John Calvin • Created the idea of predestination • God has know since time began who was saved and who was doomed
  7. 7. Effects of Luther’s Reformation • The Catholic Reformation • Council of Trent –four rules of CC 1. CC has final say in what Bible “is” 2. Faith and good work for salvation 3. Bible and Church are equal 4. Indulgences were valid
  8. 8. The Reformations Long Lasting Effects • Went hand in hand with exploration and expansion of the new world • Religion no longer unites Europe • CC power declines • Individual gains power • Monarchs and other states gain power • Leads to rise in Democracy • Set the stage for the modern world
  9. 9. The Reformations Long Lasting Effects • Went hand in hand with exploration and expansion of the new world • Religion no longer unites Europe • CC power declines • Individual gains power • Monarchs and other states gain power • Leads to rise in Democracy • Set the stage for the modern world

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