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Mesopotamian Civilizations 6.2


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Mesopotamian Civilizations 6.2

  1. 1. Mesopotamian Civilization WH6.2 Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the early civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Kush.
  2. 2. Ancient Mesopotamia The Fertile Crescent
  3. 3. Where is Mesopotamia? <ul><li>Meso “between” and potamia “rivers” </li></ul><ul><li>Region between the Tigris and Euphrates </li></ul><ul><li>Modern day Iraq </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why did people settle there? <ul><li>Known as the “fertile crescent” </li></ul><ul><li>Great farm land </li></ul><ul><li>Steady supply of fresh water </li></ul>
  5. 5. What was the first civilization of Mesopotamia? <ul><li>Sumer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organized into city-states </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cities had their own govt. and went to war w/ each other. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Believed in many gods (polytheism) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skilled people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote in cuneiform on clay tablets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advance science and math </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Sumerian Culture
  7. 7. How did Sumer fall? <ul><li>City- states week, fell to Akkadians from the north. </li></ul><ul><li>Akkadians form an empire under Sargon. </li></ul>
  8. 8. What was Hammurabi’s Code? <ul><li>Hammurabi an Akkadian ruler </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Earliest know collection of Laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Covered crimes and punishments </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Who were the Assyrians? <ul><li>Took over 1,000 years after Hammurabi </li></ul><ul><li>Expert solidiers </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled from Niniveh (story of Jonah and the whale) to Egypts border and the Persian gulf. </li></ul><ul><li>Empire divided into provinces </li></ul>
  10. 10. Who were the Chaldeans? <ul><li>Rebelled against Assyrians and win </li></ul><ul><li>Built own empire </li></ul><ul><li>King Nebuchadnezzar (mentioned in story of Daniel in the Bible) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Builds Babylon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hanging Garden (Wonder of the Ancient world) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eventually falls to Persians </li></ul>