Long Range Reasons            Short Range Reasons 1. Fr still Feudal society    1. Louis’ spending 2. Enlightenment       ...
There are 3 “acts” that started   the revolution 1. Refusal of nobility to pay      taxes 2. Forming of Natl. Assembly    ...
The following slides describe  the early rumblings of  French difficulties of  “classes” in the beginnings  of the French ...
1st Estate aka Clergy Less than 1% of pop Owned 10% of land Exempt from natl. French taxRoots of French revolution
2nd Estate aka Govt. officials Less than 2% of pop Owned 20% of land Exempt from Fr natl taxRoots of French revolution
3rd Estate aka Common Folk 97% of pop    ◦ 80% peasants; 17% middle class   Includes Bourgeoisie   Paid almost 100% of ...
3rd Estate the Bourgeoisie                The middle class                Doctors; lawyers; merchants                No...
3rd Estate Peasants                    Struggled to survive                    Paid fees to use:                     mil...
Louis needs money Wants to tax the 1st/2nd estates    ◦ Uh – they control tax laws   Calls 3 estates to Versailles    ◦ ...
May 5, 1789 1st/2nd estates have 300 each 3rd have 600 total But only 1 vote for each estate Basically 3rd estate scre...
3rd estate makes waves                   Want all delegates to have 1                     vote each                   Ki...
   National assembly    ◦ 3 days later find themselves      locked out   The Tennis Court Oath    ◦ Pledge not to leave ...
July 14, 1789                     Louis doesn’t trust his troops                        ◦ Swiss guards protect him       ...
   More Rumors                   ◦ Nobles hiring outlaws                  Peasants Becoming Outlaws                   ◦ ...
   The Rights of Man                     ◦ Like our DOI                     ◦ “Men are born free and remain              ...
    Louis and Family                        ◦ Change clothes with servants                        ◦ Make break for Austri...
   January 21, 1793    ◦ “Citizen” Louis is marched to      scaffold   Courage and dignity    ◦ “I am innocent and shall...
   October 16, 1793     ◦ Marie’s untimely death    Fashion to the end     ◦ Wore the same black dress she       wore at...
   Humane?    ◦ Dr. Joseph Guillotine supported it      as being “humane”    ◦ Actually was compared to other      ways ...
   September 1793 to 1794    ◦ 40,000 executed    ◦ Radicals take over NA and want      reforms   Not radical enough?   ...
   Wild Man    ◦ Tries to eliminate religion    ◦ Creates the Cult of the Supreme      Being    ◦ Calls for many more exe...
Roots of french revolution
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Roots of french revolution

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Roots of french revolution

  1. 1. Long Range Reasons Short Range Reasons 1. Fr still Feudal society 1. Louis’ spending 2. Enlightenment 2. Queens’ gambling 1 3. Scientific Rev mil a year 4. Cost of land 3. Collapse of all govt. 5. Cost of food finances 6. Low wages 7. American RevFrench Revolution
  2. 2. There are 3 “acts” that started the revolution 1. Refusal of nobility to pay taxes 2. Forming of Natl. Assembly and “Tennis” court oath 3. Storming of BastilleRoots of French revolution
  3. 3. The following slides describe the early rumblings of French difficulties of “classes” in the beginnings of the French Revolution.There were 3 “Estates” in France.Roots of French revolution
  4. 4. 1st Estate aka Clergy Less than 1% of pop Owned 10% of land Exempt from natl. French taxRoots of French revolution
  5. 5. 2nd Estate aka Govt. officials Less than 2% of pop Owned 20% of land Exempt from Fr natl taxRoots of French revolution
  6. 6. 3rd Estate aka Common Folk 97% of pop ◦ 80% peasants; 17% middle class Includes Bourgeoisie Paid almost 100% of Fr taxesRoots of French revolution
  7. 7. 3rd Estate the Bourgeoisie  The middle class  Doctors; lawyers; merchants  No voice in govt  Wanted higher social statusRoots of French revolution
  8. 8. 3rd Estate Peasants  Struggled to survive  Paid fees to use: mills, ovens, wine press  ½ salary went to fees, tithesRoots of the French Revolution
  9. 9. Louis needs money Wants to tax the 1st/2nd estates ◦ Uh – they control tax laws Calls 3 estates to Versailles ◦ tax reform Called meeting of Estates General ◦ first time called in 175 yearsRoots of the French Revolution
  10. 10. May 5, 1789 1st/2nd estates have 300 each 3rd have 600 total But only 1 vote for each estate Basically 3rd estate screwedMeeting of Estates General
  11. 11. 3rd estate makes waves  Want all delegates to have 1 vote each  King says no – stay with old ways  June 17, 1789 ◦ 3rd estate recreates itself into a “National Assembly” ◦ Own constitution ◦ Tennis court oathMeeting of Estates General
  12. 12.  National assembly ◦ 3 days later find themselves locked out The Tennis Court Oath ◦ Pledge not to leave until all 3 estates draft new constitutionThe Tennis Court Oath
  13. 13. July 14, 1789  Louis doesn’t trust his troops ◦ Swiss guards protect him  Moves Swiss troops to Versailles and Paris ◦ Mass fear that he is stopping National Assembly and the Rev  Rumors Rumors ◦ The Bastille holds 20,000 lbs of gun powder ◦ Mobs “storm” it to protect the NA and RevStorming of the Bastille
  14. 14.  More Rumors ◦ Nobles hiring outlaws  Peasants Becoming Outlaws ◦ Break into nobles’ manors  Get Louis!!! ◦ Peasants march on Versailles ◦ Louis “leaves” to ParisA Great Fear
  15. 15.  The Rights of Man ◦ Like our DOI ◦ “Men are born free and remain free”  State Controlled Church ◦ All lands confiscated – hey need $  National Assembly (NA) ◦ Creates constitution – forces Louis to signAssembly Reforms France
  16. 16.  Louis and Family ◦ Change clothes with servants ◦ Make break for Austria  Pictures Pictures ◦ Apparently they recognize him from the money pic ◦ Oh and the royal seal on the carriage  Legislative Assembly (NA) ◦ King is no longer ◦ Call for his execution (Marie also)Louis Tries to Escape
  17. 17.  January 21, 1793 ◦ “Citizen” Louis is marched to scaffold Courage and dignity ◦ “I am innocent and shall die without fear. I would hope that my death might bring happiness to the French” Blood Blood ◦ His head is held up ◦ Silence at first – then cheers ◦ Dipping of handkerchiefsPoor Poor Louis
  18. 18.  October 16, 1793 ◦ Marie’s untimely death  Fashion to the end ◦ Wore the same black dress she wore at trial ◦ Wore it for 2 months ◦ Not allowed to wear at execution – fear of sympathyPoor Poor Marie
  19. 19.  Humane? ◦ Dr. Joseph Guillotine supported it as being “humane” ◦ Actually was compared to other ways Equality ◦ Instead of nobles getting axed and the poor being hung ◦ Made execution almost production line styleThe Guillotine
  20. 20.  September 1793 to 1794 ◦ 40,000 executed ◦ Radicals take over NA and want reforms Not radical enough? ◦ 18 yo boy executed for cutting tree down ◦ Bartender executed for selling sour wine Led by RobespierreThe Reign of Terror
  21. 21.  Wild Man ◦ Tries to eliminate religion ◦ Creates the Cult of the Supreme Being ◦ Calls for many more executions Radicals fear the Radical ◦ He is arrested and executedRobespierre

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