Reported Speech
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A presentation that tries to explain the changes from Direct Speech to Reported Speech in different situations: questions, affirmative statements, commands, requests and suggestions; paying special ...

A presentation that tries to explain the changes from Direct Speech to Reported Speech in different situations: questions, affirmative statements, commands, requests and suggestions; paying special attention to the appropriate verbs for each use.

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Reported Speech Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Reported Speech Carmen Torres
  • 2. DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH   REPORTED SPEECH ' I know quite a lot of people here .' Robert said. Present Simple Simple Past He said that he ............................... quite a lot of people there 'John is feeling much better ' Paul said. Present Continuous Past Continuous He said that John ...........................much better ' I enjoyed my holiday in the States' David said. Simple Past Past Perfect He said that he ............................... his holiday in the States 'Jackie wasn´t feeling very well ' The teacher said. Past Continuous Past Perfect Continuous He said that Jackie ......................... very well ' They've seen the Eiffel Tower ' John said. Present Perfect Past Perfect He said that they ............................ the Eiffel Tower ' I have been waiting for ages ' My father said. Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous He said that he ............................ for ages ' Nobody had warned them about the storm ' The politician said. Past Perfect Past Perfect He said that nobody .................... about the storm ' She had been reading all day ' Brenda said. Past Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous She said that she ........................ all day
  • 3. REPORTED SPEECH ' I will be here with you.' Robert promised me. Future Simple Conditional Present Robert promised that he ............................... there with me 'John is going to study French ' Paul said. Be going to Was/Were going to Paul said that John ........................... to study French ' We can start the lesson' David said. Can Could David said that we ............................... start the lesson ' They may come home ' My husband said. May Might My husband said that they ......................... come home ' You must be quiet in class ' The teacher said. Must Had to The teacher said that we ............................ be quiet in class
  • 4. REPORTING STATEMENTS Useful introductory verbs. ADD ADMIT + ing ANSWER ARGUE ASSURE BOAST about COMPLAIN to .. about DENY + ing EXPLAIN GRUMBLE about OBJECT to + ing OBSERVE POINT OUT PROMISE PROTEST against /about REMARK REMIND someone of… REPLY SAY & TELL
  • 5.
    • agree, refuse, offer, promise, threaten + infinitive
      • Ann: Would you wait half an hour’
      • Tom: All right
      • Chris: Would you lend me another €50?
      • David: No, I won´t lend you any more money
    • accuse of, admit, apologize for, deny, insist on + gerund
      • You took me the money!
      • I stole/ didn´t steal it!
      • I am sorry I’m late
      • Let me pay, please, let me
    REPORTING STATEMENTS
  • 6. YES / NO QUESTIONS
    • There is no inversion (subject/verb)
    • If or whether after the reporting verb
    • “ Are you working these days?” he said.
    • He inquired if/whether I was working those days
    • “ Did you speak to John last night?” she asked
    • She wanted to know if I had spoken to J, the night before.
    REPORTING QUESTIONS
  • 7. WH- QUESTIONS
    • When Who or What are subjects of the sentence we don’t
    • change the word order
    • “ Who told you this story?” He asked me who had told that story
    • “ What happens?” He wanted to know what happened.
    • The word order is a positive one, without inversion (subject/verb)
    • “ Where did you go last summer?”.
    • He asked me where I had gone the previous summer.
    • Some verbs we can use as reporting verbs: ask, enquire, wonder,
    • would like to know, want to know
    REPORTING QUESTIONS
  • 8.
    • The imperative changes into infinitive
    • He said to us: “Stay here” He told us to stay here
    • The reporting verb must indicate “order”
    • He said: “Be quiet” He told me to be quiet
    • Apart from Tell other verbs can be used: ask, beg, invite, warn, order, command, instruct,...
    • “ Say that again”, he said to me He asked me to say that again
    REPORTING COMMANDS
  • 9.
    • The verbs used are : beg, ask, demand & request and they are situated before the requested person.
    • The word “please” is omitted
    • When let is used in direct speech it must appear in the reported too but omitting the modal verb.
    • When let is not used the modal is not omitted .
    • “ John, don’t open the window, please” I said
    • I asked /requested/begged John not to open the window.
    • “ Can you let me use your phone, please?” I asked my neighbour
    • I asked my neighbour to let me use her phone
    • “ Can I use your phone?” I asked my neighbour
    • I asked my neighbour if I could use her phone.
    REPORTING REQUESTS
  • 10.
    • We normally use suggest + gerund to report them
    • Also suggest that + subordinate sentence
    • The suggestions : Let’s, why don’t we, shall we, why not…
    • are omitted
    • “ Let’s go to the theatre” she said.
    • “ Why don’t we go to the theatre?”
    • “ Shall we go to the theatre?”
    • She suggested going to the theatre
    • She suggested that we could go to the theatre
    • “ Let’s not argue again,” he said.
    • He suggested not arguing again
    • He suggested that they should not argue again.
    REPORTING SUGGESTIONS