Group 8
LEANING TOWER OF PISA
 Pisa Tower is actually a bell tower
 Located in Pisa City, Italia
 It is accidentally lean because of the poor foundat...
HAGIA SOPHIA
 Hagia Sophia is a former Orthodox patriarchal basilica,
then changed into a mosque and now as a museum
 Located in Ista...
 Also known as Bao’ensi, is a Temple of Gratitude
 Located on the south bank of the Yangtze in Nanjing,
China
 It was b...
PORCELAIN TOWER OF NANJING
CATACOMBS OF KOM EL SHOQAFA
 The name means Mound of Shards
 It is a historical archeological site located in Alexandria,
Egypt
 It is a necropolis...
STONEHENGE
 It is located in Wiltshire, English
 Stonehenge is composed of earthworks surrounding a
circular setting of large stand...
COLOSSEUM
 Colosseum is originally known as giant Amphitheatre
 It shaped elliptical and located in Rome, Italy
 It is considered...
THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA
 The Great Wall of China is a series of stone and
earthen fortifications
 It was a fortifications to protect the Norther...
DIMENSION OF THE GREAT WALL
 It stretches over approximately 6.400km (4.000 miles)
from Shanhaiguan in the East to Lop Nu...
HISTORY
 At first, China was divided into 3 states : Qi, Yan and Zhao and all constructed
fortifications to defend their ...
NOTABLE AREAS
 Some notable areas of The Great Wall are in Beijing
municipality, which were renovated and regularly visit...
CHARACTERISTIC
 Formerly, The Great Wall was mainly built from earth,
stones, and wood.
 However in Ming Dynasty, bricks...
The Old World Wonders
The Old World Wonders
The Old World Wonders
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The Old World Wonders

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there are 7 old world wonders such as Leaning Tower of Pisa, Hagia Sophia, Porcelain Tower of Nanjing, El Shoqafa, Colloseum, Stonehenge and Great Wall of China.

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The Old World Wonders

  1. 1. Group 8
  2. 2. LEANING TOWER OF PISA
  3. 3.  Pisa Tower is actually a bell tower  Located in Pisa City, Italia  It is accidentally lean because of the poor foundation and it was set in loose soil  It used to lean at angle of 5.5°, but after restoration, it leans only 3.99° now
  4. 4. HAGIA SOPHIA
  5. 5.  Hagia Sophia is a former Orthodox patriarchal basilica, then changed into a mosque and now as a museum  Located in Istanbul, Turkey  First it was a Constantinople, then after 29 May 1453- 1931 it became a mosque  It was closed to public for 4 years, then re-opened in 1935 as a museum by the Republic of Turkey  It was famous for its massive dome, and believed as “changed the history of architecture”
  6. 6.  Also known as Bao’ensi, is a Temple of Gratitude  Located on the south bank of the Yangtze in Nanjing, China  It was built with white porcelain bricks, that reflect the sun’s rays during the day  And at night as many as 140 lamps were hung to illuminate the tower, created a mix of green, yellow, brown and white designs on the side of its
  7. 7. PORCELAIN TOWER OF NANJING
  8. 8. CATACOMBS OF KOM EL SHOQAFA
  9. 9.  The name means Mound of Shards  It is a historical archeological site located in Alexandria, Egypt  It is a necropolis that consists of a series of Alexandrian tombs, statues, archeological objects of Pharaonic funeral with Hellenistic and early Imperial Roman influences  It was used as a burial chamber from 2nd-4th century
  10. 10. STONEHENGE
  11. 11.  It is located in Wiltshire, English  Stonehenge is composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of large standing stones  Archeologists believed it was erected around 2500 AD  In early 20th most of the stones no longer upright stand  It is one of the most famous sites in the world
  12. 12. COLOSSEUM
  13. 13.  Colosseum is originally known as giant Amphitheatre  It shaped elliptical and located in Rome, Italy  It is considered as one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engingeering  Colosseum construction started under the emperor Vespasian and completed under Titus  It was capable for 50.000 spectators
  14. 14. THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA
  15. 15.  The Great Wall of China is a series of stone and earthen fortifications  It was a fortifications to protect the Northern borders of Chinese Empire from enemies  It started to built since the 5th century BC  One of the famous wall built between 220-206 BC by the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang
  16. 16. DIMENSION OF THE GREAT WALL  It stretches over approximately 6.400km (4.000 miles) from Shanhaiguan in the East to Lop Nur in the West  A more recent archaeological survey using advanced technologies points out that the entire Great Wall, with all of its branches stretches for 8.851,5 km (5.500,3 miles)  It has been estimated that 2 to 3 million Chinese died as part of the Great Wall project
  17. 17. HISTORY  At first, China was divided into 3 states : Qi, Yan and Zhao and all constructed fortifications to defend their own borders.  Then Qin Shi Huang conquered all to unified, and establishing Qin Dynasty  Qin Shi Huang destructed the former wall sections then built the new wall to connect the remaining wall  This new wall was the started point of The Great Wall  The Great Wall concept was revived again during Ming dynasty in 1449  The Ming construction was stronger and more elaborate than The Qin construction
  18. 18. NOTABLE AREAS  Some notable areas of The Great Wall are in Beijing municipality, which were renovated and regularly visited by tourist nowadays  The example of notable area such as in Shanhaiguan which known as the “Number One Pass Under Heaven”
  19. 19. CHARACTERISTIC  Formerly, The Great Wall was mainly built from earth, stones, and wood.  However in Ming Dynasty, bricks were heavily used in many areas of the wall  Bricks could bear more weight and endure better than rammed earth
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