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The Colosseum


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The Colosseum

  1. 1. The Colosseum By Tõnis Tulp
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medieval </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modern </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physical description </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exterior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interior seating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arena and hypogeum </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Contents <ul><li>Use </li></ul>
  4. 4. History- Ancient <ul><li>Construction began in around 70–72. </li></ul><ul><li>Nero’s Domus Aurea and gigantic bronze Colossus of Nero . </li></ul><ul><li>The area was transformed under Vespasian and his successors. </li></ul><ul><li>Colossus was preserved, much of the Domus Aurea was torn down </li></ul><ul><li>Construction finished in 80 </li></ul>
  5. 5. History- Medieval <ul><li>The Colosseum underwent several radical changes. </li></ul><ul><li>By the late 6th century a small church. </li></ul><ul><li>The arena was converted into a cemetery. </li></ul><ul><li>Housing and workshops </li></ul>
  6. 6. History- Modern <ul><li>Wool factory during the 16th(Pope Sixtus V) </li></ul><ul><li>Popular tourist attraction </li></ul>
  7. 7. Exterior <ul><li>Entirely free-standing structure. </li></ul><ul><li>189 metres long, and 156 metres wide. </li></ul><ul><li>Base area of 6 acres. </li></ul><ul><li>The height is 48 metres. </li></ul><ul><li>100,000 cubic meters of stone which were held together by 300 tons of iron clamps. </li></ul><ul><li>80 entrances at ground level. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Interior seating <ul><li>87,000 people </li></ul><ul><li>Seated by social standing </li></ul><ul><li>Special boxes at the north and south ends for the Emperor and the Vestal Virgins. </li></ul><ul><li>At the same level was the podium for the senatorial class </li></ul>
  9. 9. Arena and hypogeum <ul><li>83 metres by 48 metres </li></ul><ul><li>Wooden floor covered by sand </li></ul><ul><li>Covering an underground structure called the hypogeum. </li></ul><ul><li>Hypogeum consisted of a two-level subterranean network of tunnels and cages beneath the arena where gladiators and animals were held before contests </li></ul>
  10. 10. The use <ul><li>Gladiatorial shows as well as a variety of other events. </li></ul><ul><li>During the early days of the Colosseum, was used for naumachiae - simulated sea battles. </li></ul><ul><li>Sylvae - recreations of natural scenes. </li></ul>
  11. 11. That is all.